Sociocybernetics: Complexity, Autopoiesis, and Observation of Social Systems

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R. Felix Geyer, J. van der Zouwen
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1 jan. 2001 - 250 pagina's
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In an effort to shed light on recent developments in sociocybernetic research, this volume represents recent and advanced thinking in this rapidly developing field. The authors address the core problems in social science caused by increasing societal complexity and analyze the inadequacy of many of the methodological tools still used for grappling with nonlinear, self-organizing systems. Together, the 18 contributors propose elements of a new methodology based on sociocybernetic principles aimed at describing and explaining the growth of societal complexity, the contribution of autopoiesis of societal subunits to more societal complexity, and the new simulation-based methodology needed to observe complex social systems. This unique volume contributes to a greater understanding of sociocybernetics and its uses as a method for researching modern problems of increasing complexity and interdependence.

The first part of the book deals with increasing societal complexity and contains chapters on its overall development, the complexity of brain-environment interaction loops, organizational change, the development of human values, and the increasing interpenetration of societal subsystems. The second part concentrates on a current issue in sociocybernetics: autopoiesis, or self-production. The chapters included in Part II concentrate on embodied cognition, on the applicability of autopoiesis to business firms, on its roots in Aristotelian philosophy, and on the possibility of societal control and steering in democratic societies. Part III, more focused on methodology, discusses the difficulties inherent in observing complex social systems. The chapters deal with the problems of cross-cultural comparative research, simulation of the evolution of social systems, longitudinal simulation of education systems, and the methodological difficulties associated with analyzing the unexpected complexities of mutually interacting nonlinear systems.

  

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Inhoudsopgave

Sociophysics and Sociocybermetics An Essay on the Natural Roots and Limits of Political Control
17
Mind and Brain A Dynamic System Model
41
Management by Complexity Redundancy and Variety in Organizations
59
The Emergence of Societal Information
73
On the Interpenetration of Social Subsystems A Contemporary Reconstruction of Parsons and Luhmann
89
Information Meaning and Communication An Autopoietic Approach
109
Are Firms Autopoietic Systems?
125
The Autopoiesis of Social Systems An Aristotelian Interpretation
141
Autopoiesis and Governance Societal Steering and Control in Democratic Societies
159
Implications of Autopoiesis and Cognitive Mapping for a Methodology of Comparative CrossCultural Research
173
Social Differentiation as the Unfolding of Dimensions of Social Systems
191
The Dynamics of Educational Expansion A Simulation Model
205
Towards a Methodology for the Empirical Testing of Complex Social Cybernetic Models
223
Index
241
About the Contributors
249
Copyright

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Pagina 11 - How do we make a science out of imperfectly smart agents exploring their way into an essentially infinite space of possibilities?

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Sociocybernetics: Complexity, Autopoiesis, and Observation of Social Systems Geyer, Felix and van der Zouwen, Johannes. In an effort to shed light on recent ...
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Over de auteur (2001)

FELIX GEYER headed the methodology section of SISWO,(Institute for the Social Sciences), and has been retired since 1998.JOHANNES VAN DER ZOUWEN is a professor in the Social Research Methodology department at Free University, The Netherlands.

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