The Neo-Mandaic Dialect of Khorramshahr

Voorkant
Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 2009 - 378 pagina's
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Neo-Mandaic is the only surviving dialect of Aramaic to be recognized as a direct descendant of any of the classical dialects of Late Antiquity. The Mandaeans who speak it are adherents of a pre-Islamic Gnostic sect, the only such sect to survive to the present day. As such, Mandaic may be considered as both a living language of the modern Middle East and also the vehicle of one of the great religious traditions of that region, along with Hebrew, Arabic, and Persian. Unfortunately, Neo-Mandaic is severely endangered, and all signs indicate that the current generation of speakers is likely to be the last. As a description of an endangered language, this work addresses one of the chief concerns of linguists in the 21st century, namely the impending loss of the majority of the world's languages and the immense threat to both linguistic and cultural diversity that it represents. This grammar is the fi rst account of a previously undocumented dialect of Neo-Mandaic, and most thorough description of any Neo-Mandaic dialect. In addition to a description of its phonology, inflectional paradigms, and morphosyntax, it includes a collection of ten texts, transcribed and translated, as well as a concise lexicon of the vocabulary found within these texts.
  

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Inhoudsopgave

Kinship Terms
6
Census of Mandaean Families 1877
9
Loan Words in NeoMandaic
34
Dialect Differences
37
Swadesh List of 207 Common Terms in NeoMandaic
39
Phonology
45
Phoneme Inventory Consonants
48
Phoneme Inventory Vowels
49
GStem Roots with DStem Equivalents
201
Personal Suffixes on the Strong DStem Verb
202
The Strong DStem Perfective with Object Suffixes
203
The Strong DStem Imperative with Object Suffixes
204
Personal Suffixes on the IWeak DStem Verb
205
The IWeak DStem Imperative with Object Suffixes
206
The Paradigm of sayyel sayyel amsiyel
207
Personal Suffixes on the IIIWeak DStem Verb
208

Some Minimal and NearMinimal Pairs Vowels
60
Independent Pronouns and Stress
79
Allomorphs of the Proclitic Morphemes
93
The Noun
109
Cardinal Numbers
149
Pronouns
155
Independent Personal Pronouns
156
Objective Possessive Pronominal Clitics
157
Quantifiers with Enclitic Pronominal Suffixes
159
Forms of the Demonstrative Pronouns
162
The Verb
174
a o Thematic Vowel Class
176
oo Thematic Vowel Class
177
Personal Suffixes on the Strong Verb
180
The Strong Perfective with Object Suffixes
181
The Strong Imperative with Object Suffixes
182
Personal Suffixes on the IWeak Verb
184
The Imperative of the IWeak with Object Suffixes
185
The IWeak Imperfective with Object Suffixes
186
Personal Suffixes on IIWeak and Geminate Verbs
188
IIWeak Geminate Imperatives with Object Suffixes
189
The Perfective and Imperative of ata atiati
191
Personal Suffixes on IIIWeak Verbs
192
The IIIWeak Perfective with Object Suffixes
193
The IIIWeak Imperative with Object Suffixes
194
The Perfective of aba bayi
195
Perfective and Imperative of ezga ezgi azi
196
Perfective of tammd
197
Imperfective of yad
198
Perfective of yad
199
DStem Verbs
200
The IIIWeak DStem Imperative with Object Suffixes
209
Personal Suffixes on Quadriradical Verbs
211
CStem Verbs
212
GStem Roots with CStem Equivalents
213
Personal Suffixes on the Strong CStem Verb
214
The Strong CStem Perfective with Object Suffixes
215
The Strong CStem Imperative with Object Suffixes
216
Personal Suffixes on the IIIWeak CStem Verb
217
The IIIWeak CStem Perfective with Object Suffixes
218
Perfective of atti atti matti with Object Suffixes
219
Imperative of atti atti matti with Object Suffixes
220
Imperfective of atti atti mattiwith Object Suffixes
221
GStem Roots with GStem Equivalents
222
Personal Suffixes on the Strong rGStem Verb
224
Personal Suffixes on the Verb To Baptize
225
Some Examples of Phrasal Verbs
227
The Short Copula
230
The Long Copula and its Negation
231
The Long Copula with Proclitic and its Negation
232
The Copula in the Analytic passive
233
The Modal Verb To Want with the Verb To Say
235
The Modal Verb To Permit with the Verb To Speak
236
The Modal Verb To Be Able with the Verb To Speak
237
The Modal Particle Must with the Verb To Speak
238
The GStem Passive Participles
253
Conclusion
256
Speech June 13 1999
273
The City of Mice who Eat Iron
289
Bibliography
367
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