Acculturation and Particularism in the Modern City: Synagogue Building and Jewish Identity in Northern Europe

Voorkant
ProQuest, 2008 - 448 pagina's
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This dissertation takes a comparative approach to European Jewish history. By crossing the conceptual boundaries of history, architecture, and urban studies, it explores the dynamic relationship between synagogue building and Jewish identity-formation in Amsterdam, London, and Berlin in the second half of the nineteenth century. The Jews in these capitals lived in relatively close proximity to each other and experienced, in varying degrees, the rise of a Jewish middle class and increasing acculturation. Many communities initiated spectacular building projects at this time, consciously tying monumental synagogues to the new public face of Judaism. Indeed, synagogues took on a new central role in mediating Jewishness in a modern society. Largely confined to the private domain in the early modern period, from the mid-nineteenth century onwards synagogues boldly announced the cultural sophistication, bourgeois affluence, and religious respectability of the Jewish population. Yet the communities in Holland, Great Britain, and Germany attached very different meanings and objectives to these religious structures due to the distinctive local and national context in which they were built. By looking closely at the debates over style, location, size, spatial lay-out, religious reform, and etiquette---all of which were closely related to Jewish self-representation and acculturation in predominantly Christian societies---we gain a more nuanced view of how Jews saw themselves and how they wanted to be seen by their contemporaries. The built environment, and synagogues in particular, thus proves a useful lens through which to gauge the complexities of Jewish life in Europe during this time.
  

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He Who Would See a World in Little Let Him Come Here and Gaze
37
Map of Berlin and Coin 1648
130
Heidereutergasse Synagogue Berlin
131
Houtgracht Synagogue Amsterdam
132
SpanishPortuguese Synagogue Amsterdam
133
The Esnoga Amsterdam
134
Entrance to the Synagogue in Leadenhall Street London
135
The Great Synagogue London
136
Map of Jewish Amsterdam
217
Synagogue diamond factory Boas Uilenburgerstraat Amsterdam
218
Nederlands Israelitisch Armbestuur
219
Blueprint Rechit Tov 1855
220
Gerard Dou Square
221
Gerard Dou Synagogue
222
Interior Gerard Dou Synagogue
223
There Should Be Sermons in Stone Synagogue Building
224

From CafeChantant to Jewish House of Worship Amsterdam
137
Map of Amsterdam 1888
215
Slums in Uilenburg Amsterdam
216
The Architecture of Emancipation or the Architecture of Particularism?
320
Conclusion 412
370
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