Alternate Route: Toward Efficient Urban Transportation (Google eBoek)
Urban transportation problems abound across America, including jammed highways during rush-hours, deteriorating bus service, and strong pressures to build new rail systems. Most solutions attempt either to increase transportation capacity (by building more roads and expanding mass transit) or to manage existing capacity (through HOV restrictions, exclusive bus lanes, and employer-based policies such as flexible work hours). This book develops an alternative solution to urban transportation problems based on economic analysis, but well aware of the political constraints on policymakers. The authors estimate that efficient pricing and service policies could save more than $10 billion in annual net benefits over current practices, but argue that powerful, entrenched political and institutional forces will continue to thwart efficient economic solutions to improve urban transportation. They believe, however, that some form of privatization would likely improve social welfare more than an efficient public sector system. Facing fewer operating restrictions, greater economic incentives, and stronger competitive pressures, private suppliers could substantially improve the efficiency of urban operations and offer services that are more responsive to the needs of all types of travelers. The authors conclude that policymakers have bestowed huge benefits on the public by allowing the private sector to play a leading and unencumbered role in the provision of intercity transportation. Public officials should take the next step and allow the private sector to play a leading role in the provision of urban transportation.
Wat mensen zeggen - Een recensie schrijven
We hebben geen recensies gevonden op de gebruikelijke plaatsen.
Introduction and Overview
The Urban Transit Operating and Institutional Environment
Travelers Preferences for Urban Transportation
The Economic Effects of NetBenefit Maximization
Sources of Inefficiencies
An Alternative Route Privatization
attribute equations auto Automobile Travel average load factors billion bus and rail bus fares Bus frequency bus operations bus service bus systems calculations carpool cities Clifford Winston commute distance commuters as percent competition congestion pricing congestion tolls deficits Department of Transportation departure-time deregulation dollars effect Federal Highway Administration governor-appointed transit authority grant money greater heavy rail improve increase inefficiencies influence light rail load factors marginal costs miles in planning mode and departure mode choice mode share net-benefit maximization older than 16 passenger mile percent of persons persons older policymaking entities political Population density prices and service private bus public transit rail fares rail operations rail systems reduced road route coverage route decisions Section 15 database sector service frequency taxi traffic transit fares Transit Operating transit systems Transport Economics travel behavior urban transit urban transportation policy urban transportation system urbanized area variables Viton Washington Post welfare loss