A Unified Theory of Party Competition: A Cross-National Analysis Integrating Spatial and Behavioral Factors
This book integrates spatial and behavioral perspectives - in a word, those of the Rochester and Michigan schools - into a unified theory of voter choice and party strategy. The theory encompasses both policy and non-policy factors, effects of turnout, voter discounting of party promises, expectations of coalition governments, and party motivations based on policy as well as office. Optimal (Nash equilibrium) strategies are determined for alternative models for presidential elections in the US and France, and for parliamentary elections in Britain and Norway. These polities cover a wide range of electoral rules, number of major parties, and governmental structures. The analyses suggest that the more competitive parties generally take policy positions that come close to maximizing their electoral support, and that these vote-maximizing positions correlate strongly with the mean policy positions of their supporters.
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1988 French presidential abstention actual additional advantage alienation alternative analysis Appendix assume assumption behavior British candidate's candidates centrist Chapter Chirac choice coalition competition computed Conservative decisions Democratic dimensions direction discounting dispersion distance distribution divergence effects electoral empirical equation equilibrium configuration equilibrium positions estimated evaluations example expected expected vote extreme factors Figure French presidential election function given identification ideology illustrative incentives included incorporate increases indifference influence issues Labour Left–Right Liberal major mean median Mitterrand motivations move Nash nonpolicy Norwegian Note observed optimal parameter partisan partisan constituencies partisanship party perceived percent placements policy positions policy-only policy-seeking political preferences present probability reported represents Republican respondents rival scale self-placements similar spatial modeling specification strategies studies suggest Table theoretical typically uncertainty unified model unified turnout model United utility valence values variables vote vote share vote-maximizing voters voting model winning
Pagina i - His published articles have appeared in the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, and the Journal of Politics.
Pagina i - He has been a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, a Fellow of the Guggenheim Foundation...
Pagina i - Courts (2002), and has published in journals such as the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, and the Journal of Politics.
Pagina 294 - Economics, Issues, and the Perot Candidacy: Voter Choice in the 1992 Presidential Election.
Pagina 299 - A contextual effect in political perception and self-placement on an ideology scale: comparative analyses of Sweden and the US Scandinavian Political Studies, 10, 39-60.
Readings in Public Choice and Constitutional Political Economy
Charles Rowley,Friedrich Schneider
Gedeeltelijke weergave - 2008
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Jahrbuch fŁr Handlungs- und Entscheidungstheorie: Band 4: Schwerpunkt ...
Thomas Bršuninger,Behnke Joachim
Geen voorbeeld beschikbaar - 2006