Ancient Wisdom in the Age of the New Science: Histories of Philosophy in England, c. 1640–1700
Cambridge University Press, 15 sep. 2015 - 670 pagina's
Seventeenth-century England has long been heralded as the birthplace of a so-called 'new' philosophy. Yet what contemporaries might have understood by 'old' philosophy has been little appreciated. In this book Dmitri Levitin examines English attitudes to ancient philosophy in unprecedented depth, demonstrating the centrality of engagement with the history of philosophy to almost all educated persons, whether scholars, clerics, or philosophers themselves, and aligning English intellectual culture closely to that of continental Europe. Drawing on a vast array of sources, Levitin challenges the assumption that interest in ancient ideas was limited to out-of-date 'ancients' or was in some sense 'pre-enlightened'; indeed, much of the intellectual justification for the new philosophy came from re-writing its history. At the same time, the deep investment of English scholars in pioneering forms of late humanist erudition led them to develop some of the most innovative narratives of ancient philosophy in early modern Europe.
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ancient anima ante-Nicenes anti-Aristotelian Antiquity argument Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s atheists atomism atomists Boyle Boyle’s Burnet Cabbala Cambridge Casaubon century Chaldean Chaldean Oracles Christian church cited claim Clerc corpuscularianism critical Cudworth debate defend Democritus developed Digby Diogenes LaŽrtius discourse discussion divine doctrine Dodwell early modern edition Egyptian England English Epicurean Epicurus Epicurus’s evidence experimental fathers Gale Galen Gassendi Glanvill Glisson God’s Greek Henry Hierocles Hippocrates historiography history of philosophy Hobbes humanist Hyde Hyde’s Iamblichus Ibid idea intellectual Jean Le Clerc Jewish Jews John learned letters London Maimonides manuscript Marsham medicine Meric Casaubon metaphysics More’s Moses natural philosophy Newton original Oxford pagan Parker patristic Petau Philo physicians Platonic Platonists Plutarch Pythagoras Pythagorean Quantin reading religion Renaissance Royal Society Sabians Scaliger scholarly scholars scholarship scripture seventeenth-century Sherburne sigs Sloane Socinianism soul sources Spencer Stanley Stanley’s Stillingfleet theology Theophilus Gale theory Thomas tradition translation trinitarian Trinity Vossius Zoroaster