Disembodying Women: Perspectives on Pregnancy and the Unborn

Voorkant
Harvard University Press, 1993 - 126 pagina's

In earlier times, a woman knew she was pregnant when she experienced "quickening"--she felt movement within her. Today a woman relies on what she sees in a test result or a digital sonogram image to confirm her pregnancy. A private experience once mediated by women themselves has become a public experience interpreted and controlled by medical professionals. In Disembodying Women Barbara Duden takes a closer look at this contemporary transformation of women's experience of pregnancy. She suggests that advances in technology and parallel changes in public discourse have refrained pregnancy as a managed process, the mother as an ecosystem, and the fetus as an endangered species.

Drawing on extensive historical research, Duden traces the graphic techniques-from anatomists' drawings to woodcuts to X rays and ultrasound-used to "flay" the female body and turn it inside out. Emphasizing the iconic power of the visual within twentieth-century culture, Duden follows the process by which the pregnant woman's flesh has been peeled away to uncover scientific data. Lennart Nilsson's now famous photographs of the embryo published in Life magazine in the mid-1960s stand in stark contrast to representations of the invisible unborn in medieval iconography or sixteenth-century painting. Illumination has given way to illustration, ideogram to facsimile, the contemplative intuition of the body to a scientific analysis of its component parts.

New ways of seeing the body produce new ways of experiencing the body. Because technology allows us to penetrate that once secret enclosure of the womb, the image of the fetus, exposed to public gaze, has eclipsed that of woman in the public mind. Society, anxious about the health of the global environment, has focused on protecting "life" in the maternal ecosystem, in effect, pitting fetus against mother.

Duden's reading of the body lends a unique historical and philosophical perspective to contemporary debate over fetal rights, reproductive technologies, abortion, and the right to privacy. This provocative work should reinvigorate that debate by calling into question contemporary certainties and the policies and programs they serve to justify.

 

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Disembodying women: perspectives on pregnancy and the unborn

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In collecting 17 papers she had presented at professional meetings, Duden here aims to "enable the nonacademic reader to listen in on . . . well-read and passionately interested friends.'' Her main ... Volledige review lezen

Inhoudsopgave

Introduction
1
The Lost Horizon
5
The Nilsson Effect
11
The Average Fetus in Harlem
25
Joanne and Susan
30
How the Body Became a Showcase
34
A Skeptical Discipline
43
The Public Fetus
50
The Neoplasm in the Entrails
73
Quickening and the Kings Mistress
79
Fluxes and Stagnations
83
Hapsis and Opsis
89
The Uterine Police
94
Synthetic Life
99
The Blue Disk and the Pink Disk
107
Notes
113

The Legal Status of the NotYet
56
The Tailors Wife
62
The Thought Collective and the Construction of Reality
67

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Over de auteur (1993)

Barbara Duden is Professor of Social Sciences at Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universitat, Frankfurt, Germany.

Bibliografische gegevens