Cambridge University Press, 26 okt. 1990 - 302 pagina's
James Reason has produced a major theoretical integration of several previously isolated literatures in his new book Human Error. Much of the theoretical structure is new and original. Particularly important is the identification of cognitive processes common to a wide variety of error types. Modern technology has now reached a point where improved safety can only be achieved on the basis of a better understanding of human error mechanisms. In its treatment of major accidents, the book spans the disciplinary gulf between psychological theory and those concerned with maintaining the reliability of hazardous technologies. As such, it is essential reading not only for cognitive scientists and human factors specialists, but also for reliability engineers and risk managers. No existing book speaks with so much clarity to both the theorists and the practitioners of human reliability.
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The nature of error
Studies of human error
Performance levels and error types
Cognitive underspecification and error forms
A design for a fallible machine
The detection of errors
Latent errors and systems disasters
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accident achieve action activities acts actual appear associated attentional automatic base basic behaviour calling causes cent Chapter close cognitive common complex concerned considered correct cues decision detection direct effects emergency error types evidence example fact factors failed failures Figure forms frequency function further given groups human error identified immediate important indicate individual intention involved kinds knowledge latter less limited match means mechanisms memory mental mistakes mode nature necessary nuclear observations occur operators output particular performance plant possible predictable present presidents probability problem procedures processes production Psychology question rates Reason relating relatively reliability response result retrieval rules safety selection sequence situation slips solution specific stored structures studies subjects task techniques theory tion units values various