Liberalism After Communism

Voorkant
Central European University Press, 1 jan. 1995 - 216 pagina's
In "Liberalism After Communism" distinguished Polish social scientist Jerzy Szacki discusses the spread of liberalism as the dominant political ideology of Eastern Europe since 1989 and analyses the widespread (but occasionally somewhat beleaguered) belief that the only way forward for the region is through a combination of liberal democracy and free market ideals. He defines liberalism in an East European context - in terms of its historical background, the lack of a liberal tradition in the region and its incompatibility with the communist state. He then goes on to raise the questions of individual autonomy, civil society, economic liberalism and the problems of democratic revolution in East European society, before looking at liberalism's future within the region. The Polish edition was awarded Menzione Speciale by the jury of the Premio Europeo Amalfi, 1994.

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Inhoudsopgave

11 A society without an economy
100
12 Limitations of the idea of civil society
104
13 Is this really protoliberalism?
109
14 The collectivism of Solidarity
111
15 Conclusion
117
Economic Liberalism A Neglected Path of Anticommunism
119
2 Direction of the reorientation
125
3 Various dimensions of the liberal reorientation
134

3 Who is a liberal in Eastern Europe?
24
4 A temperament or a philosophy of life?
26
5 The language of the rights of the individual
31
6 The problem of economic liberalism
36
7 A multitude of liberalisms
39
Historical Background
43
2 The myth of the golden freedom of old Poland
45
3 Economic backwardness and the absence of a liberal tradition
51
4 Noneconomic reasons for the weakness of liberalism
53
5 Liberal ideas in interwar Poland
62
6 Communism versus liberalism
64
Protoliberalism Autonomy of the Individual and Civil Society
73
2 A question about the liberalism of the democratic opposition
74
3 Antipolitical politics
77
4 Autonomy of the individual and individualism
82
5 Collective individualism
84
6 The private and the public
86
7 Towards a civil society
90
8 The problem of the theoretical tradition
93
9 What is civil society?
96
10 Civil society visavis the moral unity of citizens
98
4 Capitalism in a communist state
135
5 How can communism be liquidated?
136
6 A different civil society
140
7 Liberalism as a whip against the left
142
the perspective of the big leap
145
9 Capitalism as an ideological project
147
10 The sin of constructivism
150
11 The allure of authoritarianism
152
12 Pragmatism or etatism
157
13 The legacy of socialist etatism
161
14 The political crossroads of applied liberalism
165
15 Conclusion
169
Does Political Liberalism Exist in Poland?
171
2 Liberalism versus Christian values
177
3 The situational and doctrinal context
188
4 The line of division
194
5 Is dialogue possible?
200
6 The weakness of political liberalism
202
Epilogue
207
Index of Names
214
Copyright

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Populaire passages

Pagina 67 - ... seems to imagine that he can arrange the different members of a great society with as much ease as the hand arranges the different pieces upon a chess board...
Pagina 197 - How is it possible that there may exist over time a stable and just society of free and equal citizens profoundly divided by reasonable though incompatible religious, philosophical, and moral doctrines?
Pagina 20 - Secondly, the principle requires liberty of tastes and pursuits; of framing the plan of our life to suit our own character; of doing as we like, subject to such consequences as may follow; without impediment from our fellow-creatures, so long as what we do does not harm them, even though they should think our conduct foolish, perverse, or wrong.
Pagina 79 - ... conception, which can ultimately be only external, that is, a structural or systemic conception. More than ever before, such a change will have to derive from human existence, from the fundamental reconstitution of the position of people in the world, their relationships to themselves and to each other, and to the universe.
Pagina 89 - Individualism is a calm and considered feeling which disposes each citizen to isolate himself from the mass of his fellows and withdraw into the circle of family and friends; with this little society formed to his taste, he gladly leaves the greater society to look after itself.
Pagina 155 - The civil element is composed of the rights necessary for individual freedom - liberty of the person, freedom of speech, thought and faith, the right to own property and to conclude valid contracts, and the right to justice . . . the institutions most directly associated with civil rights are the courts of justice.
Pagina 66 - The first point we should note is that the so-called rights of man, as distinct from the rights of the citizen, are quite simply the rights of the member of civil society, ie of egoistic man, of man separated from other men and from the community.
Pagina 137 - economic institutions do not exist in a vacuum but rather in a context of social and political structures, cultural patterns, and indeed, structures of consciousness (values, ideas, belief systems).
Pagina 137 - Karl Polanyi, The Great Transformation: The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time, Boston: Beacon Press, 1957; Fernand Braudel, Civilization and Capitalism 15th18th Century, transl. by Sian Reynolds, London: Collins, 1981. 6 The word "lineage...
Pagina 27 - The essence of the Liberal outlook lies not in what opinions are held, but in how they are held : instead of being held dogmatically, they are held tentatively, and with a consciousness that new evidence may at any moment lead to their abandonment. This is the way in which opinions are held in science, as opposed to the way in which they are held in theology.

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