Avalon Publishing, 1998 - 337 pagina's
Providing a thorough introduction to current philosophical views on morality, Normative Ethics examines an act's rightness or wrongness in light of such factors as consequences, harm, and consent. Shelly Kagan offers a division between moral factors and theoretical foundations that reflects the actual working practices of contemporary moral philosophers.The first half of the book presents a systematic survey of the basic normative factors, focusing on controversial questions concerning the precise content of each factor, its scope and significance, and its relationship to other factors. The second half of the book then examines the competing theories about the foundations of normative ethics, theories that attempt to explain why the basic normative factors have the moral significance that they do.Intended for upper-level or graduate students of philosophy, this book should also appeal to the general reader looking for a clearly written overview of the basic principles of moral philosophy.
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accept act consequentialism appeal approach autonomy bargainers basic normative factors best results character traits claim commonsense morality concerning conformity considered constraint course deontological discussion duties endorse ethical egoism evaluative focal point example fact factoral consequentialism factoral level factoral theory foundational consequentialism foundational egoism foundational theories foundational view given act Glinda harm hedonism ideal observer theory interaction principles intrinsic intuitions kind least matter metaethical moral agents moral significance moral status morally required negative duty normative ethics Obviously optimal rules options organ transplant outcome outweigh particular perhaps permissible person philosophy plausible point of view possible presumably prima facie duties primary evaluative focal promise question rational reflection theorist relevant results overall rule consequentialism rule consequentialist rule egoism sacrifice satisficing seems set of rules Shelly Kagan simply someone special obligations suggestion teleological things threshold tion Trolley Problem universalizability test Utilitarianism valid moral rules value theory various violate
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