Passive and Perspective
Rodopi, 1997 - 295 pagina's
The passive construction in Dutch represents a long-standing problem both in linguistics and in written communications. This book proposes a new analysis of the passive in Dutch, integrating insights from theoretical (especially cognitive) linguistics and rhetoric/composition. The point of departure is the observation that the Dutch passive has a demonstrable perspective effect in texts: the passive discourages identification with the agent, and this in fact is the meaning of the Dutch passive construction. This meaning forms the basis for a solution to a number of text problems, including the problem of how to best use the passive in computer manuals.
We can also understand the passive's role in specific texts. For example, it becomes clear why policy paper writers use so many passives. Finally, in one of the case studies it is shown why passives were used differently in the NRC Handelsblad, a Rotterdam daily newspaper, and in the Parool, from Amsterdam, when they both reported that Ajax, Amsterdam's football team, became the national soccer champion.
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The whole is more than the sum of its parts
Door and its causers
The passive in three types of text
percolation with passives of Ppredicates
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
actions active actually agent Ajax alternation analysis animate approach argued argumentative attributed avoid basis become causal causer causing central Chapter characteristics clause clear cognitive combination conceptualization conclusion considered construction context corpus counterpart direct discourse discussed door door-phrase Dutch effect elements English especially event example expected experiment expressed fact factors figure final function given identified impersonal passives implicit important inanimate indicates individual interpretation introduced landmark language lead least linguistic look manuals meaning negative notion occur overt causer P-predicate participant passive passive causer passive's patient percolation perspective position possible predicate present principle problems proposed prototypical question reader reasons refer relation reports responsibility role schema seems seen semantic sentence similar specific speech standpoint structure studies taken theory topic trajector transitivity understand vague verbs werd worden wordt zijn
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