Popular Protest in Late-Medieval Europe: Italy, France and Flanders

Voorkant
Manchester University Press, 2004 - 389 pagina's
The documents in this stimulating volume span from 1245 to 1424 but focus on the 'contagion of rebellion' from 1355 to 1382 that followed in the wake of the plague. They comprise a diversity of sources and cover a variety of forms of popular protest in different social, political and economic
settings. Their authors range across a wide political and intellectual horizon and include revolutionaries, the artistocracy, merchants and representatives from the church. They tell gripping and often gruesome stories of personal and collective violence, anguish, anger, terror, bravery, and
foolishness.

Of over 200 documents presented here, most have been translated into English for the first time, providing students and scholars with a new opportunity to compare social movements across Europe over two centuries, allowing a re-evaluation of pre-industrial revolts, the Black Death and its
consequences for political culture and action.

This book will be essential reading for those seeking to better understand popular attitudes and protest in medieval Europe.

 

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Inhoudsopgave

Introduction
1
BEFORE THE BLACK DEATH 12451348
15
Flanders and Northern France
19
Legislation against strikes in Douai in 1245
20
Inquest at Poperinghe after the rebellion of textile workers in Ypres Ieper 3 April 1280
21
Revolt against the mayor and city council of Rouen in 1281
22
Legislation against strikes for higher wages argument for the swift repression of revolts advice against overtaxing the poor ClermontenBeauvaisis c 1...
23
Revolt of commoners against their masters and the officials of the king Rouen 1291
24
An outsiders view from Florence
173
A minor courtiers view
176
Letter of Étienne Marcel to the Communes of Picardy and Flanders
177
the testimony of Bascot de Mauléon in 1388
178
annulment of penalties meted out to the city of Paris
179
Authorisation given to the chapter of Meaux to close the gates of a street July 1358
181
Remission granted to Jean de Congi bourgeois of the Marché of Meaux
182
Remission granted to Guillaume de Chavenoil priest and canon of Meaux
183

Revolt in Flanders of the people of little wealth 1297
25
Revolt in Bruges and Ghent against the patricians and taxes 1301
26
An Italians account of the revolt of Bruges 12991301
27
Commoners revolt against changes in currency and the rise of rents in Paris 1307
30
Tax revolt in Tournai 1307
32
Revolt of fullers Tournai 1307
35
Chronicon comitum Flandrensium
36
Anciennes Chroniques de Flandre
38
an Italian view
40
Southern France
41
the peoples victory over the aristocracy Florence 1250
44
Tax revolt in Venice 1266 46 24 Tax revolt in Venice 1266
47
the first antimagnate laws in Florence 1293
49
The revolt of the people without underpants Bologna 1289
50
Aristocratic backlash in Florence 1295
51
How the magnates of Florence instigated a revolt to break the People 1295
53
Revolt of disenfranchised gentlemen Venice 1299
55
A Sienese account of Fra Dolcinos movement
56
A riot of butchers and blacksmiths Siena 1318
57
Student solidarity Bologna 1321
60
Of the riots and great turmoil that occurred in the city of Pisa 1322
61
A match of fisticuffs explodes into citywide riots in Siena 1324
62
The political consequences of food shortages in Rome 1928
64
How the Florentines avoided food riots 132830
65
Florentine craftsmen start up clubs and have parties 1333
66
The people topple the Doges in Genoa and Savona 1339
67
The people of Ancona hound out their Magnates 1342
68
The Duke of Athens flies the banner of the people in a lastditch attempt to placate them
70
A streetcorner revolt Florence 1343
72
A riot of wool carders and the lower classes gente minuta explodes in Florence 1343
73
A union of wool workers with a strike fund Florence 1345
74
The popolo minuto of Siena organise secret meetings and revolt
75
The Podestà of Florence condemns the insurgents of Siena 1346
77
Cola di Rienzos revolt of Rome and his rise as champion
79
tribuno of the People 1347
80
Farm workers in the contado of Florence go on strike 1347
81
Southern Italy
82
The villagers of Lauria Basilicata overthrow their governor 1317
85
A peace march by small children in Naples 1347
86
FROM THE BLACK DEATH TO 1378
87
Northern France and Flanders
93
Internecine artisan conflict in Bruges and its resolution 1359
94
The weavers and fullers of Flanders unite 1360
96
Southern France
99
Locals try to rid their region of a band of Tuchins 1367
101
The Tuchins and personal antagonisms in a village outside SaintFlour
102
Tuchins cattle raids and the gang of Guillaume Gracia
104
Village assassins and the early training of a Tuchin
105
Conflict between aristocrats and commoners in the region of Toulouse 1364
106
The people of Carcassonne attack a royal castle 1364
107
Italy
109
A riot of the people cut down to size by the Bentivoglio of Bologna 1350
110
The Roman people popolo kick Luca Savelli out of town 1353
111
The popolo minuto magnates and the emperor boot the Nine out of Siena 1355
112
The organisation of the guilds in the new regime of the Twelve Siena 1955
117
Tax revolt in Ravenna 1357
118
Taxes beyond measure Bologna 1357
120
Conspiracy of artisans workers priests and friars Pisa 1360
121
Independence and resistance of a subject town Montalcino 1359
122
Riot over the cardinals pretty little dog Viterbo 1367
123
A grain riot in Florence because of the high price of bread 1368
124
Regime change in Siena six governments in five months 136869
126
a chroniclers view
129
the judicial records
130
Revolt of the wool workers in Perugia 1371
132
the revolt of the Club of the Caterpillar 1371
133
Domestic servants of the Governor of Cortona attempt to kill him and overthrow the government 1371
135
Overthrow of Papal authority in Cento 1375
136
government of the People 1375
137
the chroniclers view
140
Ascoli creates a government of the People and rebels against the Church 1377
141
THE JACQUERIE
143
Jean le Bel
150
Froissart
155
A view from the Norman clergy
158
A view of a provincial knight
163
The official view of the kings chronicler
166
the chronicler of the abbey of SaintDenis
169
the chronicle of the supposed Jean de Venette
170
An outsiders view from the north of England
172
Remission granted to Hue of Sailleville elected by the villagers of Angicourt as their captain
184
Remission granted to Colart du Four a rebel of the Beauvaisis
185
Remission granted to Jean Hersent who announced Étienne Marcels order to assemble all the men of the region to arm themselves
186
General remission granted to the villagers of Bettancourt and Vroil
187
Remission granted to Jean Morel curate of Blacy who had been forced to follow his parishioners to an assembly of commoners
188
Fragment of a letter of remission mentioning an attempt by Pierre de Montfort to spread revolutionary propaganda in the city of Caen
189
Remission granted to Mahieu de Leurel mason condemned
191
Remission granted to the inhabitants of Amiens concerning
197
A diary of the Ciompi by an anonymous Florentine 197882
206
Petitions granted to artisans and other workers 21 July 1378
238
The revolution betrayed 2729 August 1978
244
THE CLUSTER NORTH OF THE ALPS 197882
261
Northern France and Flanders
267
Crimes committed by the Parisian insurgents particularly
273
The lords try in vain to reimpose the subsidies on the plebes
274
The uprisings at Paris and Rouen because of the subsidies 1382
275
The people of Rouen are punished for their crimes
281
The Parisians refuse the subsidies with a new stubbornness
282
Philippe van Artevelde vigorously urges the Flemings to fight valiantly 1383
285
The French pursue the Flemings as they flee
286
Tax revolts and attacks on Jews in Paris 1380
287
Tax revolts in Picardy 1380
288
The Harelle of Rouen and its ramifications for the commoners of Paris
289
The Harelle according to Pierre Cochon
292
The hammer men of Paris and the spread of tax revolts through Langue doïl
294
The hammer men according to Pierre Cochon
299
The hammer men according to Cousinot le Chancelier
300
The hammer men according to Jean Froissart
301
The eyewitness account of the Florentine Buonaccorso Pitti
302
The troubles in Flanders in 1379 to 1382
303
Ordinance of the three estates of Langue doïl abolishing all the taxes set since the reign of Philippe le Bel
305
Renunciation imposed on the abbey of SaintOuën during the uprising of the Harelle 25 February 13812
306
Charter of Charles VI granting pardon to those of Rouen for the uprising of the Harelle 5 April 13812
307
Charter of Charles VI suppressing the Commune of Rouen
308
Remission to a vendor of vinegar for acts of rebellion during the hammer mens revolt
311
Remission to a furriers journeyman for acts of rebellion during the hammer mens revolt
312
Remission to a poor man for acts of rebellion during the hammer mens revolt
314
An innocent bystander swept up in the crowds of the hammer men
315
Remission to a salt merchant for acts of rebellion during the hammer mens revolt
316
Hammer men pardoned for crimes of rebellion on 1 March 1982
317
Tax revolts in Laon 1380
318
The troubles in SaintQuentin 1380
320
Tax evasion in Dieppe 1382
321
A ropemaker stirs up rebellion in Caen early 1980s
322
Collective fine against the bourgeois and commoners of Caen because of their rebellion early 1980s
323
Eustache Deschampss ballad of the hammer men
324
Southern France 325 Southern France 169 Tax revolt sparked in the cathedral at Le Puy when the Virgin was unveiled 1378
325
A notice of the revolt in Béziers 1381
327
Rebellion in Montpellier according to a local chronicler
328
Revolt of Clermont de Lodève 1379
329
Revolt in Alès 1380
331
Rebellions and raids in the region of Toulouse in 1381 and 1382
332
The ravages of the companies in the Velay
335
Tax revolt in Lyon 1382
336
AFTER THE CLUSTER 13821423
338
How the University of Paris had a big quarrel with Lord Charles of Savoy 1404
341
A student brawl in Orléans 13 November 1408
343
The revolt of the butchers and the people of the wretched estate vil estat of Paris March 1413
344
Rebellion of Paris and the imprisonment of the dukes of Bar and of Bavaria April 1413
345
The first revolt of the Parisians sparked by the most squalid April 1413
346
The laws inspired by the butcher Caboche May 1413
348
Rebellion at ChâlonsenChampagne 1418
349
Southern France
350
Italy
351
Another failed attempt by the Ciompi and the successful counterrevolution by the old families
352
How rioting again erupted in Florence with the Ciompi and those recently recalled from exile arming themselves March 1982
355
How a conspiracy was planned in Florence solely by those of the lower orders gente minuta July 1383
356
a contemporary version from Siena
357
A riot in Perugia to change the regime and in support of the Church July 1392
358
Art and cooptation of the peoples victory Perugia 1992
359
Peasant revolt in Parma 1385
360
A peasant revolt outside Ferrara April 1995
361
Mountain peasants lay siege to the Florentine stronghold of Firenzuola 1402
362
The Florentine state makes major concessions to the mountain rebels of the Alpi Fiorentine 14028
367
Giovanni di Pagolo Morellis version of the mountain rebels 1402
370
Gregorio Datis version of the same
371
Village rivalry near Monte San Savino 1406
372
Village vigilantes seek justice after a monstrous murder of a baby in its crib 1423
374
Suggested reading 376 Suggested reading Index
379

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Over de auteur (2004)

Samuel Kline Cohn, Jr. is Professor of Medieval History at the University of Glasgow.

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