The Cognitive Structure of Emotions

Voorkant
Cambridge University Press, 25 mei 1990 - 207 pagina's
What causes us to experience emotions? What makes emotions vary in intensity? How are different emotions related to one another and to the language used to talk about them? What are the information processing mechanisms and structures that underlie the elicitation and intensification of emotions? Despite an abundance of psychological research on emotions, many fundamental questions like these have yet to be answered. The Cognitive Structure of Emotions addresses such questions by presenting a systematic and detailed account of the cognitive antecedents of emotions. The authors propose three aspects of the world to which people can react emotionally. People can react to events of concern to them, to the actions of those they consider responsible for such events, and to objects. It is argued that these three classes of reactions lead to three classes of emotions, each based on evaluations in terms of different kinds of knowledge representations. The authors characterize a wide range of emotions, offering concrete proposals about the factors that influence the intensity of each. In doing so, they forge a clear separation between emotions themselves and the language of emotion, and offer the first systematic, comprehensive, and computationally tractable account of the cognitions that underlie distinct types of human emotions.
 

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Inhoudsopgave

Introduction
1
The Study of Emotion
3
Types of Evidence for Theories of Emotion
8
Some Goals for a Theory of the Cognitive Structure of Emotions
12
Summary
14
The Structure of the Theory
15
The Organization of Emotion Types
18
Basic Emotions
25
Summary
107
Reactions to Events II
109
Shock and Pleasant Surprise
125
Some Interrelationships Among Prospectbased Emotions
127
Suspense Resignation Hopelessness and Other Related States
131
Summary
132
Reactions to Agents
134
Gratitude Anger and Some Other Compound Emotions
146

Some Implications of the Emotionsasvalencedreactions Claim
29
Summary
33
The Cognitive Psychology of Appraisal
34
Central Intensity Variables
48
Summary
58
Factors Affecting the Intensity of Emotions
59
Global Variables
60
Local Variables
68
Variablevalues Variableweights and Emotion Thresholds
81
Summary
83
Reactions to Events I
85
Loss Emotions and Finegrained Analyses
90
The Fortunesofothers Emotions
92
Selfpity and Related States
106
Summary
154
Reactions to Objects
156
Finegrained Analyses and Emotion Sequences
167
Summary
171
The Boundaries of the Theory
172
Emotion Experiences and Unconscious Emotions
176
Coping and the Function of Emotions
178
Computational Tractability
181
Summary
190
References
193
Author Index
201
Subject Index
204
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