The Politics of Presence
Oxford University Press, USA, 5 okt. 1995 - 209 pagina's
Provides a ground-breaking contribution to the widespread and controversial debate about how disadvantaged groups should be represented in politics. - ;One of the most hotly-debated debates in contemporary democracy revolves around issues of political presence, and whether the fair representation of disadvantage groups requires their presence in elected assemblies. Representation as currently understood derives its legitimacy from a politics of ideas, which considers accountability in relation to declared policies and programmes, and makes it a matter of relative indifference who articulates political preferences or beliefs. What happens to the meaning of representation and accountability when we make the gender or ethnic composition of elected assemblies an additional area of concern? In this innovative contribution to the theory of representation - which draws on debates about gender quotas in Europe, minority voting rights in the USA, and the multi-layered politics of inclusion in Canada - Anne Phillips argues that the politics of ideas is an inadequate vehicle for dealing with political exclusion. But eschewing any essentialist grounding the group identity or group interest, she also argues against any either/or choice between ideas and political presence. The politics of presence then combines with contemporary explorations of deliberative democracy to establish a different balance between accountability and autonomy. -
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1 FROM A POLITICS OF IDEAS TO A POLITICS OF PRESENCE?
2 POLITICAL EQUALITY AND FAIR REPRESENTATION
3 QUOTAS FOR WOMEN
4 RACECONSCIOUS DISTRICTING IN THE USA
5 CANADA AND THE CHALLENGE OF INCLUSION
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
Aboriginal accountability achieving alternative argued argument associated autonomy basis Canada Canadian candidates Cass Sunstein Charter citizens claim commercial signage composition of elected concerns constitutional contemporary context cultural debate decisions deliberation deliberative democracy democratic discussion distinct districts diversity dominant elected assemblies electoral equal or proportionate equal right established example experience fair representation favour Feminism feminists gender parity gender quotas Grofman group interest group representation Guinier Hanna Pitkin Ibid identity inclusion Indian issues justice Kymlicka labour Lani Guinier Latino legitimacy legitimate liberal majority matter Meech Lake Accord minority representation multiculturalism Parti Québécois particularly political agenda political equality political exclusion political parties political presence politicians politics of ideas politics of presence preferences principles problem programmes proportional representation proportionate presence proportionate representation proposals Quebec Québécois racial representative democracy representatives self-government sexual shared society strategy Sunstein Theory under-representation Voting Rights Act women