Thermodynamics of Small Systems, Parts I & II
Courier Corporation, 17 okt. 2013 - 416 pagina's
This authoritative summary of the basics of small system, or nonmacroscopic, thermodynamics was written by the field's founder. Originally published in two volumes, the text remains essential reading in an area in which the practical aim is to derive equations that provide interconnections among various thermodynamic functions.
Part I introduces the basics of small system thermodynamics, exploring environmental variables, noting throughout the ways in which small thermodynamic systems differ operationally from macroscopic systems. Part II explores binding on macromolecules and aggregation, completes the discussion of environmental variables, and includes brief summaries of certain special topics, including electric and magnetic fields, spherical drops and bubbles, and polydisperse systems.
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adsorbed adsorption analogue of Eq binding canonical ensemble Chapter Chem chemical equilibrium chemical potential coefﬁcients colloidal particle completely open component consider crystallite curve deﬁne deﬁnition derivatives differential dilute gas discussion dynamic edition ensemble entropy environmental variables environments equilibrium example experimental extensive properties ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁxed ﬂuctuations follows from Eq free energy Gibbs held constant Hence independent variables inﬁnitely dilute intensive properties intensive variables interaction kTln lattice gas macro macromolecule macroscopic solution macroscopic system macroscopic thermodynamics MATHEMATICS Maxwell relations mean values molal molecules notation obtain one-component open system partition function phase transition pressure quantities quantum refers relations scopic Section 2-3 signiﬁcance single small system small system thermodynamics solvent spherical statistical mechanics surface T. L. Hill temperature theorem theory thermo thermodynamic equations thermodynamic functions tion two-state approximation volume