Reconstructing vegetation diversity in coastal landscapes
Barkhuis, 2 sep. 2014 - 261 pagina's
This dissertation delves into the reconstruction of past vegetation at the most detailed level. It is not the objective to focus solely on the developments in vegetation over time, but to create an image of the landscape that must have been visible to prehistoric people. Landscape and vegetation form a major starting point for the opportunities available in a certain area for a broad scale of human activities including grazing of livestock, cultivating crops and collecting wild plants. The majority of the analyses are based on seeds and fruits (botanical macroremains) from two Dutch prehistoric regions. These are the small river system in the present Flevopolder, home to settlements of the so-called Swifterbant Culture in the Neolithic period (4300 ‒ 4000 BC), and the Frisian-Groningen terp region in the period prior to the endikements (700 BC ‒ c. 1200 AD).
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An objective method based on assemblages of subfossil plant
A pure sample
Why sample ditches?
An experimental study into the effectiveness
A review of prehistoric and early historic mainland salt marsh
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
analysis approach arable weed archaeobotanical archaeological archeologische association brackish Cappers cereal Chapter clay combination compared composition context crop cultivation cultural deposits detailed ditch dung Dutch ecological environment et al example exploitation fact field Figure finds flooding formation frequently fruit grasslands grazing Groningen groups human identified indicate influence interpretation landscape layers less method natural Neolithic Netherlands occur past peat period phytosociology plant communities plant macro-remains Pleistocene pollen possible present present-day preservation probably processing Raemaekers recent reconstruction referred relatively relevťs remains represented result river banks salinity salt marsh samples Schepers sediments seed settlement sheep shows sieve soils species suggested Swifterbant syntaxa Table taxa taxon terp terp region tion TMAP University values vegetation types wetland Zeist zijn