From Bedroom to Courtroom: Law and Justice in the Greek Novel
Barkhuis, 1 jan. 2016 - 284 pagina's
From Bedroom to Courtroom argues that the fictional trial scenes in the Greek ideal romances reflect Roman legal institutions and ideas, particularly relating to family and sexuality. Given the genre's emphasis on love and chastity, the specter of adultery looms over most of the scenarios that develop into elaborate trials. Such scenes shed light on the Greek reception of the criminalization of adultery promulgated by the moral legislation during the reign of Augustus. This book focuses on three major novels whose composition coincided with the extension of Roman citizenship when access to Roman courts was granted to increasing numbers of inhabitants of the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire. Chariton's Callirhoe is interpreted as an artifact of the generation after the implementation of the Augustan moral legislation, particularly its criminalization of adultery. Achilles Tatius' Leucippe and Clitophon was created in a legally pluralistic milieu where shrewd sophists learned to navigate and exploit the interstices between the overlapping jurisdictions of imperial and local law. Finally, Heliodorus' Aethiopica, widely regarded as the masterpiece of the genre, adapts the type-scene of the trial to present a series of case studies of different types of government, culminating in the utopian kingdom of Meroe. Through the novels' melodramatic trial scenes, we can begin to see how the opening of Roman courtroom to Greek-speaking citizens of the Roman Empire stimulated dreams of a world in which universal justice under Rome was wed to Hellenism.
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abduction accusation Achilles Tatius adulteress adultery Aethiopica Aristippus Arsace Artemis assembly Athenian law Athens Attic orations audience Augustan authority bedroom Callirhoe Callirhoe’s century C.E. Chaereas charge Charicleia Charicles Chariton Chariton’s novel citizens claims classical Athens Clinias Clitophon Cnemon confession council court courtroom crime crowd daughter death defense Delphi Demaenete demos Demosthenes Dionysius emperor Ephesus Ethiopian evidence execution father fiction Greek novels guilty Heliodorus Hermocrates husband Hydaspes imperial judge jury justice kill king’s Leucippe Leucippe and Clitophon Leucippe’s literary lover Lysias magistrates marriage married Melite Melite’s Meroe Mithridates Morgan murder narration narrative ordeal patricide penalty Persian king Pharnaces priest procedure protagonists punishment reader rhetorical Roman Empire Roman law satrap sexual Sisimithres slave Sopater Sosthenes speaker speech story Syracuse temple Theagenes Theron Thersander Thersander’s Thisbe Thyamis tion torture trial scene verdict Vilborg vote wife δὲ ἐν καὶ τὴν τῆς τὸ τὸν τοῦ τῶν