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and the young couple were seized at midnight, and conveyed to different places of confinement. Endeavours were used by Mr. Furtado, uncle to Mr. Lara, for their enlargement, but in vain. Mr. Furtado then solicited and obtained the interposition of the British court, which proved effectual.
The persecuted pair now returned to England, but found themselves exposed to fresh mortifications. Mr. X. ftill implacable, again itisred up the Rulers of the Synagogue (who had before been active in feconding his efforts to distress them, while in France) and they were excommunicated, together with the other parties, mentioned in the title page.
On this inflexible procedure of Mr. X. and the overseers, the present Letter is grounded ; and the Writer expoftulates with them in the most severe and sarcaltic terms: representing their conduct as void not only of humanity and justice, but of common sense and prudence. The Letter is well written, and not unentertaining. · Mr. X, makes a most wretched figure in it. The gentlemen of the Synagogue, too, are brought in, to fill up a very contemptible group, as they are here drawn ; but whether the pencil hath been altogether guided by che ftri& hand of justice, is rather to be suspected, as the spirited painter appears to be either a party concerned, or tome warm friend, who hath espoused the cause of persons whom he represents as having been molt injuriously treated. Art. 24. Memoirs of the Life of Foshua Dudley; explaining,
among other Particulars, the Motives of his pretended Discovery of the Persons concerned in setting Fire to the Dock-Yard at Portsmouth, in July 1770. Written by Himself. 8vo.. i s. Bladon. 1772
. Dudley is just such another Rogue as the late notorious Jonathan Britain ; and like him, being in distress, happened to pitch on the same expedient to get himself extricated, viz. by imposing on the Government and the public, a pretended discovery of the yet unknown cause of the late conflagration in Portsmouth Dock:-of which neither Britain nor Dudley, by their own fubfequent confeffons, knew any thing more than Jonathan Wild, or Jack Shepherd, who were haoged forty years ago. Art. 25. The Complete Hor fernan; or, The Art of Riding made
eafy: Illustrated by Rules drawn from Nature, and confirmed by Experience ; with Directions to the Ladies to fit gracefully, and ride with Safety. By Charles Hughes, Professor of Horsemanship, at his Riding-School near Black-Friars-Bridge.
I S. Newberry.
Parloined, chiefly, from Thomson's Rules for bad Horsemen *; with the addition of a few plates, representing Mr. and Mrs. Hughes, mounted in their several attitudes, so admirably contrived for breaking the necks of those who may be ambitious of imitating such Harlequin Horsemanship.
1 2 mo.
See Review, Vol. xxvii. p. 315.
Thomson's is an excellent little tract, and cannot fail of being very useful to those who are not well grounded in Horsemanship,
Art. 26. The Queen of Denmark's Account of the late Revolution,
&c. Written while her Majesty was a Prisoner in the Castle of Cronenburg. 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Wheble.
A piece of authorship. Art. 27. Letters of ibe Marchioness de Pompadour ; from 1746 to 1751.
2 s. 6 d. sewed. Cadell, 1772. We are assured in the previous advertisement, 'that these Letters are the genuine effufions of the same original, Englished by the same Editor, nay, printed by the same printer, as those of the former pub. lication.'--Of the former publication we gave our Readers an account in the Review for January last; to which we now refer, for our conjectures with regard to the authenticity of these Letters.
The Editor adds, that' had he known earlier of this firit part, the second would not have appeared before it; but finding it, when offered him, no less worthy his care, he imagines the public will find it no less worthy its' perufal.-Nor can it (he adds) but be pleasing, in whatever order, to observe Madam Pompadour's first fix years as brilliant as the following twelve, or that elevated genius of a piece from the beginning to the end of her reign.'
Whatever literary merit the series of letters contained in the former publication may possess, we think, with our Editor, that the present correspondence is by no means of inferior worth. It abounds with sensible remarks, agreeable sallies of imagination, and notable anecdotes ; and may (so far as the Reader can consider it as genuine) contribute to give the public a very advantageous opinion of this celebrated Lady's mental abilities. Art. 28. Observations on the Popery Laws. 8vo.
I s. 6 d. Murray. 1772. In the days of Queen Anné there were weighty reasons for the enactment of the Popery Laws; but it is now a prevailing opinion that these reasons no longer subfift; and that the legal severity exer. cised against Papists ought, of conscquence, to be remitted. When maxims of state do not require it, it is asked, Why fhould we persecute a great body of men ? And it is maintained, that it would be a wiser it rain of policy to gain them over to the state by moderation; that the low condition of the Irish is almost solely to be ascribed to the destructive disabilities which oppress its Popish inhabitants ; that it is imposlible to think of this circumftance without censuring the remifiness and inattention of our ministers and statesmen; and that if our rulers are disposed to pay little respect to the natural rights of men, or to justice, they should yet be guided by the rules of good policy. Admitting the truth of these asumptions, which we cannot undertake to refute, we thall only add, that according to the representation of facts contained in this publication, it seems apparent that the abolition of the Popery Laws, while it might conci. liate to government the affections of the Roman Catholics, would give induitry, wealth, and population to Ireland. The tract is written with great judgment, and with much force of expression.
Which, we think, we have seen advertised as the third volume.
Art. 29. Fumifugium ; or, The Inconveniencies of the Air
and Smoke of London diffipated, &c. 4to. 35. 6 d. White. 1772.
Mr. Evelyn, a gentleman well known in the philofophical and literary world, is the Author of this work, which was firit published in 1661 ; and to the hints contained in it, we are perhaps obliged, in a considerable degree, for the many improvements which have been gradually making in our metropolis, from the days of Charles II. to those of George Ill. Art. 30. The History and Antiquities of Rochester and its Environs :
To which is added, a Description of the Towns, Villages, Gentlemens Seats, &c. fituated on or near the Road from London to Margate, Deal, and Dover. Embellished with Copper-Plates. 12mo. 3 $. 6 d. Crowder, &c.
1772. Froón a cursory inspection of this Compilement, it appears to be executed with judgment, and even with a degree of tatte,- which is not usually seen in books of this kind. It really seems to be an entertaining performance. - In a prefatory advertisement, the Author acknowledges his great obligations to Thorpe's Regiftrum Roffinle, a large and curious work, in folio, published a few years ago. He also expresses his gratitude to the Rev. Mr. Austen of Rochelter; and to other ingenious and learned contributors, whose names he found himself not at liberty to mention. Art. 31. The Theatrical Review; or, New Companion to the i Playhouse : Containing a Critical and Historical Account of every Tragedy, Comedy, Opera, Farce, &c. exhibited at the Theatres during the last season. With Remarks on the Actors who performed the principal Characters. Interspersed with occafional Reflections on Dramatic Poetry in general; the Characters of the best English Dramatic Authors ; and Observations on the Conduct of the Managers. By a Society of Gentlemen, independent of Managerial Influence. 12 mo.
6 s. Crowder, &c. 1772.
These Theatrical Criticisms have already appeared, in detail, in the Public Ledger; and, collectively, in this republication, may be recommended to the generality of those who are fond of dramatic amusements, as an agreeable and entertaining book,
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 32. Letters of Mr. the Abbot of ***, Ex. Professor
of the Hebrew Language in the University of ***, to Mr. Kennicott, of the Royal Society in London, and Member of the College of Exeter in the University of Oxford. Translated from the French, izmo. 2 9. 6 d. fewed. Paris printed ; fold by Johna fon, in Church-Row, London.
1772. This severe attack upon Dr. Kennicott is not recommended by the care and accuracy either of the translator or the printer : what degree of truth and weight there may be in the arguments which are offered by the doctor's antagonist, has been already intimated in the
• The Tranflator, indeed, appears from the ungrammatical imper. fection of his English to be a Foreigner. Riv. Sept. 17726
52d Article of our Catalogue for April. Certain it is, that a work of the kind in which Dr. Kennicott is engaged may be objected to and cavilled at without great difficulty : It is also certain, that all pollible precaution and diligence are requisite in him and his fellowTabourers, not only from a regard to their own reputation, but ca account of the great importance of the undertaking.
Should the Doctor be displeased by this attack, our Author tells us, 'it would give him much concern : “ However, it is added, be has a remedy at hand"; namely, that of answering me, and resolving the trifling difficulties F propole to him. I defire him for his own interett's fake, to do me that honour. There is nothing more wanting to his glory, than to force a French hebrewift to be filent; and I 'will surely be so, if, as I doubt not, he alledges to me such solid seasons as those he has made use of to destroy the English hebrewit.It must be known that Dr. Kennicott has reduced his antagonists to filence, by the sole weight of his authority, giving no other reason and ansiver, than that his time appertains to ihe publici
This Writer objects to the insufficiency of the greatest part of the manuscripts employed in the Doctor's collation, because he thinks it not unlikely that before the invention of the press 'there were in Farope a smaller number of manuscripts than there are at present; but when it was found that they were every where sought for in order to compare them with the printed copy, then, he adds, “ As soon as it was known that some advantage could be got from it, millions of them appeared; and as they have had the art of dressing and beauty, fying them in the garb of a decrepid old age, they have been regarded with the most singular veneration, and the curious have paid for them at the weight of gold. This was what the copyist aimed at.'
It is farther objected by this anonymous abbot of Ihree flars, that the collation, fo much recommended, is in great measure a feless, fince it is acknowledged that the errors supposed to be in the text are found in places that are not immediately requisite to the faith and practice of mankind; the tenets and morals, fays he, being irrevocably established, nothing looks fo awkward as to come and fatigue the mind of a christian, to let him know, that in such a word that has no connection at all with his faith, nor the business of his falvation, there is a letter omitted, added or transposed.' But it should be observed, that the work here brought under examination, may be of great use to clear up the fenfe and meaning of several obscure paisages, which, though they do not immediately relate to faith or practice, may neverthelets have real and considerable importance.
This Author, whoever he is, has himself collected several vari. ations, and here prefents them to the Reader, with a view of thewing of how little fignificance they are: , besides this, he charges Dr. Kennicott's work with being fuperficial: He calls him to account concerning the persons employed in his collation, fome of whom he describes as not very likely to be qualified for such a business: He also enquires afier the subscriptions, concerning which he observęs, • Methinks you should be satisfied of the list you affect to cffer to the public at the end of cach of the states of your collation, much more as I presume, there would be a great deal to abate, were you to give the ltate of the expences, you declare with so much noise, for the
employing of learned men. However don't charge in your account the deceased M. L'Advocat, for neither he, nor the young men he employed for your sake, did ever receive any emolument for their touble.'
These are heavy censures : and it may be asked how this foreigner came to be so well acquainted with some circumftances which he mentions: It may be suspected that there is envy or resentment in the case, or some other secret and unjustifiable motive which produces all these invectives: Be that as it may; Is it not imposible but Dr. Keanicott may be able to avail himself of some of the hints, however unkindly intended, which are thrown out in this invective performance ? Art
. 33. Sermons on different Subjects. By the late Rev. John Jortin, D. D. Archdeacon of London, Rector of St. Dunstan in the East, and Vicar of Kensington. 8vo. Vols. 5, 6, and 7. 15 s. bound. White. 1772. Of the four preceding volumes of Dr. Jortin's posthumous sermons, we gave our Readers an account, with proper fpecimens, in the Review for May, 1771. That article, together with the celebrity of the learned Author's name and character, will be deemed fufficient to supersede the necessity of a very particular or copious account of the present additional publication.
To the sermons here given to the public, are added, a tract on the doctrine of a future state, as it may be collected from the Old Teftament; and four charges to the clergy of the archdeaconry of London. In the first of these pieces, Dr. Jortin endeavours, with success answerable to his considerable share of learning, and critical acumen, to evince that * The doctrine of a future itate of retribution seems not to be promulgated in the Old Teitament, nor made a fanction of the Mosaic law, nor taught directly and fully; but that it is implied and supposed throughout, and may be proved by inferences justly drawn and ftri&tly conclufive. And hence, says he, it came to pass, that the Jews were divided into the fects of the Pharisees and Sadducees. The former admitted the doctrine of a future state, as deducible from many passages in the sacred Books ; the Sadducees rejected it, because they could not find any texts titat absolutely required a belief of it. But, the Doctor adds
, in the gospel it is to plainly affirmed, that christians; divided in other points
, have agreed in expecting another life.'– This is a subject equally curious and important; and is treated in fo fatisfactory a manner, that we cannot but recommend the Doctor's performance to the serious attention of those who may have embraced the Mani. chean principles, or have adopted the sentiments of some modern freethinkers, in relation to the Jewish syitem.
The continued subject of the Doctor's four charges to the clergy of the archdeaconry of London, are, The use and importance of Eccleji. altical Hiffory; in which we find curious remarks on the origin and Progress of
popery, and on the origin and progress of the refora mation.—Dr. Jortin was, on the whole, a man of liberal sentiments; but then, as he was also a zealous protestant, and a fincere advocate for the right use and cultivation of our reasoning faculties,-fu he mortaily S 2