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and cold ;
OLD EDITION. The sales with Springs were water'd, or Ére mountains, woods, or fireams adorn'd
the globe, Of cak or pine the ancient hills were Or wisdoin taught the Fons of men her crown'd;
lore ; Then the great Spirit, whom his works Then liv'd th' almighty One : then deep adore
retir'a Within his own deep essence view'd the In his unfathom'd efience, view'd the forms;'
forms, The forms eternal of created things; The forms eternal of created things; The radiant fun; the moon's nocturnal The radiant sun, the moon's pocturnal Jamp;
lamp, The mountains and the Areams; the am- The mountains, woods and dreams, the ple Rores
rolling globe, Of earth, of heaven, of nature. From And wildom's mien celestial. From the the first,
first On that full scene his love divine he foxid, Of days, on them his love divine he fix'd, His admiration. Till, in time compleat, His admiration: cill in time compleat, What be admir'd and lov'd his vital power Whac he admir'd and lov'd, his viral smile Unfolded into being. Hence the breath Unfolded into being. Hence the breath Of life informing each organic frame : Of lite informing each organic frame, Hence the green earth, and wild-resuund- Hence the green carth, and wild resound.
ing waves : Heace light and shade, alternate ; warmth Hence light and shade alternate; warmth
and cold; And bright autumnal skies, and vernal And clear autumnal skies and vernal Thowers,
Chow'rs, And all the fair variety of things.
And all the fair variety of things. But not alike to every mortal eye
But not alike to every mortal eye Is chis great scene unveil'd. For while Is this great scene unveil'd. For since the claims
the claims Of social life to different labours urge Of social life, to diff'rent labours urge The active powers of man, with wilest The active pow'rs of man; with wise
intent Hath nature on the muliitude of minds The hand of nature on peculiar minds Imprefl'd a various bias; and to each Imprints a diff'rent byais, and to each Decreed its province in the common toil. Decrees its province in the common coil. To some fe caught the fabric of the To fome me, taught the fabric of the Iphere,
sphere, The changeful moon, the circuit of the The changeful moon, the circuit of the itars,
(gave The golden zones of heaven. To some The golden zones of heay'n: to some the
To weigh the moment of eternal things, To search the story of eternal thought, Of time, and Space, and fate's unbroken Of space, and time; of Fate's unbroken chain, chain,
And will's quick impulse: others by the And will's quick movement. Others by hand
(plore the band
She led o'er vales and mountains, to exShe led o'er vales and mountains, to ex- What healing virtue swells the tender veins plore
Of herbs and flow'rs; or what the beams What healing virtue dwells in every vein of morn Of herbs or trees. But fome to nobler Draw forth, distilling from the clifted rind hope 3
In balmy tears. But some, to higher hopes Were deftin'd; some within a finer mould Were destin'd; fome within a finer mould She wrought, and temper*d with a purer She wrought, and temper'a with a parer Alame.
Alame, To these the fire omnipotent unfolds, To these the fire omnipotent unfolds In fuller aspects and with fairer lights, The world's harmonious volume, there to This picture of the world. Thro' every read part
The transcript of himself. On every part They trace the lofty sketches of his hand: They trace the bright imprefiions of him la carch or air, the meadow's flowery hands dores,
In earth or air, the meadow's purple ftores The
G & 3
OLD EDITION. The moon's mild radiance, of the virgin's The moon's mild radiance, or the virgin's mien
(tray'd form Dress’d in attractive smiles, they see por- Blooming with sofy Smiles, they see por. (As far as mortal eyes the portrait scan) tray'd Thore lineaments of beauty which delight That uncreated beauty which delights The mind supreme. They also feel their The mind supreme. Tbey also feel her force
charms, Enamour'd: they partake the eternal joy. Enamour'd ; they partake th' eternal joy. For as old Memnon's image long re. For as old Memnon's image, long 16. nown'd
nown'd Thro' fabling Egypt, at the genial touch By fabling Nilus, to th' quiv'ring touch Of morning, from its inmot frame seat of Titan's ray, with each repulfive frioz forth
Consenting, rounded thro' the warbling als Spontaneous music; so doth nature's hand, Unbidden ftrains; even so did Nature's To certain attributes which matter claims, band Adapt the finer organs of the mind : To certain species of external things, Sothe glad impulse of those kindred powers Attune the finer organs of the mind : (of form, of colour's cheerful pomp, of So the glad impulse of congenial pow'rs, found 3
Or of sweet found, or fair-proportion' Melodious, or of motion aptly sped)
form, Detains the enliven'd fenfe; till soon the The grace of motion, or the bloom of soul
light, Feels the deep concord and afTents thro'all Thrills thro' imagination's tender frame, Her functions. Then the charın by fate From nerve to nerve : all naked and alive prepar'd
They catch the spreading rays: till now Diffuseth its inchantment. Fancy dreams, the soul Rapt into high discourse with prophets old, At length discloses every tuneful spring, And wandering through Elysium, fancy To that harmonious movement from with. dreams
(groves, out, of sacred fountains, of o'ershadowing Responsive. Then the inexpressive il rain Whose walks with godlike harmony rea Dittores its inchantment: fancy dreams found :
(groves, Of sacred fountains and Elyfian groves, Fountains, which Homer visits; happy And vales of bliss: the intellectual pow': Where Milton dwells. The intellectual Bends from his awful throne a wond'ring power,
ear, On the mind's throne, suspends his graver And smiles : the palfions gendy footh'd And smiles. The paflions to divine repote, away, Persuaded yield : and love and joy alone Sink to divine repose, and love and joy Are waking love and joy, such as await Alone are waking; love and joy, serene An angel's meditation. O! attend, As airs that fan the summer. O! attend, Whoe'er thou art, whom these delights Whoe'er thou art, whom these delights can touch;
can touch, Whom nature's aspect, nature's simple garb Whole candid borom the refining love Can thus command; O! listen to my fong; Of nature warms, 0! listen to my long; And I will guide thee to her blissful walks, And I will guide thee to her fav’rite walks, And teach thy folicude her voice to hear, And teach thy folitude her voice to hear, And point her gracious features to thy And point her loveliest features to aby view.
view.' The second book is very different from the second book of the preceding editions. The difference, indecd, is so great that they cannot be compared together. The Author enters into a display of truth and its three classes, matter of fact, exo perimental or scientifical truth, and universal truth. He treats, likewile, of virtue as existing in the divine mind, of human virtue, of vice and its origin, of ridicule, and of the pallions. What he hath said upon the subject of ridicule is greatly and advantageously reduced from what it was in the former copies, He has omitted, also, the allegorical vision, which heretofore
constituted a principal part of the second book. That vision we have always considered as being attended with Tome degree of obscurity ; but yet we should have been much better pleased with an improvement of it, than with its being totally rejected The poetical character of the second book; as it now ftands, is corrcét, fevere, moral, and noble; but to us it appears less touching, less striking, less enchanting than it was before.
We Thall only trantcribe a few lines from the beginning of this book :
The third book is an episode, in which Solon, the Athenian lawgiver, is the chief character ; and the design of it seems to be to thew the great influence of poetry, in enforcing the cause of Liberty: 'This part is entirely new, and if it had been finished, would have proved a beautiful addition to the poem.
As the transcribing of any more passages would take up too much room, we must refer our Readers to the work itself, in order to enable them to form a complete judgment of the Author's improvements and enlargements, so far as they were care ried into execution.
All things confidered, we cannot but greatly regret that Dr. Akenlide did not live to compleat his design. We should, nevertheless, have been forry to have had the original poem entirely superseded. Whatever are its faults, we find in it a brightnels and a brilliancy of imagination, and a certain degree of enthufiasm, which the Doctor doth not seem to have pofíefled, in equal vigour, in the latter part of his life. Years, and a close application to scientific studies, appear, in fome measure, to have turned his mind from sound to things, from fancy to the understanding.
We cannot avoid giving the Editor's short account of Dr. Akenfide :
· The Author of these poems was born at Newcastle upon Tyne, on the gth day of November, 1721. He was educated at the grammar-school at Newcastle, and at the universities of Edinburgh and Leyden, at the latter of which he took his degree of Doctor in Phyfic. He was afterwards admitted by mandamus to the degree of Doctor in Physic in the university of Cambridge : elected a Fellow of the Royal College of Phyfi
. cians, and one of the Physicians of St. Thomas's Hospital : and upon the eftablishment of the Queen's household, appointed one of the Physicians to her Majesty. He died of a putrid fever, on the 23d day of June, 1770, and is buried in the parish church of St. James's, Westminster.
The frigidity of this account must be disguftful to every Reader who is endued with the least portion of sensibility. The lives of literary men do not, indeed, often furnish a variety of incidents; and in the present case, a regular piece of biography, drawn out at length, was not perhaps requifite. But the Nightest sketch might have contained some traits of character, some indications of affection, fome marks of regret that such a genius should be suddenly carried off, without having executed his Jaudable intentions. Surely Dr. Akenside merited a better memorial from the hand of his Friend !
This edition contains the Pleasures of Imagination, according to the old impressions; the Pleasures of Imagination, in its imperfeet State, upon the improved plan; the two books of
Odes; the Hymns to the Naiads, first published in Dodsley's Miscellanies; and fome Inscriptions, the three last of which are new.
The edition is a very beautiful one, worthy of the Author, and does honour to the Editor.
ART. VI. A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of Win,
chefer, in the year 1772. By Thomas Balguy, D, D. Archdeacon. 4to. IS, Davis. THIS Charge contains some passages which we are sorry
to see conveyed from the pen of any Protestant writer, and surprized to see from the pen of Dr. Balguy. It relates entirely to the Petitioning Clergy, and is introduced in the folo, lowing manner :
The late attack on our ecclesiastical establishment deserves our most serious attention : not for the sake of censuring our adversaries, much less of insulting them on their disappointment; but that we may satisfy ourselves, by a fair and impartial enquiry, whether truth and reason be with us, or against us, when we demand subscription to articles of religion.
Let not this enquiry be confounded with another of a quite different nature. It is one thing to reform, it is another thing to abolish, a national Church. Neither the truth nor the importance of the articles of the Church of England is any way concerned in the present debate. The complaint made is general; the relief expected is not the improvement of our prefent articles, but the removal of all.- Nothing less will be accepted by the Petitioners, than an admission into the ministry and the preferments of the Church, without subscription to any human formulary whatsoever.
i They who understand the nature of their own petition, will readily agree with me, that the question between us amounts only to this,—Whether it be fit for government to emplay and reward equally the ministers of all religions, or to support one religion only, and tolerate the rest.-Let us examine the reafons on both sides.- If then the magistrate supports, without distinction, every form of religion ; we say, these three consequences will be unavoidable; 1. He must support oppofte religions. 2. He must support hurtful religions. 3. He must fupport such religions as are directly subver five of his own authority.'
In endeavouring to shew that these consequences are unavoid. able, the Doctor advances several things, which few Protestants, we apprehend, will allow : he takes care, however, at the same time, to express his sentiments in such general, and, sometimes,