Art. 43. A Syftem of Pleading. Including a Tranflation of the Doctrina placitandi; or, The Art and Science of Pleading: originally written by Samfon Eves, Serjeant at Law, and now first tranflated from the obfolete Norman French. Shewing where, in what Cafes, and by what Perfons, Pleas, as well perfonal, or mixed, may be properly pleaded with References to, and Extracts from, the molt approved Writers on that Subject, carefully digefted under their proper Titles, and brought into one collective Point of View. Together with an Introduction, explaining the different Terms made Ufe of in the Proceedings of each refpective Court; alío a Preface and Table. By a Gentleman of the Middle Temple. 4to. 18 s. bound. Owen.

This verbose title fufficiently indicates the contents of the work. In the execution it required no great exertion of ability. Let none, however, withhold from the Editor, the praife due to his industry.


Art. 44. Illuftrations of Mafonry. 4 s. 6 d. Bound. Wil

liams. 1772.

Although we are not in the fecrets of Free-Mafonry, we have been entertained by the prefent well-written panegyrical view of this celebrated fraternity. It is compiled by a "Brother William Preston;" published with the approbation of the Society; and includes fome new particulars. Among thefe we have an account of the Grand Gala, held in honour of Masonry, at the Crown and Ancher, in May laft, with Mr. Prefton's Oration delivered on that occafion; and which is by no means an inelegant compofition.

Art. 45. A Treatise on English Shooting; under the following Heads; Of the Knowledge of a good Fowling-piece; the ordering and managing the Fowling-piece; the appendages of the Fowling-piece; the Choice of Powder, Shot and Flints; of Partridge Shooting, with the Choice of ordering of Pointers; of Pheafant Shooting, with the ordering Spaniels; of Woodcock Shooting; of Snipe Shooting; of Water and Fen-Fowl Shooting; and the Ufe of proper Dogs; of Upland Winter Shooting; with neceffary Obfervations for the young Sportfman when out and returning Home. By George Edie, Gent. 8vo. I S. Cooke.


The contents of this finall Pamphlet are fufficiently fpecified in the title, and as far as we, who are not to be fuppofed connoiffieurs in this way, are capable of judging, the inftruction and directions which are given, are plain, proper and ufeful. Mr. Edie appre hends that a complete work of this kind has long been wanted; he has endeavoured to render his performance concife; and he hopes it may prove beneficial to the young fportfman, who seems to us to be obliged to him for the rules and advice he gives concerning an exercife which is, to numbers, a pleafing, and to fome a prohtable diverfion.


Art. 46. The Byftander. 8vo. Is. Hingefton. 1772. A fatirical reprefentation of a private fquabble between a clergyman in the country, on the one part, and two men of law on the other. The behaviour of the latter is placed in a very ridiculous light; but we do not fee the propriety of troubling the public with any thing upon the fubject.

Art. 47. Grammatical Remarks on the practical and vulgar Dialet of the Indoftan Language, commonly called Moors. With a Vocabulary, English and Moors. The Spelling according to the Perfian Orthography. Wherein are References between Words refembling each other in Sound, and different in their Significations; with literal Tranflations and Explanations of the compounded Words and circumlocutory Expreflions, for the more eafy attaining the Idiom of the Language. The whole calculated for the common Practice in Bengal. By Captain George Hadley. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. Cadel. 1772.

This Work appeared fome time ago in a more imperfect form and it ftill requires very confiderable improvements. It may be of fome ufe, however, in Bengal, till a publication of merit on a fimilar plan is fubmitted to the Public.

Art. 48. The Odds of the Game of Billiards. Small Size, for the Pocket. TS. Bladon, &c. 1772.

The Author, or Editor, affures his Readers, that the calculations here offered to the public are the refult of many years ftudy; and that every one of them is a juft one. The utility, therefore, of this, little pocket companion to the billiard-table, will be too evident to the lovers of the game, to require any farther explanation. To the tables of calculation, are added, a few rules neceffary to be attended to by the players.

Art. 49. The Recantation and Confeffion of Do&tor Kenrick, LL.D. 4to. IS. Allen. 1772.

A piece of humour, founded on the late abufe of Mr. Garrick, in the poem entitled Love in the Suds, and on a fubfequent apologetical advertisement figned W. Kenrick: it is a very laughable performance, though Dr. K. (who is molt feverely treated in it) will hardly think fo; and it will naturally remind its Readers of the dire misfortunes of Edmund Curl, fo humorously fet forth in Swift's mifcellanies. Art. 50. Mifcellanies. By the late R. Dodfley, Vol. II. 8vo. 5s. bound. Dodley. 1772.


This volume contains the late Mr. Dodfley's tragedy of Cleone, his poem entitled Melpomene, his Agriculture, a poem, and his Oeconomy of Human Life. The laft mentioned performance was generally given, to Lord Chesterfield, at the time of its firft appearance; but the public are often felf-duped in affairs of this kind. We have given an account, of thefe feveral pieces, as they came out; and we hope juftice was done to their respective merits, which were not deemed inconfiderable." Their Author was an ingenious and a worthy man; and we are glad to fee his writings thus collectively revived. His firft volume is well known by its modeft title of Trifles.

* See our Rev. Vol. xliv. p. 169.

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Art. 51. The Rural Chriftian; or the Pleafures of Religion. An allegorical Poem; in four Books. To which are added, Sylvan Letters; or the Benefits of Retirement. By a YOUNG GENTLEMAN. 8vo. 3 s. bound. Buckland, 1772.

The piety, but not the poetry of this young Inftructor of the public is greatly to be commended. He appears to be an imitator of the manner of Dr. Gibbons, who is himself an imitator, at a modeft diftance, of the late ingenious Dr. Watts.

The Letters fubjoined to the Poem are likewife of a devout and moral tendency; and may be read with advantage by the youth of both fexes, provided they take up the book before they have acquired tafte enough to diftinguish between the crude productions of a juvenile Writer, and the compofitions of thofe Authors who are juftly diftinguished for folidity of thought and elegance of expreffion. Art. 52. The Servant's Book of Knowlege, containing Tables of Wages, ready caft up; together with Tables for Marketing, &c. &c. By Anthony Heafel. To which are added plain and eafy Inftructions for Servants of both Sexes. Including several Articles never before published. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Cooke. 1773.

In compilements of this fort there are always many fuperfluities; but, ftill, they contain fome ufeful directions, and will certainly furnish more profitable employment for the leifure hours of fervants than the ballads and ftory books to which their ftudies are ufually confined.

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I. The diflint Claims of Government and Religion confidered. Before the honourable Houfe of Burgeffes, at Williamsburg in Virginia, March 1, 1:72. Ey S. Henly, Profeffor of Moral Philofophy, in William and Mary College. 4to. 1 s. Davies, &c.

This Sermon, imported from America, and dedicated to Mr. Jebb of Cambridge, represents the refpective claims of religion and government, and thews, with precifion and fpirit, as far as the limits of fuch a difcourfe would admit, how truly they are diftinct from each other. Indeed one would fuppofe, that the natural reafonings of a man's own mind fhould almost immediately convince him, that no human authority could justly extend to his private thoughts and opinion, or have any jurifdiction over him in matters of confcience, fo long as he continues a peaceable and regular member of fociety. Publications on this fubject, have lately been, as was to be expected, very numerous; of which indeed there is, upon the whole, no reafon to complain: as it is greatly to be wished, not only that fo important a point fhould be freely difcuffed, but also that an acquaintance with the rights of confcience, and of religious liberty, fhould be as widely diffufed as poffible; to which we may add, nothing appears more favourable than a thorough knowledge of the doctrine of Jefus, and the temper infpired by his Gofpel.

The Author of this Difcourfe is a warm advocate for religious freedom; he greatly admires Sydney, Milton, Locke; and is offended with Dr. Hallifax for having fpoken with fome kind of contempt of the first of thofe eminent perfons. It would give me pain, fays he, in a note upon this fubject, to have it imagined that had treated Dr. Hallifax too harshly; but I cannot rettrain my indignation, when

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I fee the puny fons of thefe filken days, thus wantonly trample upon the most venerable characters that have ever adorned humanity." The writings,' he adds, of thofe great men, though neglected in, this age of refinement, will never be forgotten, fo long as there remains the leat taste for what is great and manly.'

The following extract will afford our Readers a further view of this Writer's manner:

'As fociety cannot be injured but by actions which violate its property or peace, those who demean themselves honeftly and orderly ought not to be molested, on account either of their fentiments or worship. If these fentiments and this worship be the efflux of fincerity and devotion, abfurd as they may be, God will approve them : the more fuch perfons abound in every community, the better will that community become.

If it be objected, that unless Government intereft itself in behalf of religion, it will foon be excluded the world. May we not afk, Whether it be in obedience to the laws of the state that the fun arifeth, of that the moon walketh in brightness ?-Hath Deity need of human invention to uphold his empire? How arrogant a worm is man! Yet, in confequence of this prefumption, what havoc have maffacres made! Would legiflators maintain the cause of religion, let them fhew its influence on their conduct.

It is a fundamental principle of legislation, that good government can never exift, where, under the connexion of the fame laws, every citizen is not equally protected: this gives them but one intereft to fupport: this makes every man refpect his neighbour.

Viewing man in his religious capacity we confider him as related to his Maker. This relation can never be altered by any change of; his being. Society is but of temporary duration : with the prefent life terminates the penalties of its laws; while the fanctions of religion are durable as our existence. As thefe are, to us, of the highest importance; let us, firft, feek the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and in fubordination to this end, let us render to Cafar, the things! that are Cæfar's. By fuch a conduct, and fuch alone, can we enjoy, i in this world, the advantages of good government; and, in the next, the bleffed confequences which will refult from obedience to him, whofe kingdom ruleth over all.'

Before we conclude the Article, we should obferve, that there is an advertisement prefixed to the Sermon, which informs us, that it ⚫ would never have been published, had it not expofed its Author to obloquy.' He endeavours to vindicate himfelf against the cenfures that have been caft upon him, and particularly defends the propriety of preaching on the fubject of religious toleration, by a pertinent quotation from the works of the great Mr. Locke.

II. An Apology for the Brute Creation, or Abufe of Animals cenfured: Preached in the Parish Church of Shiplake, in Oxfordshire, Oct. 18, 1772. By James Granger, Vicar. 8vo. 6d. Davies, &c. This fenfible difcourfe is very proper to be put into the hands of young perfons, and of all thofe particularly who have any concern in the care and management of brute creatures: the cruelty with which they are fometimes treated muft excite a juft abhorrence in the humane and feeling bofom, as it has done in that of this Author,


who here pleads their caufe in a manner becoming a man and a Chriftian; and, with ftrength and peopriety, fhews the wickedness of ufing them with that severity and barbarity which is too common even in this civilized country.

The righteous and merciful man confiders, fays he, that the meanest creature was pronounced by the great Creator to be very good; and that if it is in no refpect hurtful to him, it has an equal: right with himself to live, and to enjoy the benefit of life: that wantonly to provoke, punish, and put to torture, any animal that providence hath placed under his care, is to betray his truft, and fin against the great law of humanity, which comprehends every kind of being that hath the fame acute fenfe of pain which he finds in his own frame. Some virtues are fo closely linked together that they are in almost every instance infeparable. If a man is merciful, we may venture to pronounce him juft, generous, and charitable: if cruel, we have as great reafon to believe him unjuft, fordid, selfish, and treacherous.'

It is unneceffary to add farther extracts, as the whole difcourfe is well worthy of perufal, and we wish it might be generally read and attended to. What renders the fermon particularly remarkable is the fingular propriety of the dedication," to T. B. Drayman," under the addrefs of" Neighbour Tom :" for which it is affigned as a reafon by the Author, that he had feen Tom exercife the lash with greater rage, and heard him fwear at the fame time more roundly and forcibly, than he ever faw or heard any of his brethren of the whip in London. The worthy Vicar gives him fome very good exhortations, and tells him, that should he find any hard words in the difcourfe, if he will come to his vicarage houfe, he will endeavour to explain them this fwearing Drayman is farther warned by his Paftor, that if his conduct is not altered, he will take care to have him punished by a Justice of Peace.

We fhall fay nothing farther concerning this laudable publication, but that the title-page tells us, It is not only intended for fuch as have the care of horfes and other ufeful beafts; but alfo for children, and those that are concerned in forming their hearts.'

We are forry to learn, by a Poftfcript to this difcourfe, that it gave difguit to two confiderable congregations. The mention of dogs and horfes, we are told, was cenfured as a prostitution of the dignity of the pulpit.' On which account, it is added, the Author fubmits it to the candour of the public, and particularly to the cool confideration of thofe who were pleafed to cenfure it, and by whofe difapprobation, without any premeditated defign of the Author, it now fees the light.'

Though the publication of his fermon was occafioned by fuch a difagreeable circumftance, we apprehend Mr. Granger will reafon to repent of it. Humane and benevolent minds will approve his intention and his performance; and those who at first objected, will probably fee realon to withdraw thofe cenfures which, in fact, will recoil upon themselves.

11. The Chriftian Triumph, occafioned by the Death of Mrs. Ann Williams, with the Address delivered at her interment. By Abra ham Booth. 8vo. 6 d. Dilly, &c,


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