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PECKARD's Vifitation Sermon, 251 PENNINGTON on Pluralities, 286 PERRIN's Fables Amufantes, 159 PHILOSOPHICAL Tranfactions of the American Society,
NORTHCOTE'S natomy of the
UAKERS. See WOLSTEN
EEN of Denmark's Account of the Revolution, &c.
EFLECTIONS on the Fate of the Clergy's Petition, 296 on the Negro Cause,
on the Gout, 484 REMARKS on Mauduit's Poltfcript 162 to the Diffenters' Bill, 487 REPORT of the Commiffioners of Trade, &c. on the Petition for a Settlement on the Ohio, 239 made to the Poute by the
ATULLCOn the Cultivation of Lands à Bengal,
TOILET of Flora,
TowGOOD's Anfwer to the Enquiry, "Why are you a Diffenter?" &c. 401 TRANSACTIONS of the American Philofophical Society, 333 TUTOR and Book-keeper's Guide in Accounts,
ALPY's Poetical Bloffoms, 408 VIEW of Revealed Religion,
to the Rich and Studious, by a Physician, 146 fingle, 80, 331
SERVANT'S Book of Knowledge,
Treatife on the Trinity,
490 WAST LANDS. See ADVAN
SHAMROCK; Or, Hibernian Creffes,
For JULY, 1772.
ART.I. A fourth and fifth Chapter of Genefis, tranflated from the eriginal Hebrew; with marginal Illustrations, and Notes critical and explanatory. By Abraham Dawfon, M. A. Rector of Ringsfield, Suffolk. 4to. 3 s. Cadell, &c.
EVERAL years ago this Author published a critical account of the three first chapters of Genefis*; he has executed the prefent tranflation upon the fame plan, which he tells us he has feen no reason to alter. The ftrict attention and care which had been bestowed upon the tormer publication, appear likewife to have been obferved in regard to this performance; and the Writer ftill finds, as he had before done, several occafions to differ from our common English version: fome inftances of which we fhall proceed to lay before our Readers :
Ch. iv. 3. And Jehovah faid unto Cain, "Why art thou wroth, and why is thy countenance fallen ? Though thou haft done right in offering, yet as thou haft not done right in dividing, baft thou not finned? Be ftill: for to thee fhall he be in fubjection, and shalt thou rule over him?"
Haft not made a proper diftinction-haft not fe lected the best of thy fubftance.
2 Be quiet:compofe thyfelf.
Mr. Dawson endeavours, in the notes, to juftify and fupport his tranflation: the first part of his reafoning upon this paffage we fhall give in his own words :
3. Though (am) thou haft done right in offering, yet as (cu am) thou haft not done right in dividing, haft thou not finned? be ftill:"-fo Sept. xx av opfws πgоσεveyxns ogows de μη διελης ήμαρτες ; ησυχασον.-This is fo natural and commodious a fenfe of the paffage, and more agreeable to, the ori.
Vid. Rev. Oct. 1763.
ginal than any other I have met with, that it hath often been matter of wonder to me that commentaters fhould have perplexed their felves and tortured.the words fo much to find out other meanings. Engl. has, rendered fath-fhalt thou not be accepted? Margin-thalt thou not have the excellency? fo Le Clerc dignitatem tueberis. But there is nothing in the original to answer to the wards-fhalt thou be-shalt thou have-in Engl. or to-tuebertin Le Clerc: accordingly Le Clerc will have thinr or fome fuch word to be understood. How harfh and forced a.conftruction is this? but now by fuppofing Sath to be the infinitive of na the conftruction is eafy-Though thou haft done right in offering (in bringing thy gift)-: nor has Le Clerc any thing to object to this rendering, except it be his bare unfupported affertion that " na never fignifies in the Old Teftament-to offer ;"--whereas among the various fignifications of this word that of bringing to God, prefenting offerings, is affigned by all lexicographers as one; and accordingly the verbal noun, math, denotes gifts, prefents, oblations, meffes of meat fent as prefents,-Ezek. xx. 31. bath mthnthichm-when you offer your gifts,-40. masuthichm-of your oblations and which is ftill more directly to our purpose, Chron. xvi. 29. we find this word joined with-mne-Jaou mnee-bring a gift, an offering
But as to that part of the verfe which this Author renders, in dividing"-lphth-he acknowledges there is fome difficulty. Among feveral other obfervations (for the whole note is too long for us to tranfcribe) he remarks, I am inclined to fufpect the original reading to have been-phle, phlth, phlthe-. I might eafily be tranfpofed, and e changed into è from the word immediately following; and as is not prefixed to fath this helps to confirm my conjecture of its making part of the root in this word, and having undergone a tranfpofition. Phle, of the fame import with phla, fignifies-to divide, to feparate, to felect as excellent and best of the kind, to make an honourable diftinction, &c. Sept. might very well render it by diens. Lev. xxii. 21. Whofoever offereth a facrifice of peace offering unto the Lord-lphla ndr-Engl. to accomplish his vow-Sept. dαςειλας (a word of like import with διελης) ευχην—xxvii. 2. iphla ndr-Engl. fhall make a folemn vow-Sept. Untaι euxn but in Numb. vi. 2. the fame phrafe is rendered-μɛyaλws ευξηται ευχών ; and xv. 3. μεγαλυναι ευχην. Thus Exod. viii. 2. ephlithi-Engl. I will fever-Sept. Tagado aow, I will diftinguish in an honourable manner: the like in Exod. ix. 4. in all which places, Chald. Samar. and Syr. verfions have phr which fignifies, to feparate, to divide, to diftinguifh, &c.'. There are feveral farther notes upon this paffage, which we must pafs by; but the Reader will obferve, that by rendering