X. The state can demand the sacrifice of a property legally proved to be for the public weal, but with a previous indemnification.

XI. All inquiry as to opinions and votes previous to the restoration is forbidden; also all judicial pursuits for the same to drop.

XII. The conscription is abolished; the recruiting for the army and navy is provided for by law.

XIII. The King's person is inviolable and sacred ; his ministers are responsible. The King alone is invested with the executive power. XIV.

XIII. The King is the head of The King is, &c. for the the state ; he commands just enforcement of the the forces of the land and laws, without

bethe forces of the sea, de- ing able to put aside the clares war, forms treaties laws themselves, or susof peace, of alliance, and pend their execution. No of commerce; appoints to foreign troops shall ever all offices of public admin- be admitted into the seristration, and frames all vice of the state but by rules and regulations for virtue of an especial law. the just enforcement of the laws and the security of the state.



XIV. The legislative authority The same, with the exto be jointly administered ception of the word deby the King, the Chamber partments. of Peers, and the Chamber of Deputies of the departments. XVI.

XV. The King proposes the The proposing of laws law.

belongs to the King, to the


Chamber of Peers, and to The proposition of the the Chamber of Deputies. law is submitted, with the

Nevertheless, all taxes consent of the King, to the qught to be first voted by Chamber of Peers or to

the Chamber of Deputies. that of the Deputies, with the exception of the taxes, which ought first to be submitted to the Chamber of Deputies.

XVIII. Every law ought to be freely discussed and voted by the majority of both the Chambers.

XIX. The Chambers have the right to request the King to propose a law for any object, and to suggest the best mode of framing the law they wish him to propose.

XX. This demand can be made by either of the Chambers; but, after having passed a special committee, it shall not be forwarded to the other Chamber under the space of ten days.

(Articles XIX. and XX. are suppressed in the new charter.) XXI.

XVII. If a proposition is adopted If the proposition of a by the other Chamber, it law has been rejected by will be submitted to the either of the three powers, King ; if it is rejected, it it cannot be again precannot again be brought sented during the same forward the same sessions. sessions.

The King ratifies and promulgates the laws.

XXIII. The civil list is fixed for the whole reign by the first legislative sitting that is held after the accession.

XXIV. The Chamber of Peers is an essential portion of the legislative power.

XXV. It is convoked by the King conjointly with the Chamber of Deputies. The session of both begins and ends at the same time. XXVI.

XXII. Any sittings of the Cham- Any sittings, &c., null ber of Peers, after the and void, excepting when closing of the session of assembled on the trials, the Chamber of Deputies, and then it can only exeror which have not been cise judicial power. especially convoked by the King, shall be held null and void.

XXVII. The creation of Peers of France belongs exclusively to the King. Their number is unlimited; he can make them either for life or hereditary.

XXVIII. Peers can take their seats in the Chamber at twentyfive years of age, but cannot speak or discuss until thirty years of age.

XXIX. The Chamber of Peers has for president the Chancellor of France; during his absence by a Peer appointed by the King. XXX.

XXVI. Members and princes The princes of the blood of the blood-royal are are Peers of France by Peers by right of birth, and right of birth ; they rank rank immediately after the immediately after the pre-. president, but have no sident. voice in the Chamber before the age of twenty-five years.


The princes cannot take their seats in the Chamber but by order of the King, given for each session by a message, under pain of rendering null and void all that may have been passed in their presence.-Suppressed.



XXVII. The discussions in the The sittings of the Chamber of Peers are Chamber of Peers secret.

public, like those of the


XXXIII. To the Chamber of Peers belongs the right of prosecution for high-treason, or for state-offences, according to law.

XXXIV. No Peer can be arrested but by order of the Chamber, and be judged by the same in criminal matters.

XXXV. The Chamber of Deputies to be elected by the electoral colleges, which shall be organized according to the law.

XXXVI Each department to have the same number of Deputies that it has had until the present time.-Suppressed. XXXVII.

XXXI. The Deputies to be The Deputies are elected elected for five years, and for the space of five years. in such a manner that the Chamber be reinforced a fifth every year. * XXXVIII.

XXXII. No Deputy can take his No Deputy can take his seat in the Chamber if he seat in the Chamber if he is under forty years of age, is under thirty years of and if he does not pay di- age, and if he does not rect taxes to the amount unite all the other requiof 1000 fr.

sitions according to the law.


XXXIII. If, nevertheless, there If, nevertheless, there

* The Chamber sits seven years, unless dissolved by the King.Law of the 9th of June, 1824.

should not be found in the should not be found in the department fifty individ- department fifty individuals of the prescribed age, uals of the prescribed age and paying direct taxes of and eligibility, according to 1000 fr., their number may law, their number may be be completed by the next completed by the next highhighest taxed below the est taxed below them, &c. 1000 francs, and these can be elected with the concurrence of the first. XL.

XXXIV. Electors have no right to No person is an elector vote for the election of under twenty-five years of Deputies if they pay less age, and uniting all other than 300 francs direct requisites fixed by the law. taxes, and are under thirty years of age. XLI.

XXXV. Presidents of the “ Col. Presidents of the 6 Col. lèges électoraux” to be lèges électoraux” shall be named by the King, and chosen by the electors. be by right a member of the college.

XLII. Half at least of the Deputies to be chosen from among the eligibles who have their political dwelling in the department. XLIII.

XXXVII. The President of the The President of the Chamber of Deputies to be Chamber of Deputies to be chosen by the King from a elected by the Chanıber at list of five members pres- the commencement of each ented by the Chamber. session.

XLIV. The sittings of the Chamber shall be public; but the demand of five members suffices to form it into a secret committee.

XLV. The Chamber divides itself into sections, in order to discuss the propositions made by the King.

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