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The state can demand the sacrifice of a property legally proved to be for the public weal, but with a previous indemnification.
All inquiry as to opinions and votes previous to the restoration is forbidden; also all judicial pursuits for the same to drop.
The conscription is abolished; the recruiting for the army and navy is provided for by law.
The King's person is inviolable and sacred; his ministers are responsible. The King alone is invested with the executive power.
The proposition of the law is submitted, with the consent of the King, to the Chamber of Peers or to that of the Deputies, with the exception of the taxes, which ought first to be submitted to the Chamber of Deputies.
Chamber of Peers, and to the Chamber of Deputies. Nevertheless, all taxes ought to be first voted by the Chamber of Deputies.
Every law ought to be freely discussed and voted by the majority of both the Chambers.
The Chambers have the right to request the King to propose a law for any object, and to suggest the best mode of framing the law they wish him to propose.
This demand can be made by either of the Chambers; but, after having passed a special committee, it shall not be forwarded to the other Chamber under the space of ten days.
(Articles XIX. and XX. are suppressed in the new charter.)
If a proposition is adopted by the other Chamber, it will be submitted to the King; if it is rejected, it cannot again be brought forward the same sessions.
If the proposition of a law has been rejected by either of the three powers, it cannot be again presented during the same sessions.
The King ratifies and promulgates the laws.
The civil list is fixed for the whole reign by the first legislative sitting that is held after the accession.
The Chamber of Peers is an essential portion of the legislative power.
It is convoked by the King conjointly with the Chamber of Deputies. The session of both begins and ends at the same time.
Any sittings of the Chamber of Peers, after the closing of the session of the Chamber of Deputies, or which have not been especially convoked by the King, shall be held null and void.
Any sittings, &c., null and void, excepting when assembled on the trials, and then it can only exercise judicial power.
The creation of Peers of France belongs exclusively to the King. Their number is unlimited; he can make them either for life or hereditary.
Peers can take their seats in the Chamber at twentyfive years of age, but cannot speak or discuss until thirty years of age.
Members and princes of the blood-royal Peers by right of birth, and rank immediately after the president, but have no voice in the Chamber before the age of twenty-five years.
The Chamber of Peers has for president the Chancellor of France; during his absence by a Peer appointed by the King.
The princes of the blood are Peers of France by right of birth; they rank immediately after the president.
The princes cannot take their seats in the Chamber but by order of the King, given for each session by a message, under pain of rendering null and void all that may have been passed in their presence.-Suppressed.
To the Chamber of Peers belongs the right of prosecution for high-treason, or for state-offences, according to law.
The sittings of the Chamber of Peers are public, like those of the Deputies.
No Peer can be arrested but by order of the Chamber, and be judged by the same in criminal matters.
The Chamber of Deputies to be elected by the electoral colleges, which shall be organized according to
The Deputies to be elected for five years, and in such a manner that the Chamber be reinforced a fifth every year.*
No Deputy can take his seat in the Chamber if he is under forty years of age, and if he does not pay direct taxes to the amount of 1000 fr.
Each department to have the same number of Depu ties that it has had until the present time.-Suppressed.
If, nevertheless, there
The Deputies are elected for the space of five years.
No Deputy can take his seat in the Chamber if he is under thirty years of age, and if he does not unite all the other requisitions according to the law.
If, nevertheless, there
* The Chamber sits seven years, unless dissolved by the King.― Law of the 9th of June, 1824.
should not be found in the department fifty individuals of the prescribed age, and paying direct taxes of 1000 fr., their number may be completed by the next highest taxed below the 1000 francs, and these can be elected with the concurrence of the first.
Electors have no right to vote for the election of Deputies if they pay less than 300 francs direct taxes, and are under thirty years of age.
Presidents of the "Collèges électoraux" to be named by the King, and be by right a member of the college.
should not be found in the department fifty individuals of the prescribed age and eligibility, according to law, their number may be completed by the next highest taxed below them, &c.
The President of the Chamber of Deputies to be chosen by the King from a list of five members presented by the Chamber.
No person is an elector under twenty-five years of age, and uniting all other requisites fixed the law.
Presidents of the "Collèges électoraux" shall be chosen by the electors.
Half at least of the Deputies to be chosen from among the eligibles who have their political dwelling in the department.
The President of the Chamber of Deputies to be elected by the Chamber at the commencement of each session.
The sittings of the Chamber shall be public; but the demand of five members suffices to form it into a secret committee.
The Chamber divides itself into sections, in order to discuss the propositions made by the King.