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1093b. AGARD, ARTHUR. A calender of all the leagues and treaties betweene the kings of England and other states, as they are placed in the 4.th treasury at Westminster. In Thomas Powell, Repertorie of records remaining in the 4. treasuries on the receipt side at Westminster (London, B. Alsop and T. Fawcett, for B. Fisher, 1631: (4), 217 pp., 19 cm.), pp. 97-120.
Cf. Sir Francis Palgrave, Ancient kalendars and inventories of the treasury of H. M. Exchequer, ii, pp. 311–335: “A calendar of treaties and other diplomatic documents in the treasury of the Exchequer of Receipt."
1094. AGARD, ARTHUR. Tractatus pacis et treugarium inter reges Angliae et Scotiae, conventiones, literae, placita, variaque instrumenta alia, regnum Scotiae tangentia; in ea parte scaccarii domini regis Angliae, quae vocata est domus capitularis infra Abbatiam Westmonasteriensem, reposita, et regnante Jacobo Primo rege, per Arthurum Agarde ex deputatis camerariorum in recepta dicti scaccarii, in ordine redacta. În Sir Joseph Ayloffe [1709-81], Calendars of the ancient charters and of the Welch and Scottish rolls, now remaining in the Tower of London: also calendars of all the treaties of peace entered into by the kings of England with those of Scotland; and of sundry letters and public instruments relating to that kingdom, now in the Chapterhouse at Westminster (London, Benjamin White, 1774: 27 cm.), pp. 285-325.
t1095. WILLIAMSON, SIR JOSEPH (1633-1701). Collection of copies of treaties from the reign of Henry VIII to that of Charles II. Not published. Prepared by royal warrant of March 5, 1669. In Public Record Office. Cf. Hardy, Syllabus of Rymer's Foedera, i, p. iii, note 1.
The catalogue of the British Museum, however, reports the following title: A collection of several treaties since the late revolution. London, 1701. 4to.
RYMER'S FOEDERA: EDITIONS
1096a. RYMER, THOMAS (1641-1713). Foedera, conventiones, literae, et cujuscunque generis acta publica, inter reges Angliae, et alios quosvis imperatores, reges, pontifices, principes, vel communitates, ab ineunte saeculo duodecimo, viz. ab anno 1101, ad nostra usque tempora, habita aut tractata; ex autographis, infra secretiores archivorum regiorum thesaurarias, per multa saecula reconditis, fideliter exscripta. In lucem missa de mandato reginae. Accurante Thoma Rymer, ejusdem serenissimae reginae historiographo. Londini, per A[wnsham] & J[ohn] Churchill, 1704-17. 17 vols. 40 cm.
Contents: i, 1101-1273; ii, 1272-1307; iii, 1307-23; iv, 1323-38; v, 1338-57; vi, 1357-73; vii, 1373-97; viii, 1397-1420; ix, 1413-20; X, 1422-41; xi, 1441-75; xii, 1475-1502; xiii, 1502-23; xiv, 1523-43; xv, 1543-86; xvi, 1586-1616; xvii, 1617-25.
Publication: i, 1704; ii, 1705; iii, 1706; iv, 1707; v-vi, 1708; vii-ix, 1709; xxi, 1710; xii, 1711; xiii-xiv, 1712; xv, 1713; xvi, 1715; xvii, 1717.
Indexes: Index chronologicus in front of each volume; Index nominum, vol. i; Index nominum ad omnia septendecim volumina, Index locorum omnium et rerum praecipuarum tomi primi-decimi septimi, vol. xvii.
Vol. xvii contains at end: Syllabus seu index actorum manuscriptorum quae lix. voluminibus compacta (praeter xvii tomas typis vulgatas) collegit ac descripsit Thomas Rymer. Quae in his voluminibus, in Bibliotheca Cottoniana nunc reservatis, continentur versa pagina monstrabit. Londini, per A. & J. Churchill, 1717. 128 pp.
Notes: Vols. xvi and xvii are “mandato regio. Ex schedis Thomae Rymer potissimum edidit Robertus Sanderson" (1660-1741). Of the volumes edited by Sanderson (of which xviii-xx belong to the second edition, infra), Hardy says: "Instead of a 'Foedera,' he has rather produced a new work in the shape of materials for our domestic history." Syllabus, i, p. lxxxviii.
This, the first official and, before Dumont, the most ambitious collection, seems to have been due to the initiative of Charles Montague, Baron and Earl of Halifax, who received 13 out of the 250 copies first published. (Hardy, Syllabus, i, pp. vii ff., cxvi, liii-liv.) The work was undertaken under an order of Queen Mary of August 26, 1693 (ibid., p. xxvi), directing the transcription and publication of "all the leagues, treaties, alliances, capitulations, and confederacies, which have at any time been made between the Crown of England and any other kingdoms, princes, and states, as a work highly conducing to our service and the honor of this our realm." The sums received by Rymer before printing amounted to £2, 263; the total cost of printing and indexing the 17 volumes was £10,615 12s. 6d. The total recorded cost then was £12,878, equivalent to about £24,082 today, or $117,195. "In this collection there is before you . . . much information which you would expect to learn, but will search for in vain, in the pages of our historians." — Addess to the reader, ii, p. vii.
George Holmes superintended the publication of vols. i-xii; Robert Sanderson of the rest.
1096b. HOLMES, GEORGE (1662-1749). Foedera, conventiones, literae, et cujuscunque generis acta publica, inter reges Angliae et alios quosvis imperatores, reges, pontifices, principes, vel communitates, ab ineunte saeculo duodecimo, viz. ab anno 1101, ad nostra usque tempora, habita aut tractata; ex autographis, infra secretiores archivorum regiorum thesaurarias per multa saecula reconditis, fideliter exscripta. In lucem missa de mandato nuperae reginae. Accurante Thoma Rymer, ejusdem serenissimae_reginae historiographo. Editio secunda, ad originales chartas in Turri Londinensi denuo summa fide collata et emendata, studio Georgii Holmes. Londini, per J. Tonson, 1726-35. 20 vols. 40 cm.
Note: This edition is paged like the first through vol. xvii. Issued with it were the last three volumes of Sanderson's continuation of Rymer's work.
"Though this second edition professes to be 'summa fide collata et emendata,' yet it will be found, on a careful examination, to possess many points of inferiority to the first edition." — Hardy, Syllabus, ii, p. viii.
1096c. HOLMES, GEORGE (1662-1749). The emendations in the new edition of Mr. Rymer's Foedera publish'd for the use of those gentlemen who are possessed of the former edition. London, J. Tonson, 1730. (2), 57 pp. 38 cm.
1096d. FOEDERA, conventiones, literae, et cujuscunque generis acta publica, inter reges Angliae et alios quosvis imperatores, reges, pontifices, principes, vel communitates, ab ineunte saeculo duodecimo, viz. ab anno 1101., ad nostra usque tempora habita aut tractata: ex auto
graphis, infra secretiores archivorum regiorum thesaurarias per multa saecula reconditis, fideliter exscripta. In lucem missa de mandato nuperae reginae, accurantibus Thoma Rymer et Roberto Sanderson. Ad originales chartas in Turri Londinensi denuo summa fide collata et emendata, studio Georgii Holmes. Editio tertia. Hagae Comitis, apud Joannem Neaulme, 1739-45. 10 vols. Plates. 40 cm. Contents: i, 1101-1312; ii, 1312-46; iii, 1346-1401; iv, 1401-33; V, 1433-1509; vi, 1509–86; vii, 1586-1625; viii, 1625-35; ix, 1635–54.
Vol. ix, pt. iv also contains: Epistolae Mariae reginae Angliae, ab anno 1554. ad annum 1558. (15 pp.).— De l'estat et gouvernement du royaume d'Angleterre [par Sir Thomas Smith]. Supplementum, continens Syllabum seu indicem actorum manuscriptorum [quae praeter tomos typis vulgatos collegit ac descripsit Thomas Rymer].
Vol. x: Abrégé historique des actes publics d'Angleterre recueillis par Thomas Rymer, i-xx.
Notes: Each volume consists of four parts.
The edition includes Sanderson's vols. xvi-xx.
Index: x, part iv: Index rerum praecipuarum quae in novem tomis . . continentur (332 pp.).
1096e. CLARKE, ADAM (1760?-1832); HOLBROOKE, FREDERICK. Foedera, conventiones, litterae, et cujuscunque generis acta publica, inter reges Angliae, et alios quosvis imperatores, reges, pontifices, principes, vel communitates, ab ingressu Gulielmi I. in Angliam, A.D. 1066., ad nostra usque tempora habita aut tractata. Ex autographis infra secretiores archivorum regiorum thesaurarias asservatis, aliisque summae vetustatis instrumentis ad historiam Anglicanam spectantibus, fideliter exscripta. Primum in lucem missa de mandato serenissimae principis Annae reginae, cura et studio Thomae Rymer historiographi, et Roberti Sanderson armig. Denuo aucta, et multis locis emendata, jussu serenissimi regis Georgii Tertii, accurantibus Adamo Clarke et Fred. Holbrooke. Londini, 1816-69. 4 vols. in 7. 46 cm. Contents: i, pars i, 1066-1272; pars ii, 1272-1307; ii, pars i, 1307-27; pars ii, 1327-44; iii, pars i, 1344-61; pars ii, 1361-77; iv, 1377-83.
Notes: This edition " was suspended by the Record Commissioners when it had reached the 172nd page of the 7th part or volume, on the ground of it being deemed advisable to institute an accurate inquiry into the expediency or inexpediency of continuing the work to the final completion of the plan projected by Dr. Clarke, and on which it has been hitherto conducted." - Hardy, Syllabus, ii, p. xxxv. The plan referred to was contained in:
CLARKE, ADAM (1760?-1832). Essay on the best mode of carrying into effect a compilation to form a supplement and continuation to Rymer's Foedera [March 18, 1808]. (General report of the Commissioners on the Public Records, 1812, pp. 115123.) Also reports of May 13, 1809, and March 15, 1810.
See also C. P. Cooper, Account of the Public Records (1832), ii, pp. 89-144. A General Introduction to the Foedera (72 pp.) was printed by the Record Commission in 1817, but not published; pp. 1-24 of this correspond to pp. i-xii of vol. i of the 1816 edition. Gross, pp. 467-468.
John Caley succeeded Adam Clarke as co-editor after the publication of vol. ii, pars i.
RYMER'S FOEDERA: SUBSIDIARY LITERATURE
1097. WHATLEY, STEPHEN (translator); RAPIN THOYRAS, PAUL DE (1661-1725). Acta regia; being the account which Mr. Rapin de Thoyras published of the history of England, by authority of the
lords the States-General; and grounded upon those records which, by order of their late majesties King William, Queen Anne, and King George, are collected in that inestimable fund of history, Mr. Rymer's Foedera. Containing not only the letters that passed between the monarchs of England and foreign princes; their treaties and negotiations of peace, friendship, and commerce; battles, revolutions, and other important events in the history of England: but an account of the several grants from the crown to the nobility, &c., through all the reigns, from King William Rufus to the tenth year of King Charles I.; of the summons's to Parliament and Convocation; of royal mandates to the clergy and laity; dispensations for marriage; general and particular pardons; patents for honours, offices, manufactures, inventions, &c.; and numerous other publick acts relating to families, and our own domestick affairs. London, printed for James, John, and Paul Knapton, etc., . 828, (30) pp. 40 cm.
Note: This is the English of the Abrégé historique republished in vol. x of the Hague edition, No. 1096d, supra.
The Abrégé historique was a collected reprint of notices of each volume in the Bibliothèque choisie and in the Bibliothèque ancienne et moderne. These, except the first, were written by Rapin and published in one volume at The Hague. The work was translated into English by Stephen Whatley, 1726-27 (25 numbers, or 4 vols., 8vo) under the title "Acta regia; or An account of the treaties, letters, and instruments between the monarchs of England and foreign powers, published in Rymer's Foedera, which are the basis of the English history, and contain those authorities which rectify the mistakes that most of our writers have committed for want of such a collection of records. Translated from the French of M. Rapin, as published by M. Le Clerc." A folio edition of the translation was published in 42 numbers in 1732.
1098. COOPER, CHARLES PURTON (1793-1873). Appendices [A-E] to a report on Rymer's Foedera. London, 1869. 3 vols. Facsimiles. 26 cm.
Contents: i, Appendix A; ii, B-D; iii, E.
Appendix E: "A chronological catalogue of the materials transcribed for the new edition of the Foedera," 1343-1576.
Notes: The report was "intended to have been made to the late Commissioners on Public Records. As these appendices have been in store since the year 1837, ... and the Report was not made, I have directed the Appendices, although imperfect, to be distributed . for Literary and Historical purposes.' - Prefatory note, dated 29 May 1869.
"The attention of Mr. C. P. Cooper, the secretary to the then Record Commission, having been drawn to the Foedera [in 1834] . . . I was appointed to make a report on the subject, which I accordingly did. My report. was placed in the hands of Mr. W. H. Black to amplify, for the purpose of being published as Mr. Cooper's Report on the Foedera. A portion of this extended report was set up in type, but not 'worked,' and the types were distributed in the year 1836 before a single page was printed; a copy of it, however, is preserved at the Rolls House." Sir Thomas Duffus Hardy, Syllabus of Rymer's Foedera, ii, p. xxxv, note. 1099. HARDY, SIR THOMAS DUFFUS (1804-78). Syllabus (in English) of the documents relating to England and other kingdoms contained in the collection known as "Rymer's Foedera." London, Longmans, Green & co. [etc.], 1869–85. 3 vols. 27 cm.
Contents: i, 1066-1377; ii, 1377-1654; iii, Appendix and Index.
Note: The prefaces of the first two volumes contain full discussions of the various editions, their merits, their authors, etc.
1100. NICOLSON, WILLIAM, BISHOP OF CARLISLE (1655-1727). Leges Marchiarum, or Border-laws: containing several original articles and treaties, made and agreed upon by the commissioners of the respective kings of England and Scotland, for the better preservation of peace and commerce upon the marches of both kingdoms: from the reign of Henry III. to the union of the two crowns in K. James I. With a preface, and an appendix of charters and records relating to the said treaties. London, printed for Tim. Goodwin, 1705. (8), lvi, 388 pp. 191 cm.
Note: 2d ed., 1747.
IIOI. A GENERAL COLLECTION of treatys, declarations of war, manifestos, and other publick papers, relating to peace and war, among the potentates of Europe, from 1648 to the present time. London, printed by J. Darby for Andrew Bell and E. Sanger, 1710. 19 cm.
A brief history of the French king's perfidiousness in the breach of solemn treatys, by way of introduction, pp. 3-35.
A memorial, containing the usurpations of France, during the reign of King Lewis XIV, pp. 437-442.
A deduction of the right and title of the crown of Great Britain . . . to all the straits, bays, seas, rivers, lakes, creeks, islands, shores, lands, territorys, and right and property of the Hudson's-Bay company, deriv'd from the imperial crown of Great Britain . . ..., PP. 443-448.
1102. A GENERAL COLLECTION of treaties, manifesto's, contracts of marriage, renunciations, and other publick papers, from 1495 to the present time. London, printed by J. Darby for Andrew Bell and E. Sanger, 1713. 2 vols. 19 cm.
Contents: i, 1648-1710; ii, 1495-1712; Appendix, French documents, 1659-60, pp. 1-23, at end.
1103. A GENERAL COLLECTION of treatys of peace and commerce, renunciations, manifestos, and other publick papers, from the year 1642, to the end of the reign of Queen Anne. London, printed for J. J. and P. Knapton [etc.], 1732. Vols. iii-iv of preceding. 19 cm.
Contents: iii, 1642-1713; iv, "From the end of the reign of Queen Anne to the year 1731"; A supplement of treatys and other publick papers, omitted in the four preceding volumes, p. 254.
Index: "Catalogue of the several treatys . . . in the four volumes . . . in a chronological order," at end.
Note: "The treaties contained in that work are not only very irregularly arranged, but upon comparing them with the detached copies published by authority, were found to be very inaccurately printed; and some treaties were wholly omitted." A Collection of all the treaties, etc., 1785, p. iv.
The four volumes of this collection represented by the three preceding titles (Nos. 1101-03) seem to have been republished with varying title pages as the several volumes were issued. Several sets that have been seen differ as to title pages in such a manner as to point to this conclusion.