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and imprisoned, on a charge of hav- posed another Psalm and Prayer, ing spoken treason against the adapted to the occasion; and also Queen. Grindal, on hearing of it, provided, in consultation with the was much affected by the intelli- Archbishop of Canterbury and Bigence, and immediately interposed shop of Ely, a solemn thanksgiving for him with the Secretary, protest- to be used in St. Paul's, when the ing his entire confidence in his mortality from the plague should be friend's invocence of the charge laid less than a hundred a week. He against him, and seconding that ap- now also, under direction from the plication by a message to Quintin, Secretary, took active measures for the Secretary's servant, desiring him preventing the spreading of the into remind the Secretary of that poor fection of the plague. man's case.
His active zeal was displayed in About the same time another oc- various ways—but particularly in the casion occurred for using his inte- assistance which he rendered to the rest in behalf of distressed inuo- English merchants trading in the Low cence. In consequence of the war Countries, who, from the oppressions then between England and France, under which they suffered, were several French Protestants, who had desirous of removing from the tertaken refuge in England, had been ritories of King Philip, and of setseized and made prizes, on the pre- tling at Embden. His care for the text of retaliation on the French, for Church was also shewn in two re. having seized the goods and mer- markable instances :-in punishing chandize of Englishmen. Grindal, one minister, and rewarding anoremembering himself an exile for ther. He was inflexible to the solireligion, performed the part of a citations of Secretary Cecil in behalf good Christian, in making earnest of a minister named Barton, whom he application to Sir William Cecil in knew to be a scandalous character, behalf of these distressed indivi- and persevered in inflicting on bim duals.
the severest censures. In the other Sebastian Westcote, the first Mi- case, that of the venerable old Miles nor Canon of St. Paul's, and master Coverdale, translator of the Bible in of the choristers there, began now the reign of Henry VIII.and formerto create disturbances to the Bishop. ly Bishop of Exeter-he shewed the As a Papist, he held transubstanti- greatest anxiety for his promotion, ation, and came not to the commu- and collated him to the parish of St. pion; and persisting in his error Magnus, obtaining for him from the after several remonstrances, was at Queen a release from his first-fruits. last excommunicated by Grindal. April 10, 1564, the University of This man was a favourite with Lord Cambridge conferred on him the deRobert Dudley (afterwards Earl of gree of Doctor in Divinity. Great Leicester), who wrote to the Bishop remissness and want of uniformity in bis behalf. The Bishop, well being at this time observable among knowing the man with whom he had the Clergy, and those of London to deal—that he was haughty, and in particular, the Bishop sat often impatient of denial, and resentful, in commission, taking cognizance wrote an answer at length, which of ecclesiastical matters; and while might seem rather an apology than he proceeded with resolution against a letter, (taking the precaution also obstinate offenders, at the same time to send a copy of it to the Secre- used gentleness wherever the case tary;) by the tone of which he shewed would allow of it. at once the piety, the meekoess, and Such, indeed, was his gentleness the resolution of a Bishop.
in proceeding with the recusant mi. By the end of December, the nisters, that it appears to have callplague being abated, Grindal com- ed forth the animadversion of the
Archbishop of Canterbury; and after, on his suspending two of their the Puritan party began to presume ministers, Bonham and Crane, who on his moderation, asserting, “ that had in spite of their promises of his Lordship was their own, and conformity), persisted in adopting that all that he did was by force, the Genevan forms, and in inveighand unwillingly."
ing against the Church of England, The Puritans were now grown they preferred a petition against into two factions, the one party not him to the Council, in which they liking the ceremonies, but still hold- grossly misrepresented his conduct ing to the communion of the Church; towards them, and obliged him, to the other party disliking the whole bis great uneasiness, to defend himconstitution of the Church, as Po- self to the Council, in answer to pish and Antichristian, (and espe- their false allegations. cially in regard to the garments This was nearly his last act as of the Clergy :) and accordingly, se. Bishop of London. By the favour parating themselves altogether, and of the Secretary Cecil, and at the meeting in private houses, where suggestion of Parker, Archbishop they had ministers of their own, and of Canterbury, who considered him adopted the service framed at Ge- indeed as not sufficiently resolute With this latter party the
and severe for the goverument of Bishop, and other Commissioners, London, he was (May 1st, 1570), held a conference, in which the translated to the Archbishopric of grounds of their dissent were argu, York, which had remained vacant ed, the Bishop treating them with since June, 1568. great mildness, whilst they retorted In his care for the improvement with violence and insult. But the of his new diocese, in which he found labour to reclaim theni was ineffec- much general ignorance, he was tual, and they only slandered the particularly watchful, in admitting Bishop for his attempt to recon- none but men of some learning and cile them to the uniformity of the ability to the cure of souls: re Church.
jecting those who were unlearned, A number of foreigners also hold- notwithstanding their presentaing the opinions of the Anabaptists, tions having established themselves in Such, indeed, was the effect of England, on the pretence of religi. his prudent government, that the ous liberty, in the beginning of number of the Papists daily dimiQueen Elizabeth's reign, Grindal nished ; and the whole ecclesiastic was further engaged in guarding the cal state in the northero parts was Church against the infection of their brought into very quiet and peaceerrors—instituting an inquiry into able condition. their persons, and period of residence in the country, and the Strype gives the following aceount churches to which they resorted. of a rejected candidate:-One William
The Puritans still continuing re- Ireland was presented to the Rectory fractory, notwithstanding the seve
of Harthil, who, coming to the Archbi. rity of a year's imprisonment which shop, was examined by the Archbishop's several of them had undergope, worus, vestri humiles et obedientes, which
chaplain. In bis presentation were these Grindal at length compassionating the chaplain required him to construe, their condition, prevailed in obtain to understand his ability in Latin ; but ing their release from prison, with he expounded them, your humbleness and the hope that they might be more obedience. The chaplain asked him again, influenced by clemency to comply who brought up the children of Israel ont with the laws in future.
of Egypt? He answe. ud, King Saul. And His clemency, however, was but he could not answer. Wherefore the Arch
being asked who was first circumcised, ill requited by them; for not long bishop rejected bim.
In August, 1575, died Matthew
an opportunity to some to broach Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury. heterodox opinions; and to some The Queen, after three months des also, who had been silenced from liberation, fixed upon Grindal, re. preaching, to intrude themselves commended to her by the Lord there, and vent abuse, not only Treasurer, his friend, as the most against the Liturgy and Hierarchy, proper successor to the vacancy. but even against states and indivi
But well had it been for our most duals, so that the exercises degereverend Father, had he continued derated into factions, divisions, and at York, and never removed a step censurings. The Archbishop, inhigher to Canterbury, since he lived stead of wholly abolishing these there so quietly, had such a share meetings, had endeavoured only to in his Sovereign's favour, and go- rectify the abuses of them, by preverned so well : but soon after his scribing rules for their management translation he met with much sor- and control. But the Queen altorow, and fell under the frowns of her gether objected to their continu. Majesty.
ance, and the Archbishop being The circumstance which immedi- present at Court, she particularly ately led to his disgrace with her Ma- declared herself offended at the jesty, was bis conduct in regard to number of preachers, as well as those meetings of the Clergy, which the exercises, and warned him to were termed exercises, or prophesy- redress both : urging, “ that it was ings. Perceiving the ignorance of the good for the Church to have few Clergy, and the great need there preachers, and that three or four was of more frequent preaching for might suffice for a county, aud that the instruction of the people in the the reading of the homilies to the grounds and truth of religion, he people was enough.” In short, she encouraged a practice (which had required bim to do these two things, been adopted in many parts of the viz. to abridge the number of country, and particularly in North- preachers, and to put down the reamptonshire, and allowed by manyligious exercises. The speeches Bishops in their dioceses), of the she used to him were somewhat Clergy within a certain division sharp, and she was very resolute to meeting together at a set time in have no more exercises of this sort, some church belonging to a market and that the licenses for preaching or other large town, and there, each should be more sparingly granted ; in order, explaining, according to and she expected the Archbishop their ability, some particular por would give especial orders for both. tion of Scripture, allotted them be. This did not a little afflict the grave fore. At these meetings, after all He thought the Queen made had delivered what they had to say, some infringement upon his office, a Moderator, who was one of the to whom the highest trust in the gravest and most learned among Church of England, next to herself, them, made his observations upon was committed; and therefore, that what the rest had said, and deter. she was somewhat too peremptory mined the true sense of the place. to require this to be done, without These assemblies occasioned great advising at all with him, in a matter confluxes of people to hear and so directly respecting religion and learn ; but the evil of them was, the souls of her subjects: nor could that, while they encouraged the be in conscience comply with her study of theology in the ministers, demands. Therefore, when he came in order to prepare themselves for home, he resolved to write at large the debate, they also promoted con- his mind to her : and he had to fusions and disturbances, and gave back him two great men at the
EDMUND GRINDAL was born about chosen, in consequence of his leamthe year of our Lord 1519, at Hen- ing and ability, Fellow of Pembroke singham, in the parish of St. Begh's, Hall. In the year 1540, being yet in the county of Cumberland. He but Bachelor of Arts, he was apwas addicted to study in his tender pointed Jurio: Treasurer of his Col. years: even while he was a child, lege. The next year he commenced books were his delight and recrea- Master of Arts. Already he was tion, so much so, that lie carried considered as one of the ripest wits them about with hiin; which, as it and most learned men in Camshewed the pleasure he took in bridge. He obtained, July 4, 1544, learning, so it fell out once very the title of the Cu'lege, under Rid. fortunately to him. For when he ley, then Master, to John Bird, was a boy, walking somewhere in Bishop of Winchester, who was the fields, and having liis book in then looked upon as a great fahis bosom, an arrow accidentally vourer of reformation ; receiving
, came, that lighted with its point as it seems, his orders from him, just in the place where the book In 1548 he was declared Proctor of was, which, if the book had not the University. In 1549 he became been there, must have certainly slain President of his College, being him.
often mentioned in the acts of the In his boyhood also, going a jour. University, as “ assistens Vice-caoney with his father on foot, after cellarii in judiciis." And being some violent rains, God made use then Bachelor in Divinity, he was of him to save the old man's life. unanimously elected Lady Marga For attempting to go over a rotten ret's Preacher.
This year also he bridge, (over which their way lay,) was distinguished as one of the four the youth, perceiving the danger, selected out of the whole Univercalled suddenly to his father, and sity, at an extraordinary Act com: withal pulled him back with his menced for the entertainment of hand; upon which the bridge, by King Edward's Visitors, to maintain the force of the waters, presently the negative of the doctrine of tranbrake down. And thus God making substantiation. him the instrument of preserving his The next year be removed to father from such a sudden
death; no London, to be Chaplain to Ridles, question, the blessing of his father, who was then Bishop of London
. accompanied with God's blessing Here the first preferment which be descended on him.
obtained was that of the ChanterHe was sent up to the University ship of St. Paul's. of Cambridge, where he entered at He was now President of his ColMagdalen College, afterwards re- lege, Bishop Ridley being still Mas
. moved to Christ's College, and suh. ter. In the year 1551 he was como sequently, as soon as he was eli- cerned in two amicable private cor. gible to a fellowship, being Bache- ferences upon the sense of the words, lor of Arts in the year 1538, “ This is my body," in which
This life is compiled from “ The History of the Life and Acts of the Most Re verend Father in God, Edmund Grindal, the first Bishop of London, and the second by John Strype, M.A. 8vo. Oxford, at the Clarendon Press, 1821. Archbishop of York and Canterbury, successively, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth,'
401, a year.
there assisted on the Protestant ary; the magistrates of which side, besides himself, Cheke, Horn, town freely and Christianly gave and Whitehead-on the other, Fec- harbour to several English Proteskenham, Young, and Watson. tants of the best rank, both of the
In December, this year, a resolu- laity and the clergy, and allowed tion was taken by the King's Coun- them a church for the exercise of cil that the King should retain six their religion, according as they Chaplains, two to be always with professed it in England. Thither the King in waiting, the other four he came in very honourable comto be sent over the kingdom, espe- pany, viz. with Sir Anthony Cook, cially the remoter counties, to preach Sir Richard Morison, Sir John to the common people, and to in- Cheke, Sir Thomas Wroth, and Mr. struct them in the principles of true Hales ; all persons of very great religion and obedience to their learning, and extraordinary worth Prince. These six were afterwards and goodness. reduced to four, and Grindal, by of this his departure, Ridley, means of his patron Bishop Ridley, now prisoner, had intelligence, and was one of these, with a salary of in a letter to Augustin Bernher,
relating bow Grindal's two felIn the month of June, the sixth low chaplains, Rogers and Bradyear of Edward VI. for his greater ford, one was offered up to God in countenance, he obtained a royal li- martyrdom, and the other ready to cense to preach ; and in July follow- be offered, used these words of him: ing the grant of a Prebend in West- -“Grivdal is gone. The Lord, I minster, which he resigned after- doubt not, bath (seeth) and knowwards to Bonner, Bishop of London. eth wherein he will bestow him”.
In the month of November, 1552, prophetically spoken it would seein, he was nominated for a bishopric in of those high places in the Church, the North, being then not above to which God afterwards called thirty-three years of age ; such pub- him. lic notice had been already taken of Being almost in despair of the rehis abilities. What this northern storation of religion in England, and bishopric was we are left to conjec. consequently of his return thither ture; but as it was then determined again, he resolved to make himself by the King and his Council to master of the German tongue, that divide the Bishopric of Durham, his talent might not lie unoccupied, now void by the deprivation of Ton- but that he might be able to preach stal, into two, it is probable that God's word in the German churches; he was intended for one of these, and for this purpose retired to a
This appointment, however, did town called Wasselheim, where he not take place; and he continued attained to such great perfection still in possession of his Prebend of in the language, that a learned GerSt. Paul's, laying out his talent in man addressed him thus-" Ut vox a diligent and faithful preaching of tua etiam in Germanicis ecclesiis the Gospel in different parts of the audiri potuisset.” He also made realm, as well as at the Court, until some residence at Spires, where he the death of King Edward the Sixth: was courteously entertained by one when we find him flying his native Leach, a Scotchman. country, to avoid the persecution During his exile he was employed and cruelty that the Popish reli- with Chambers, as his colleague, to gion directed to be used to replant settle the disturbances which Knox itself, and especially towards the and Whittingham were the chief inmost eminent of the preachers and struments in raising at Frankfort, instruments of the Reformation about a new model and form of worHe made Strasbourg his sanctu- ship, varying from the last corrected, REMEMBRANCER, No. 70.