Court, the Lord Treasurer, and the matter of the Church ; and the Earl Earl of Leicester; the latter of of Leicester * also wrote to him, whom perhaps was not much to be seeming to object only against the depended upon, but he delivered lay-people being present at these his letter to the Queen, dated De meetings. This point the Archcember 20, 1576, for which the bishop however defended by the Archbishop thanked him. In this example of St. Paul, who (be mainletter he argued the duty of multi- tained,) gave great commendation to plying preachers on scriptural that practice, as used in the primigrounds, and as the best means of live Church +, (1 Cor. xiv.) diffusing religious and loyal princi- The issue was, that all the Arehples; urging too the advantage of bishop could say or write, moved not sermons over homilies, as better the Queen from her resolution, but calculated for diversity of times, she seemed much offended with him, places, and hearers, and for moving and resolved to have him suspended the affections: and besides, that the and sequestered ; and seeing he homilies were by no means intended would not be instrumental in it, to supersede sermons, but only to sent her own commandment by ber be used where sermons could not letters to the rest of the Bishops, be had. The exercises lie defended wholly to put down these exerupon the plea of the great improve. cises. ment in learning which they had The Archbishop henceforth lay caused among the Clergy, insomuch, under a cloud at Court, but chose " that where afore there were not rather to endure it, than basely to three able preachers, now were comply to the wronging of his conthirty meet to preach at Paul's science. He continued, however, Cross; and forty or fifty besides, in the exercise of his office until able to instruct their owu cures. June of the same year (1577), whea Concluding, “ that he was forced for the old fault, and for want of with all humility to profess that he compliance (though the Queen, and could not with a safe conscience, also several of the Lords in the Star and without the offence of the ma- Chamber had required him to conjesty of God, give his assent to the ply), the said Lords contined him to suppressing of the said exercises, his house, and sequestered bim for much less could he send out any six months. injunction for the utter and univer- However the Archbishop lay unsal subversion of the same. That if der sequestration, yet bis hands it were her Majesty's pleasure, for were not so wholly tied, but he was this or any other cause, to remove him out of that place, he would

The friendship of the Earl of Leices. with all humility yield thereunto, ter in this matter lies under suspicion; by and render again that which he had some authors he is asserted to have prejureceived of her. That be consider. diced the Queen in the first instance

against the Archbishop, in conseqnence of ed with himself, that it was a horri.

the Archbishop having crossed his wishes, ble thing to fall into the hands of

in giving his judgment against Julio, the the living God, and prayed her to

Earl's physician and favourite, who having bear with him, though he chose ra- already a wife, had married the wife of ther to offend her Majesty, than to another man: but Strype is not inclined offend the heavenly."

to credit the surmise. No sooner was his letter to the + Strype observes, that this was the sense

and interpretation some of the learned in Queen sent, but he was earnest to know what effect it had with her.

those times put upon that place of Scrip

ture, and that hence an obligation lay upon The Lord Treasurer assured him

all the Churches of Christ to observe the that he would be careful of this


soinetimes officially employed, and more mildly with him; and that he especially in his own diocese. should still only contipue under his

When the six months of his se- sequestration ab officio. questration had expired, the Lord Yet, in the midst of his troubles, Treasurer sent a private and kind he was not guilty of any thing that message to him by Goodman, Dean might bespeak him negligent, or of Westminster, containing some wanting to his duty or calling. He account after what manner the Star took care of the estates belonging Chamber would proceed in his bu- to his See, and exercised such funcsiness, and also his Lordship's di- tions as were permitted to him; ocrections to him how he should des casionally performing the office of mean himself in respect of the consecration to vacant bishoprics. offence he had given to the Queen Upon the occasion of the earthby the exercises. The substance quake which happened in the beginof this message was, that when call. ning of the year 1580, he directed ed upon to answer for his conduct, an order for prayers and humble dehe should in general terms acknow- votion, and composed a prayer for ledge his fault, and humbly request families throughout his diocese; her Majesty's pardon.

which was authorized and approvTo this counsel of the Lord Trea- ed by the Council, and enjoined surer the Archbishop thought it not through him to be observed in fit to accede; still esteeming himself all other dioceses. He was still not to have done amiss, he would employed in taking cognizance of Rot ask pardon, which supposed a recusants, and enforcing uniformity fault: nor did he appear in person be- of religion throughout the country. fore the Lords in the Star Chamber, In the Convocation which was held but sent an humble writing to them in the year 1580, an humble petiby Sir Walter Mildmay, beseeching tion to the Queen was drawn up, that they would intercede with the praying the restoration of the ArchQueen for his liberty, and for tak- bishop to his place. He then ing off his sequestration, which he appears to have made submishad suffered patiently six months ; sion in a form more acceptable yet first of all declaring the inno- to the Queen, upon which his suscency of his own doings—then his pension' was removed : and this quiet and thankful bearing of the submission was followed by a still punishment inflicted, and bis great more humble confession and dem trouble of mind at the Queen's dis. claration of himself, “ beseechpleasure with him; all in very sub- ing her Highness not to impute missive terms. But he would make his conduct to any obstinate intent no further concession,

of disobeying her Majesty ; but Neither however did this submis- only that he was moved in consion of the Archbishop, nor the ma- science to be an humble suitor to vifest inconveniences to the Church her Majesty, to be spared from bewhich resulted from his sequestra- ing the special instrument in suption, prevail as yet for his restora- pressing the said exercises. And tion to liberty, and the exercise of to the intent her Majesty may think his jurisdiction. Nor did he ever that he meant no disobedience in after much enjoy the Queen's fa- any maintenance of them to contivour; insomuch that he was even pue contrary to her commandment, desirous to resign bis Archbishopric. praying her Majesty to be truly in

There was some thought indeed formed, how he himself did, in his of his deprivation, but from a re- own bishopric, and other peculiar gard to the disgust which it might jurisdictions, suffer no such exergive, this severity was abandoned, cises to be used after the time of and it was determined to proceed her Majesty's said commandment.” . REMEMBRANCER, No. 70,

4 G

Even at this period, when his holy head in, after he should remove and exemplary life was drawing to

from Lambeth”- the other was, that a close, his great care and diligence he might not be troubled after his in looking after matters relating to resignation for dilapidations the Church-his concern for of- It happened, however, that his fences and scandal—his labour for resignation was not compassed by peace-bis justice and integrity- the 25th of March. It was owing, it his tenderness of putting the infe- seems to the virtuous refusal of Whit. rior clergy to charges-his accuracy gift to enter upon that see as long as in business, notwithstanding his age, Grindal was alive--the Queen conse. - were eminently conspicuous. quently not being yet provided with

He was now become blind, yet at a fit person to put in the office. first not without some hope of the While ihese proceedings were pendrecovery of his sight; but all hopes ing, tlie Archbishop (though quick at last entirely vanislied. Afficted and unimpaired in mind) was but in with this infirmily, he was very will- a bad condition of health, besides ing to be released from the cares the loss of his sight; which indisof his station, and readily there. position partly prevented the further fore acquiesced in an intimation of Transaction of the business--so that the Qneen's pleasure, conveyed to he remained still in May, Archhim by Piers, Bishop of Sarum, bishop : the eighth day of which " that he should resigu, and there- month he made his last will and tesby enjoy her Majesty's favour, hav- tament t; wherein he styled bimself ing an honourable pension assigned Archbishop of Canterbury, whole in to him.” He only asked permission mind, and of perfect remembrance. to remain in possession until the By this will he endowed a free gramMichaelmas following, when the mar school at his native parish of audit of the See was kept, in order St. Begh's, in Cumberland, besides to have time for arranging his af- giving several other benefactions-to fairs, and leaving things well ortier. Pembroke Hall, and Magdalen and ed for his successor.

Christ's College, in Cambridge ; to He had indeed entertained some Queen's College, in Oxford; to the hopes of a return of the Queen's poor of Canterbury, Lambeth, Crosfavour, particularly as she had lately don, aud St. Begh's. It was not sent lim a new year's gift of a two months after he made his will silver cup; but it appeared, on that the holy Archbishop concluded the contrary, that the Queen not bis life. For on the 6th day of July, only contiuued to require his re- spent with cares and labours for the signation, but also thought not fit good of the Church, after a very es. to grant him further time to resign emplary and useful life, he surrenthan the Annunciation next ap-. dered his soul to God, dying in his proaching. Being apprized of this, great climacteric year, sixty-three. he humbly submitted to her order; He was buried, according to his and moreover thanked her," for that, of her gracious goodness she had

* Dilapidations had been already a submade mention, as he was informed, ject of grievance to him, as there was some of an honourable portion to be as.

disagreement between Archbishop Sandys

and himself on account of them. sigued unto bim for his sustentation

+ The first bequest in the will is to the in those few and evil days, as he Queen, of the New Testament in Greek, said, which he had yet to live.” He of Stevens's impression; of which Strype had yet two petitions to make to the remarks, “ This was a truly royal present, Queen: one was, that she would not only in respect of the book itself, grant him the house and grounds at

whose author is the King of kings and Lord Croydon, “having not at that hour

of lords, but in regard of the print, be

ing one of the finest and correctest editions any house of his own to put his of the New Testament that ever was.

desire, in the chancel of Croydon all his dignities, and return to a church ; a monument was erected to private life. him on the south side of the com- Neither did this incompliance munion table, representing his tigure with the Queen proceed from any in stone, lying at length, with the elation of mind, by reason of his hands in the posture of praying; high place or dignity: for such the eyes having a kind of white in external, accidental things, made no the pupil, to denote his blindness. change in his temper and disposiHis face is represented as comely, tion, which was ever at the same with a long beard, somewhat forked stay of meekness and gentleness. and curling. He lived and died un- In subsequent tiines he has been married ; the only male person of thought to have held the reins too his family being William Grindal, loose in respect to the puritanical who is mentioned in his will as his faction, and has been vulgarly blam“ servant.” All the rest of his kin ed for slackness in his government were sister's children.

of Church affairs. But he best knew He was of a mild and subdued what courses were fittest to be purtemper, apd friendly disposition; in sued, who lived in those times, and his deportment courteous and af- could take counsel according to the fable; not irritable, nor soon an- present urgency of affairs : and gry; well spoken, and easy of ac- when his mildness is objected to cess, and that even in his elation; him, it must be remembered, that always obliging in bis carriage, lov- upon occasion that mildness was ing and grateful to his servants, and joined with severity too. And meek of a free and liberal heart. His fear as he was in spirit, and most yield. of God, and sincere love of religion, ing to Christians of the meanest evidently appeared in his williugly rank in the offices of charity, and foregoing of his own country, his where religion received no detri. ease, his presidentship in Pembroke ment, yet when the good of reliHail, his good prebends in the gion or the Church was implicated, Churches of St. Paul and Westmin- he would be bold and free with ster, and all his preferments and persons of the highest quality, and hopes, and living abroad in a strange give his counsel or reproof without land, that he might preserve his fear or faint-heartedness; as was eviconscience, and serve God in purity dent in his reproof of the Queen in and truth; cheerfully comporting the matter of the exercises. with parrower and straiter circum- Thus, in the discharge of his high stances of living.

function, he lived and died unHe was endued with that innu- blamable-being a Prelate of truly table constancy of mind in persist- apostolical spirit, and most primiing in a thing which he reckoned tive in all his conversation. his duty, that though the Queen's He does not appear to have left offence was so much to be dreaded, much in print behind him; yet one yet for the averting of it he would take tract, entitled A Dialogue between no irregular course. His plain, yet Custom and Truth, and contained in humble refusal of the Queen's order Fox's Acts and Monuments, which to bim, to put down the ministers' is attributed to him as the author, exercises, must be reckoned truly is worthy of notice ; being written as one of the best passages of his in a clear method, and with much life ; more especially, as the con- rational evidence against the real, scientiousness of that refusal was that is, the gross and corporal, preshewn by his willingness to resign sence in the sacrament.



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The Ministerial Character of Christ Mr. Sumner does appear to us to

practically considered. By Charles have in this instance subjected himR. Sumner, M.A. Domestic Chap- self to unnecessary labour. lain and Librarian to his Ma- Many and lamentable as have been, jesty, and Prebendary of Wore and still are, the differences and cester. 8vo. pp. 446. 10s. 6d. disputes among professed Christians

respecting the person and office of AGREEABLY familiar as our read. Christ, this at least is a part of his ers and ourselves have long been character, which has never been with the name of Sumner, it was called into question. That he came with much satisfaction that we saw into the world as a prophet or teachanother bearer of it come before the er, all are agreed. Against forgetpublic as an author, in behalf of the ting that his office of prophet was same holy cause which bis brother subordinate to his office of priest, had so zealously and so ably main- Mr. Sumner has wisely cautioned tained. When we first heard the his readers. But we cannot but title of Mr. Charles Sumner's book, consider as too unqualified the obwe conceived he had given us a servation, which Mr. Sumner, and companion to his brother's " Apos. his brother also in his Apostolical tolical Preaching considered:” and Preaching, have quoted with approwe confess that we should not have bation from Macknight—that been sorry to have found this idea Son of God came from heaven, not realized. As it is, while he has to make the Gospel revelation, but contemplated our Lord only in his to be the subject of it." character of a prophet or teacher, much to make the Gospel revelahe has confined himself also to a de- tion, as to be the subject of it," lineation of the manner, without would have been a more correct examining the matter, of his per- position. This is one of the many sonal preaching. This is unques. instances where truth is sacrificed tionably a subject of high import- to point of expression.

Into a ance and interest; and Mr. Sum- somewhat similar error Mr. Subiner ner's treatment of it is every way himself appears to have fallen, when worthy of a Christian minister. We in this chapter, p. 28. he asserts, shall now proceed to give our read- that “ Christ was more free in his ers a somewhat more particular ac- communications in the single discount of his work.

course with the Samaritan woman, The first chapter (which we can-' than in all his discourses with his not help thinking the least effective own countrymen, during the whole in the book, and so far unfortunately of his ministry." Now unless Mr. placed as giving in limine an erro- Sumber means to except the discineous impression of the whole per- ples of Jesus from this assertion, formance) is mainly occupied in (which he has not done) we proving Christ's prophetical cha-conceive it to be abundantly disracter--from the predictions of the proved by many of our Lord's con. Old Testament, from the testimony versations with them: at all events of Christ himself, of John the Bap- it will not easily be reconciled with tist, of our Lord's Apostles and the passage, Luke xxiv. 27. where Disciples, and of the people at we read that " beginning at Moses large, who heard his preaching, and and all the prophets, he expounded witnessed bis miracles. Now really unto" two of his disciples" in all

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