School Gardens.-Rules for the Gardens for the most correctly named collection

belonging to the High-Pavement Chapel of plants, both as regards the scientific (Nottingham] Boys' Sunday - School, name and the proper spelling of it. established february, 1841, for the They might succeed very indifferently Purpose of providing Healthful Recre- at first, but we are sure the experiment ation and Intellectual Amusement for would be attended with satisfactory the Elder Scholars.

results. It will be seen by the rules We have had the small pamphlet that each boy pays a slight acknowcontaining the rules above stated placed ledgment; and the gardens are only in our hands, and with great pleasure awarded to those who, by good behanotice them.

viour and diligence at school, render In the immediate neighbourhood of themselves worthy of becoming tenants. Nottingham are an immense number of The rules are short and to the point, small gardens, occupied and cultivated and we give them, as they may guide by all grades of society; and with a other philanthropic individuals in estamost laudable and praiseworthy feel. blishing similar institutions. ing, the friends connected with the 1. The gardens shall be under the above-mentioned place of worship have management of the superintendent, purchased two of these enclosures, in who shall collect the rents and manage each of which is a commodious summer. all matters connected therewith. house. One of these gardens is culti. 2. The rent to be paid monthly. Any vated by the elder boys of their school, one being more than two months in the other by their juniors. Each gar- arrear, shall forfeit his right to occupy. den is subdivided into smaller allot. 3. All incidental expenses, such as ments, which are assigned to their re- purchasing and repairing tools, &c., spective tenants, boys from ten to four- shall be defrayed by yearly subscripteen years old, who cultivate and crop tion, contributed by friends interested them according to their own fancy, a in the gardens. small portion of each being devoted to 4. The tenants shall keep their parts flowers.

in a good state of cultivation, by maThe diligence and ability displayed nuring and proper attention. Any one by these youthful gardeners is really neglecting to do this, will, after one astonishing. We have inspected their month's proper notice has been given crops during several past summers, and by the superintendent, have his part with truth can say we were highly de- taken from him. lighted with them. The onions, lettuce, 5. If a tenant wish at any time to celery, carrots, potatoes, &c., were ex- give up his part, he must give one cellent, and would vie with the pro- month's notice of such intention to the ductions of older and more experienced superintendent. cultivators. Prize gooseberries are also 6. Any tenant taking any flowers, grown, and this year the crops of Lon- fruit or vegetables, without the consent don, Companion, Gunner, Eagle, &c., of the owner, shall, for the first offence, were amongst the best we have ever pay such a fine as the superintendent seen either at Nottingham or elsewhere; shall determine upon; and if the offence in fact, these boys always endeavour is repeated, he shall be excluded from to obtain, either of seeds or plants, the the gardens, and forfeit all claim to the best varieties possible. In connection produce on his part. with these gardens, and to excite emu- 7. Proper places shall be assigned for lation, a vegetable and flower show is the tools, which must be cleaned and instituted. This is held in the school. put away again after being used. room at Nottingham, and prizes are 8. The keys of the gardens shall be given for the best productions in vege- kept at the superintendent's house; and tables, as well as for stands of pansies, any one going to the gardens, must take verbenas, collections of annual and the road pointed out by the superinperennial flowers, and nosegays, or tendent, and return the same way with bouquets, as they are called by some, the keys, to prevent disappointment. but we fancy our readers will like the Any one breaking this rule shall be old English name best. These exhibi- fined sixpence. tions of youthful skill and industry are 9. All fines to be paid to the superwell attended. On the management intendent, and by him appropriated to we can offer no suggestion, except that the general expenses of the garden. we think it would add to the sources We should be glad to see this system of information, if a prize were given carried out through Great Britain and Ireland. Every clergyman might do W. Banks, of Manchester, were afterincalculable good in his parish by this wards secured, and hence was firmly simple means, and put a stop, in a great established the Hibbert's Choral Socimeasure, to the mischievous assem- ety at Hyde, which held its first public blages of idle boys which unfortunately performance on the day we have named. are seen in most villages. Every com- The first part consisted of selections munity of Dissenters should also adopt from the •Messiah' and Elijah,' and a the plan; and to all the benevolent and miscellaneous secular selection formed kind-hearted we would especially re- the second part. Under ordinary circommend it.-( The Midland Florist for cumstances, it would be improper seOctober.)

verely to criticise the performance of such a society; but on this occasion we

must do them the justice to say that How to improve Chapel Singing. we never heard the pieces better given,

or the musical text more faithfully adA very striking improvement has

hered to. The overtures played by latterly taken place in the singing at Gee-Cross chapel. This has also had the Messiah ;' the Caliph,' by Boil

the band were the introduction to its influence in improving the regular dieu ; and Mozart's Figaro,'' all of attendance on the services. The cause of it is, we believe, to be traced to the shewed judicious and careful training

which were admirably played, and establishment in Hyde of a Choral Society, which meets for instruction and Banks. Nor must we omit to notice

on the part of the conductor, Mr. D. W. practice twice every week. So rapid the zealous and benevolent exertions has been the improvement of the class, of the founder of the society, Mr. John which consists for the most part of Hibbert, who, aided by his brothers, youths and young women working in have by their personal presence and the neighbouring factories, that it was enabled to give a Public Concert in the pecuniary resources given stability and Court House of Hyde, on Thursday, associations connected with which are

encouragement to a society, the many November 15. Of the performance we

doing much to soften and humanise extract a short account from the Man- the population of that dense neighbourchester Guardian:

hood. One thing particularly struck “ The place was crowded, and among us,--that in the singing or playing of the parties present were some of the any particular piece, scarcely a whisper first families in the neighbourhood. was heard amongst the auditory, and The principals were Mrs. Winterbot. the whole remained seated to the close tom, Mrs. Tomkins, Mr. Inkersall and of the concert." Mr. Hull, who sang the several pieces Individuals may not always be found allotted to them with great care and able and willing to take upon themjudgment; but the great feature of the selves the expense of providing instrucevening was the performance of the tion for a large class, but by combinaband and chorus, and duly to appre- tion the class may be made wholly or ciate their talent and industry, some nearly self-supporting. The first want little account of their origin and pro- is of some person of influence and gress must be given. Mr. John Hib- respectability to make the necessary bert, of Hyde, with true Christian phi- arrangements, and to watch over the lanthropy, first formed the idea of esta- conduct of the class. In securing the blishing a Sunday-school in the neigh- services of an instructor, they ought bourhood of his residence, and built a not to be contented with inferior musiroom for the purpose. A love of music cal science. A well-trained and skilful soon began to manifest itself amongst musician should be sought. The cheap his pupils: a choral society was formed, and expeditious schemes of teaching aided by an instrumental band, and music have, in Lancashire at least, weekly meetings were held, under the (which is considered not the least fatuition and superintendence of one of vourable soil for the cultivation of vocal the members. The services of Mr. D. music,) entirely failed.


Oct. 19, aged 82, JAMES POLLARD, disposition occasioned a great developand Nov. 26, aged 73, John ROBINSON, ment of charitable feeling. No beggar of Padiham, near Burnley, Lancashire. who ever presented himself at his door

Thus have departed almost together went away unrelieved, and if the weathese two primitive preachers and wor- ther was severe he always invited them thy men; and thus the little society of up to the fire. On Thursday, the 19th Padiham has lost within a few weeks of October, he was walking across the both of those Christian patriarchs to house floor to all appearance as well whose words of counsel and of prayer as usual, and became a corpse in less its members had listened for so long a than five minutes. He continued to course of years, and under whose reli- work as a weaver up to his 79th year, gious ministrations many had grown

John Robinson had more warmth up from childhood to maturity. The and determination in his temperament. history of these simple village pastors In an account which appeared in one may be briefly told. Originally Me- of the earlier numbers of the Christian thodists, they both left that body at Teacher, the difference between the two the expulsion of Mr. Cook; and when, men, we remember, was indicated by in 1817, Mr. John Ashworth (who has terming Pollard the Melancthon and written so interesting an account of this Robinson the Luther of Unitarianism secession, and who left the Methodists at Padiham. John Robinson could at the same time as Mr. Cook) came to neither read nor write at 21. At that preach at Padiham, a little society of age, however, he married and joined the separatists and their friends was the Methodists, among whom he began formed under his auspices, of which in to acquire some knowledge. He bedue time James Pollard and John Ro- came a teacher in the Sunday-school, binson became, though still working at and had an earnest desire to become a their trade as weavers, the recognized preacher, often telling his friends that ministers; and this office they filled to he would, notwithstanding all his disthe time of their last illness and death. advantages. He continued among the

James Pollard was always of a reli- Methodists till Mr. Cook's secession, gious turn, even from a child, and be- and subsequently, though by slow decame a local preacher at Bury amongst grees and at first unwillingly, was conthe Wesleyans at the early age of 16. vinced of the truth of Unitarian views, On two occasions the great Wesley like his other friends, by the study of heard him, and pronounced him “a the Scriptures and the preparation of clever young man;" but Pollard always Mr. Cook's and Mr. Ashworth's preachdeclined becoming a travelling preach. ing. During the process of his change

He did not, however, object to he suffered much, wandering in the gain his living by warping and taking lanes and fields until his friends thought care of the travelling preacher's horse. he would lose his senses. But when His industry was great, and by it he he was satisfied of the truth of these brought up four children. His personal views, he professed and advocated them neatness was remarkable, and he was with characteristic courage. From this for inany years his own housekeeper time, three or four years after Mr. up to the time of his apoplectic seizure. Cook's expulsion, he became one the His piety and righteousness of life were ministers of the little flock at Padiham, proverbial, so that people would ask of applying all the time with great indusa man, “Is he as good as old Pollard" try to his trade, taking care of a family After his stroke in July, 1846, he was of twelve children, and devoting himmuch confined to bed, but in the inter- self especially to visiting the sick. An vals of improvement would often ex- anecdote is told of Henry Robinson, press a desire to go to the chapel and which redounds much to his credit, and preach; and on some occasions, led by which shews that much of the same his friends to the pulpit, he accom- earnest spirit resided in him which plished his wishes, and preached with distinguished John. At the commenceas much clearness and power of mind ment of the struggles of the infant conas ever; so that, in fact, his last sermon gregation, and long before the present was preached five weeks only before neat and capacious building was erected, his death, when he was eighty-two years they were threatened with dissolution old. The mildness and kindness of his from the smallness of their funds. They could not pay the rent of the room in and acquaintance, the Rev. WILLIAM which they met, and consulting on what HUGHES. Mr. Hughes was born on the was to be done, Henry Robinson de 24th December, 1764, and was educated termined to put off his own house-rent, for the Christian ministry under the and pay the rent of their chapel-room. late Dr. Abraham Rees, to whom and In the building which, by the energy to whose family he was greatly attached. of friends on the spot and the liberal On leaving the Hoxton Academy, he assistance of friends at a distance, was settled at Sidmouth, of which beautisubsequently erected, old John Robin- fully situated spot, graced as it was with son took a lively and a worthy pride. courteous and warm-hearted inhabiIts erection was the great effort of his tants, like himself, he ever afterwards life, and his greatest triumph over out- spoke in terms of deep affection. While ward difficulties.


there, he had a controversy, through The latter years of these worthy men the columns of the Protestant Diswere smoothed and comforted by a senters' Magazine, on the subject of small annuity, collected by a friend Ordination. His opponent, then unfrom the contributions of several fellow- known to him, afterwards proved to be ship funds. Another friend for years the late venerable Dr. Toulmin. Mr. supplied the old men with a weekly Hughes considered that there is no copy of the Inquirer. In addition to scriptural authority for the practice, the monthly services of Mr. Ashworth, and this opinion he held through life. the congregation has now the benefit During his connection with Sidmouth he of the services of Henry Dean (who is formed an attachment with Miss Sweet, a mason), an excellent young man and only child of the late Mr. Thos. Sweet, an intelligent and acceptable minister formerly of Alvington, in the Isle of to the people. May he walk in the Wight. Of this lady he was deprived steps of the good men that have gone by death about three years after their before him!

marriage. In the year 1802, he married

Miss M'Arthur, only child of the late Nov, 25, at his residence, Starkies, who now survives him, by whom he

Mr. John M‘Arthur, of Kensington, near Bury, ABRAHAM Woop, Esq., aged had a numerous family. "On leaving 66. He, after the example of his respected father and brother, was a steady of his first marriage, he conducted the

Sidmouth, which he did about the time and consistent friend of Nonconformity. services of a chapel in Leather Lane, Without being obtrusive of his religious opinions, he never shrank from a manly

Holborn,—the former minister of this and consistent testimony in their be chapel, the late Rev. Edmund Butcher, half, in whatever society in his widely- and Mr. Hughes really exchanging pul spread connections he might happen to pits: He soon after withdrew from

the be cast. His interest in all the institu- ministry altogether, and, on his second tions of the Presbyterian chapel, Silver marriage, visited France, where he had Street, Bury, was deep, generous and determined to reside for a few years ; unfailing. In social intercourse, his and with this view, he purchased a prodeportment was ever characterized with perty in the vicinity of Angers. The urbanity and kindness. The pleasure peace of Amiens being suddenly broken, he thus diffused around him was deep- while he was preparing for his deparened by the knowledge of his sterling vessel in the Southampton river, were

ture, his goods, which were on board a integrity, his refinement of taste, his landed in the Isle of Wight, where, the judiciousness as a friend, his liberality as a townsman, his consideration as the

war with France having raged again head of a household, and his imparti- with its former fury, he determined to ality and patience in the adjudication remain. — The religious views of Mr. and administration of justice. A gra- Hughes at this time were of the Low tifying tribute of respect to his memory adopted what has been called the pro

Arian school, though he subsequently was afforded on the Sunday succeeding his funeral, by the presence of numbers per Unitarian scheme. He frequently of all sects and parties at the chapel pleaded the interests of this cause, by whose services he had attended for up- pel at Newport

when they were absent

supplying for the ministers of the chawards of half a century.

from home; and on the formation of

the Southern Unitarian Fund Society, Nov. 30, at his residence at Wid. he volunteered with others to conduct combe, in the Isle of Wight, deeply la- its fortnightly lectures; and many will mented by a numerous circle of friends long remember with what unsparing and withering indignation he treated and he willingly records his opinion the memory of the inventors of the that, in the even, consistent tenor of pious frauds which infested the earlier the life of his departed friend, the reages of the Christian church. Mr. H. mark frequently uttered by himself was was an Unitarian from thorough con- most strictly true: he has come to his viction-a conviction derived from a cri. grave “like a shock of corn fully ripe tical examination of Scripture, joined to in its season. In his family, he was a survey of the easily traceable progres. beloved as a kind husband and parent; sive corruptions of the primitive Chris- to his domestics he was courteous and tian faith. Trickery and dishonesty, kind, to his neighbours obliging, and equally in political and religious matters ready to assist in every liberal good as in private life, were perfectly abhor- word and work. The latter part of his rent to his soul. He felt strongly, and, life he spent much in considering the having a powerful and poetical imagi- Apocalyptic vision of the beloved disnation, he spake strongly, so as not a ciple. His idea of the number of the little to startle those who were not ac- Beast was, that it was more applicable customed to the general selection of to St. Athanasius than to any other expressions by which he conveyed his person or event; and for years past he sentiments to others. His critical ser- frequently affirmed that about the premons displayed great thought and acu. sent period there would probably be a men: his practical ones were marked great commotion in the European hie. by much devotional fervour, ardour of rarchies. He was lineally descended feeling, and by a beautifully appropriate from the Welch Nonconformists. In adaptation of Christian or Scriptural the Nonconformists' Memorial his anphraseology to the explanation of the cestors are noticed : their principles acprinciples and tendencies of social life tuated him. Like them, he disdained, and duties. Of geology and botany, in religious matters, to “call any man studies with which the locality of Sid- Master upon earth ;" like them, he died mouth afforded him means of becoming in faith; and sorrowing survivors may acquainted, he had acquired conside- rejoice in the feeling that, like them, he rable knowledge; and a few lectures is secure of inheriting the promises. which he delivered before the Isle of

J. F. Wight Institution, on the former science, made a deep impression on the Dec. 12, Mr. GEORGE S. KENRICK, audience from the original and lively of West Bromwich, aged 45. remarks with which the illustration of the subject was accompanied. In pri- Dec. 15, at Godley, Cheshire, in her vate life, Mr. Hughes was the inartifi- 70th year, MALLEY, the wife of Mr. cial, warm-hearted friend and Chris. Nathan DUNKERLEY. She was the tian. Of this the writer of this im- only surviving sister of the late Rev. perfect but affectionate tribute to his Nathaniel Hibbert, of Rivington, Lanmemory enjoyed repeated instances cashire, and youngest of the two daughduring an uninterrupted harmonious ters of the late Mr. Thomas Hibbert, intercourse of more than forty years; of Tetlow Fold, Godley.

Oct. 25, at Bridgewater, C. J. P. Nov. 19, at the High-Pavement cha-
BROWNE, Esq., to CLARA, daughter of pel, Nottingham, by Rev. B. Carpenter,
H. Reed, Esq., both of Bridgewater, Mr. HENRY CURTIS LITCHFIELD to Miss

Nov. 18, at the Unitarian church,
New-hall Hill, Birmingham, by Rev.

Dec. 12, at the High-Pavement chaJames Cranbrook, Mr. Felix HADLEY, pel, Nottingham, by Rev. B. Carpenter, of Lionel Street, to ELIZABETH, only Mr. ORLANDO HALLOTT to Miss Louisa daughter of Mr. William WORRALL, of

MILLER. New-hall Hill, Birmingham.

Nov. 18, at the Unitarian chapel, Dec. 19, at Upper Brook-Street chaHall Gate, Doncaster, by Rev. J. T. pel, Manchester, by Rev. A. T. Blythe, Cooper, Mr. Jas. BOOTH ROYD, of Work- John KENDAL, Esq., to Mary ALDRED, sop, to Miss Eliza ROBINSON, of Camp- widow of the late Isaac HARROP, Esq., sall, near Doncaster,

of Altringham.

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