this gallery descended to the wharf near the river's side. When were these old houses in Cecil Street, first built? No. 13 belonged to Doctor Kitchener, author, musician, and gourmand, from whom it was rented by Sir Wm. Congreve, Bart., whose inventive talents were employed in rendering it one of the most curious and commodious houses in London. H. C. "THE TOWN AND COUNTRY MAGAZINE," 1837-38. Wanted any information regarding the editor or contributors. Who was author of a review of "Werner's Twenty Fourth February" in the 3rd volume ? R. INGLIS. "SECRET HISTORY OF EUROPE.". Who was the author of The Secret History of Europe; the whole collected from Authentic Memoirs as well Manuscripts as Printed, of which the third edition, in four parts, forming three vols., was printed by Pemberton in 1715? Has the book been used by any writers of reputation, and is it considered of any historical authority? S. H.

SIR ROBERT VERNON.-In Collins's Peerage, 1812 (vol. vii. p. 404), Sir Robert Vernon, Knt., is said to have married Mary, the daughter of Sir Robert Needham, of Shenton, Salop. I shall be much obliged to any of your readers who can give me any account when the above Sir Robert was married, and when he died. He was of Hodnet; and probably the same person who was on the council of the Lords Marchers, at Ludlow, in 1609. W. B. THE REV. SAMUEL WALES, minister of Morley in Yorkshire, was author of The Whole Duty of a Christian, of which a second edition appeared in 1681. The date of the first edition, and any other particulars respecting him will oblige. He was matriculated as a sizar of Trinity College, Cambridge, July 9th, 1607, being B.A. 1611-12, and M.A. 1615.


WILLIAM WETWANG. - The seal for the Recognisances of Debtors within the borough of Richmond, is stated on the legend which it bears to have been made in the time of William Wetwang, first mayor there. What is the signification of this patronymic, and what is known of the family? M. D.

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of sweetmeats consisting of half-a-dozen of much punes (?) and wine.

Again, at Kington, a banquet of sweetmeats was prepared. At Presteign, the entertainment is costly, consisting not only of foreign wines, but the best of the neighbouring vineyards, viz., Herefordshire cyder, then reputed to be a favourite liquor at the English Court.

Can any of your correspondents inform me what was commonly understood in the seventeenth century by a banquet of sweetmeats? Not, I presume, something similar to the oriental custom of handing about such delicacies on visits of ceremony.

"Much panes " probably was some sort of cake. The twenty chargers of sweetmeats seem an extraordinary present to a traveller in England at any period, though perhaps even as early as the year 1682 the ancient capital of Salop may have maintained a reputation for Shrewsbury cakes.


[Muchpane is better known to antiquaries as Marchpane, a sweet biscuit composed of almonds and sugar, pounded and baked together, and according to Minshew, originally sacred to Mars, and stamped with a castle. It was a common article in the desserts of "Merry Old England," and to make it was considered a female accomplishment, for Drayton tells us —

"The silk well couth she twist and twine,

And make the fine marchpane." (Ecl. iv.)

At the inthronisation feast of Abp. Warham, all his honours and offices were drawn, depicted, and delineated, in gilded marchpane upon the banqueting dishes. (Weever, Fun. Monum., p. 232, fol. edit.) Here we have "the banquet of sweetmeats." When Queen Elizabeth visited Cambridge, the University presented their Chancellor, Sir William Cecil, with two pair of gloves, a marchpane, and two sugar-loves. (Peck's Desiderata Curiosa, ii. 29.) Castles, and other figures, were often made of marchpane to decorate splendid desserts, and were demolished by shooting or throwing sugar-plums at them:

"They barred their gates, Which we as easily tore unto the earth, As I this tower of marchpane."

Beaumont & Fletcher, Faithful Friends, iii. 2. such an encounter in his Praise of Hempseed, p. 66. ReTaylor, the water-poet, has more particularly described specting the origin of the name of Marchpane, consult Nares's Glossary, s. v.]

JOANNA SOUTHCOTT. In Bohn's edition of Lowndes, the title of several works are given, and he adds, "This celebrated fanatic published numerous other pamphlets." Can yourself or any of your readers help me to a complete list. There were also several curious and mystical pamphlets published by one of her disciples, Elias Carpenter. I am desirous to ascertain their titles.

T. B.

Subjects. Consult also a list of tracts on this singular [See Watt's Bibliotheca Britannica, both Authors and

fanatic in Davidson's Bibliotheca Devoniensis, pp. 196-199. But probably the most complete collection preserved of the

extraordinary productions by and relating to this wonderful imposture was that made by Sir Francis Freeling, together with cuttings from all the newspapers, and bound in 7 vols. 8vo. 1803 to 1815. The titles of the principal tracts fill a page of Thorpe's Catalogue, Part III. 1850, art. 2722. For another very rare collection in 6 vols. 8vo, see J. C. Hotten's Catalogue for October, 1858. Elias Carpenter published the following works:1. Nocturnal Alarm; being an Essay on Prophecy and Vision: or, a Brief Examination of some Remarkable Things under those heads which have recently appeared in the world. London, 8vo, 1803.

2. Modern Realities; or, the Substance following the Shadow; being a Reply to "Modern Visionaries," by J. T. Lond. 8vo, 1805.

3. Who are the Deluded? or, Mystery Unmasked, being a few extracts from a faithful record of Spiritual Teachings, viz. Revelations and Visions communicated to a deceased character, &c. Lond. 8vo, 1805.

4. An Apology for Faith, and Detection of existing Errors subversive of the Truth. With a selection of Communications from the Invisible World, announcing the Redeemer's Triumphant Appearance. 1814.

Lond. 8vo,

5. The Missionary Magazine; or, an Apology for Faith, being an Explanation of Joanna Southcott's Mission. Lond. 8vo, 1814. See also

Divine and Spiritual Communications through Thomas Dowland to Elias Carpenter for the British Nation, declaring what is coming upon this and all Nations. With an Introduction by J. F. Dession. Lond. 12mo,


The following anonymous work is attributed to Elias Carpenter:-" "The Extraordinary Case of a Piccadilly Patient, or Dr. Reece Physick'd by Six Female Physicians. Lond. 8vo. 1815."]

PETER MANWOOD: ROGER WILLIAMS Mr. J. T. Bodel Nyenhuid, of Leyden, begs me to propose the following:

1. Who was Peter Manwood, who, in the year 1618, dedicated to Francis Bacon of Verulam his edition of the Actions of the Low Countries, by Roger Williams, then just being published in London? I find a Roger Manwood mentioned as living in 1580, and deceased in 1593; but of course this is not the person I want information about.

2. Would any one in London be kind enough to lend me for perusal a copy of Roger Williams, A brief Discourse of War, with his Opinions concerning some part of Martial Discipline (London, 1590), an excellent book," according to A. Wood in his Athena Oxonienses, 1721, t. i. p. 281 ?


The transmission might be effected by any of the many London booksellers corresponding with the Dutch. JOHN H. VAN LENNEP.

Zeyst, near Utrecht, Nov. 16, 1863.

[Sir Peter Manwood of St. Stephen's, alias Hackington, in Kent, was the eldest son of Sir Roger Manwood, Chief Baron of the Exchequer. Sir Peter was Sheriff of Kent in 44th Elizabeth, and made Knight of the Bath in 1603, at the coronation of James I. He was M.P. for Sandwich in the years 1588, 1593, and 1597. He was not only eminently learned himself, but a patron of learned men. He is mentioned with great respect by Camden, and was a member of the Society of Antiquaries in 1617,

Sir Peter

He married

when application was made for a charter. died in 1625, leaving a numerous issue. Frances, daughter of Sir George Hart of Lullingstone in Kent, who survived her husband, and died in 1638. Vide Boys's Hist. of Sandwich, 1792, p. 249; and Hasted's Kent, iii. 595.]

THE FAULT-BAG. A reference is required to an old version of the fable which says that every man has a bag hanging before him, in which he puts his neighbours' faults, and another behind him, in which he stows his own. R.

[See Phædrus, Fabularum Æsopiarum, lib. iv. fab. 11, "De Vitiis Hominum." We give Christopher Smart's translation:


"Great Jove, in his paternal care,
Has giv'n a man two Bags to bear;
That which his own default contains
Behind his back unseen remains;
But that which other's vice attests
Swags full in view before our breasts.
Hence we're inevitably blind,
Relating to the Bag behind;
But when our neighbours misdemean,
Our censures are exceeding keen."]

PORTIO: PENSIO.-In Pope Nicolas's Taxation' 1291, the value of some churches is made up (if I rightly read it) of porciones and pensiones. I have supposed that a pensio is the payment received by a mother church from its dependent parishes. Is this so? And what is a porcio?

T. B. J.

["Pensiones" are fixed sums of money paid to incumbents in lieu of tithes. Sometimes it is a fixed sum, with which a benefice is charged, to pay annually to some monastery or bishop. Sometimes benefices are charged with an annual sum ("pensio ") to be paid to a chapel of ease, or even to another benefice: it is always a fixed sum. A "portio" is not a fixed sum, but a certain proportion of tithes, and payable to similar parties, &c., in a similar manner.]

HISTORY OF FAIRS. I should feel obliged if any of the readers of "N. & Q." can inform me where I can inspect the largest and best collections for the history of the various metropolitan and provincial fairs from the earliest periods.

J. H.

[Our correspondent should endeavour to obtain permission to inspect the curious collections of the late J. J. A. Fillinham, Esq., sold by Puttick and Simpson on August 7, 1862. The two lots (352, 353) on Bartholomew Fair fetched 97.; and his miscellaneous collections (lot 395) for the history of May, Bow, Horn, Fairlop, Greenwich, and Camberwell Fairs, sold for 15s. See also lot 396 for his notices of the Fair in Hyde Park in 1838; and lot 408 for those of Frost Fairs on the Thames, mounted in quarto.]

FRITH-SILVER. The clerk of my parish informs me that up to the last fifteen or twenty years, a payment, chargeable on the poor rates of the parish, was annually made to Lord Somers, and that it bore commonly the above name.

Can any

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[The payment called Frith-silver was a query in our 1 S. xii. 428; but elicited no reply. As Frith is still used in the provinces for ground overgrown with bushes, or underwood; and for fields which have been taken from woods: so Frith-silver may be a sort of fee-farm rent paid to the lord of a manor in lieu of a certain number of faggots or wood for domestic purposes.]

PARISH OF ST. HELEN'S, ABINGDON, BERK SHIRE.-Can you inform me whether the old accounts of the churchwardens of this parish have been published? and if so, in what work may they be found? Some curious extracts have been given by the late Dr. Stuart in his Protestant Layman, pp. 331-340 (Belfast, 1828.) ABHBA. [See the Archæologia, vol. i. pp. 11-23, for " Extracts from the Churchwardens' Accompts of the Parish of St. Helen's, in Abington, Berkshire, from the first Year of the Reign of Philip and Mary to the 34th of Queen Eliza beth, now in the possession of the Rev. G. Benson, with some Observations upon them, by J. Ward."]



(3rd S. iv. 246, 328.)

That self-constituted functionary. the once notorious "Devil's Chaplain "-has long since finished his earthly ministry; there appears to be now a demand for a "Devil's Librarian," let us hope a more harmless officer, - and candidates seem not wanting for the post.

A satisfactorily complete bibliography of the subject would occupy more than one number of "N. & Q." When such a special part shall be called for-the "Devil's number," it may be appropriately designated - I may again contribute my mite of information. Pending this, the following supplementary Notes may be of service.

An attainable pamphlet on the subject, and perhaps one of the most useful that your correspondent could be referred to, is

"An Inquiry into the Existence of a Personal Devil, 8vo. London, Sherwood & Co., 1848, pp. 96. Price 1s. 6d."

(The first edition of this, in 1842, was simply entitled The Devil. But this title was objected to as not being sufficiently explanatory of the object of the book, and as partaking of ludicrousness.")

I may also cite

"An Investigation of the Scriptural Claims of the Devil, with an Explanation of the Terms Sheol, Hades, and Gehenna, by Russell Scott. 8vo, 1822."

"A Letter to the Rev. George Harris, containing an Examination of the Arguments adduced in his Lectures to prove the Non-Existence of the Devil. 8vo. Liverpool, 1820."

(This, I believe, was written by Dr. Barr, minister of the Scotch Church, Liverpool.)

"The Devil: Twelve Reasons for disbelieving in his Personal Existence, by Owen Howell. 12mo. London: Cousins, 1860."

"Gehenna: Its Monarch and its Inhabitants; a Dissertation on the Site, Extent, and Antiquities of the Kingdom of Hell; embracing a great variety of Information respecting its Monarch, &c., by J. Napier Bailey. 8vo. Leeds, 1841."

"Essay on Evil Spirits; or Reasons to Prove their Existence, by William Carlisle. 12mo, 1825, &c."

Reference many profitably be made to such Plancey; the Zauber-Bibliothek of G. C. Horst books as the Dictionnaire Infernal of Collin de (6 vols. 8vo, Mainz, 1821-26); the Dæmonologia of Don Franc. Torrebianca (4to, Moguntiæ, 1623); the Démonologie of Fr. Perreaud (Genève, 8vo, 1653); De Operatione Dæmonum Dialogus of Michaelis Psellius (8vo, Lutetiæ, 1615); the Theatrum Diabolorum (folio, Frankfurt, 1575; comprising twenty-four treatises of the power of the Devil, through the vices of mankind); the De Dæmoniacis, liber unus, of Petrus Thyræus (4to, Colon. 1594); the De Prestigiis Dæmonum of Wierus (in his Opera Omnia, 4to, Amsterdam, 1660). The answers to Wier by Bodin, &c.; Porphyrius, De Divinis et Demonibus, &c.

Then there is Defoe's well-known History of the Devil; a Histoire du Diable, 12mo, 2 vols. Amsterdam; and the Mémoires du Diable of Frédéric Soulié. The two last are romances, the one poor, the other clever, but immoral. Besides these, there is the Auswahl aus des Teufels Papieren of Jean Paul Richter, 8vo, 1789, and the Memoiren des Satans of Wilhelm Hauff. Of course it is to their titles alone that these satirical romances are indebted for a place in Satanic bibliography.

The subject, treated in full, would include the controversy concerning the Demoniacks of the Gospel, in which Farmer, Worthington, Fell, Sykes, Hutchinson, Twells, Lardner, Semler, &c. took part. A collection, formed by Dr. Harwood, of fifteen of these works, was recently offered for sale by Kerslake, Bristol, who might still have it on hand. Vide also Watt and Lowndes on this latter department of the subject.



I have an impression that MR. GROSART has not such a virgin soil to cultivate as he calculates on. The 1400 pages of the Theatrum Diabolorum, published by Sigmund Feyraberd (Frankfort, 1587), with the three or four hundred authorities systematically catalogued at the commencement of the work, can scarcely be described as a fugitive paper. The first two hundred pages on "Der Teuffel Selbs," seems to contain more especially what your correspondent inquires for. Demonology and witchcraft (for the two are so connected

that I have found it impracticable to separate them in cataloguing my own library), form an extensive subject. I have not Watt's Bibliotheca within reach, but at the risk of writing what I might not have done if I had had it to refer to, I have selected from my own shelves the following, as being sufficiently curious to particularise:

Aubrey's Miscellanies and the notes to Bordelon's History of Mons. Oufle contain kindred matter: and other works on similar subjects, which I will not further trespass on your space by describing, may be traced under the names of Fraser, Glanvil, Hale, James I., Hutchinson, Granville Sharp, Sir Walter Scott, Swinden, Tryon, Webster, &c. J. F. M.

For some curious illustrations of the Icono

Bekker, Balthazar, D.D.: The World bewitch'd, or an Examination of the common Opinions concerning Spirits, their Nature, Power, Administration, and Operations. 12mo, London, 1695. Beaumont, John: Historical, Physiological, and The-graphy of the Evil Spirit, see M. Didron's Iconoological Treatise of Spirits (containing, among other things, an Answer to the preceding work). 8vo, London,


Bovett, Richard: Pandemonium, or the Devil's Cloyster. Two parts. 12mo, London, 1684.

Cotta, John: Infallible, trve and assvred Witch. 4to,

London, 1624.

De Lancre, Pierre: Tableau de l'Inconstance des mavvais Anges et Demons, ov il est amplement traicté des sorciers et de la sorcelerie. 4to, à Paris, 1612.

[De Loier, Pierre]: Treatise of Specters, or straunge Sights, Visions, and Apparitions, appearing sensibly vnto men; wherein is delivered the nature of Spirites, Angels, and Divels, their Power and Properties, &c. [translated from the French by Zacharie Jones]. 4to, London, 1605.

Du Lude, Comte: Aauovoλóyia, or a Treatise of Spirits, wherein several Places of Scripture are expounded against the vulgar Errors concerning Witchcraft, Apparitions, &c. 8vo, London, 1723.

Giffard, George: Dialogue concerning Witches and Witchcrafts; in which is layed open how craftily the Diuell deceiueth not onely the Witches but many other, and so leadeth them awrie into manie great Errours. 4to, London, 1603.

Lawrence, Henry: Of our Communion and Warre with Angels. 4to, printed A.D. 1646.

Perkins, William: Discovrse of the damned Art of Witchcraft, so farre forth as it is reuealed in the Scriptures, and manifest by true experience. 8vo, Cambridge, 1610.

Roberts, Alexander: Treatise of Witchcraft, wherein sundry propositions are laid downe, plainely discouering the wickednesse of that damnable Art, with Diuerse other special points annexed, not impertinent to the same. 4to, London, 1616.

Scot, Reginald: Discovery of Witchcraft, &c., whereunto is added a Discourse of Devils and Spirits. Fol. London, 1665.

Torreblanca, Don Francisco: Dæmonologia, sivè de Magia Naturali, Dæmoniaca, licita et illicita, deq. aperta et occulta interueuntione et inuocatione dæmonis. 4to, Mogvntiæ, 1623.

Wagstaffe, John: The Question of Witchcraft Debated, or a Discourse against their Opinion that affirm Witches, considered and enlarged. 8vo, London, 1671.

Magica: De Spectris et Apparitionibus Spiritü, de Vaticiniis Divinationibus, &c. 12mo, Lug. Bat. 1656.

Secrets of the Invisible World laid open, or a General History of Apparitions, Sacred and Prophane, whether Angelical, Diabolical, or departed Souls. 12mo, London,


Trinvm Magicvm, sive Secretorvm Magicorvm opvs. 12mo, Frankfort, 1630. [It contains a "Tractatus de proprii cujusque nati dæmonis inquisitione," which, from identity of title, I presume to be one of the treatises referred to by PROFESSOR DE MORGAN.]

graphie Chrétienne, Paris, 1843, one volume only published: Satan, with a nimbus, tormenting Job, tenth century, pp. 138, 139. The Temptation, twelfth century, pp. 259, 260. The Spirit of Evil, of Evil, pp. 519-521. black and bat-winged, pp. 452-454. The Trinity

JOB J. BARDWell Workard, M.A.

"O thou, whate'er thie name,

Or Zabalus or Queed,*
Comme, steel mie sable spryte

For fremde and dolefulle dede."

So sang Rowlie, or some other under that name; and in tracing the existence of an evil spirit, whether in Milton's "nonsense" or in Mr. Beckford's hall of Eblis, I hope your correspondent, MR. GROSART, will not forget to look into De Foe's History of the Devil, Ancient and Modern, a book far more reverential than the title would seem to indicate.


DEVIL, A PROPER NAME (3rd S. iv. 141, 418.) A. A. will find "Devil" used as a patronymic in the following instance. It is in the account of the engagement of the privateer, the "Terrible," with the "Vengeance" in 1758-Captain Death of the "Terrible" was killed, and out of his crew but twenty-six were found alive, when the enemy boarded, and out of these sixteen had lost a leg or arm, and the other ten were wounded.

A note in the History of England (Hume & Smollett's, with continuation by Rev. T. S. Hughes) adds:

"There was a strange combination of names belonging to this Privateer: the Terrible, equipped at Execution Dock, commanded by Captain Death, whose lieutenantwas called Devil, and who had one Ghost for surgeon."Vol. xii. p. 257.

Again, the following extract from Howitt's Visits to Remarkable Places may prove of interest:

"Dilston, the ancient seat of the Earls of Derwentwater, is beautifully situated on an eminence within a mile of the river Tyne, at its confluence with the "Devil's Water," three miles east of Hexham, and eighteen west of Newcastle. Dilston is a corruption of Devilstone, and was originally the residence of the family of that name.

* I. e. Diabolus, the accuser or calumniator; Queed, Belg. quaede, the wicked one.

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A short note, at the page here cited, showed a connection with the Nortons of Sharpenhoe. I have lately noticed, in the preface to the reprint of Gorboduc, issued in 1847 by the Shakspeare Society, the statement of the editor that little was known of the family of Thomas Norton. As the pedigree to which I referred gives much light on this point, I venture to copy a portion; believing your readers will feel an interest in these details concerning the author of the "earliest tragedy in the English language." This pedigree, signed by John Philipott, Somersett, was "partly added" by Thomas Norton, the author.

Instead of being of an obscure family, it is here claimed that his great-grandfather was son of Sir John Norton, alias Norvile; who married a daughter of the Lord Grey de Ruthyn, referring for proof to the will of Joane Norland, daughter

of the said Sir John.

John Norton, of Sharpenhoe, had a son John Norton; who had by a second wife, Jane, daughter of John Cowper, seven children: Thomas Norton, the eldest son, was of Sharpenhoe, and is mentioned by Mr. Cooper in his preface. He married, first, Elizabeth Merry; and had Margaret, who married a Symons, Thomas, the author, and Joan, who married first a Spicer, and secondly a Barrett. He married secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Marshall, and widow of Ralph Radcliff; and had Luke, who married Lettice, daughter of George Gravely. He married, thirdly, the widow of Mr. Osborne; and had Daniel, Barnabas, and Isaac.

Thomas Norton, the author, son of the above Thomas by his first wife, married first Margaret, daughter of Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, who died s. p.; and secondly Alice, daughter of Edmond Cranmer, brother of Thomas, by whom he had five children. These were: 1. Anne, who married Sir George Coppin, and had Robert and Thomas; 2. Elizabeth, who married first Miles Raynesford, and had Robert and Garrett, and secondly, Symon Bassell, by whom she had Symon; 3. Thomas, died at Cambridge; 4. Robert Norton, who married Anne, daughter of Robert Heure, and had Thomas, Robert, Thomas, Richard, and Anne; 5. Henry, died s. p. prob. ; 6. William, who married Ruth Harding.

These facts are in part confirmed by Mr. William Durrant Cooper's memoir.

Richard Norton, uncle of our author, married Margery Wingar of Sharpenhoe; and had William, who married first Margery, daughter of William Hawes, and widow of Mr. Hamon; and secondly, Dennis Cholmley, niece of Sir Nicholas Hare, Master of the Rolls. By his first wife he had William, who married Alice, daughter of John Browest; and had John and William, who came to New England. Of these, John was born May 6, 1606, at Starford (Bishop's Stortford?), in Hertfordshire; was a noted clergyman, and came here in 1634.

If these facts relative to so distinguished a writer are new to English readers, is it not a fresh proof of the necessity of more frequent and liberal exchanges of information between Old England and New?

Will not some of your readers follow up the clue, and give us more particulars as to these W. H. WHITMORE. relatives of Cranmer ? Boston, U. S. A.

TITUS OATES (3rd S. iv. 373.) — Eighteen Catholics were executed as traitors implicated in Oates's pretended plot. Accounts are given of the following sufferers in Bishop Challoner's Memoirs of Missionary Priests and other Catholics, who have suffered Death in England on Religious Accounts from 1577 to 1684:

1678. Edward Coleman, gentleman. 1679. William Ireland, S. J.

John Grove, layman.

Thomas Pickering, laybrother, O. S. B.
Lawrence Hill, layman.
Robert Green, layman.

Thomas Whitebread, alias Harcot, Provincial,
S. J.

William Harcourt, alias Waring, S. J.
John Fenwick, S. J.

John Gowan, or Gawan, S. J.

Anthony Turner, S. J.

Edward Mico, S. J., died in prison.

Thomas Momford, alias Bedingfield, S. J., died
in prison.

Francis Nevill, S. J., died from being flung down
stairs by the pursuivants who took him.
Thomas Jenison, S. J., died in prison.
Richard Langhorne, gentleman.

1680. William, Viscount Stafford.

The above all suffered under the false charge of being concerned in Oates's plot; but several other priests and lay Catholics suffered either death or imprisonment for their religion alone, in consequence of the renewed activity of informers occasioned by the infamous perjuries of Oates and Bedloe. F. C. H.

"TOM TIDLER'S GROUND" (3rd S. iv. 454.) Whatever may be the locality, or the real signifi

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