From the Charivari.

THE bankrupt, Felix Cool, was opposed by a learned barrister on behalf of several creditors. The debts were very unimportant to every one but the creditors, amounting only to a few thousand pounds; and the assets were of that nature that the time of the assignees would not be wasted in collecting them.

The Bankrupt. My income has hitherto been so much-say so much in round numbers. Suppose it be as much again as half. I have no objection to pay over to my creditors that portion of it which I can do without-say the half, and I will keep the as much again, that is to say, it shall be proportioned into two. I will take the as much again as half, and the remainder my creditors are welcome to.

Sir C. F. Williams. This seems very fair. (To Sir C. F. Williams said, this was so far favorable the Bankrupt :) I don't think you can do more. to the bankrupt, for he had evidently set an exam- The Bankrupt. We have been doing all we could ple of punctuality in receiving all he earned, though, for some time, I can assure you. We only want to in paying all he owed, the same business-like ex-be set upon our legs again. It is really bad enough actitude, had, unfortunately, not been exhibited. to owe the money, and not to have it; but to be There was one thing, however, that he, (Sir C. Flectured about it into the bargain, is rather too Williams,) would take the liberty of asking the bankrupt, namely, how he came to get so much into debt in so short a period?

The bankrupt replied that he had gone on as fair a system as he could. For instance, he wanted goods, and asked for them, and got them. The tradesman then wanted the money, and asked for it, and did not get it; and that was all the difference. (Laughter, in which the Commissioner joined.)

Sir C. F. Williams admitted that there was a


Sir C. F Williams. But why did you go away from your creditors?

The Bankrupt. What was the use of staying with
them? We are blamed for going to our creditors
at all; and now we are blamed for not going to
them, when we really could do them no good-for
we of course could not pay them. So we went to
Margate, intending to settle with every body.
Sir C. F. Williams. A very good intention. But

good deal of truth in that, but he saw that the bank-pray how was it to be carried out?
rupt had been to Margate with a very large sum of
money. What had become of that?

The Bankrupt. That's exactly what I want to know (a laugh). All I know, is, that I went, and the money went. I came back again, and I should be very glad to see the money come back again also. (Laughter.)

Sir C. F. Williams. That seems to me a very fair and straightforward wish on the part of the bankrupt. He would like to see the money back again -probably to divide it amongst his creditors. I really don't see what more he could do, if he had the money now in his pocket. My only wish is to see justice done.

A Creditor. Yes, that's all very fine; but we are done as well as justice. (Cries of Hear.)

Sir C. F. Williams. Silence! I sit here as a judge, and if these interruptions are to take place, I will have the Court cleared. (To the Bankrupt :) Here are some items I cannot understand. What became of all the money you earned in the last year? The Bankrupt. That's what puzzles me. Some of it went this way, and some that way, and some the other.

A Creditor. None of it seems to have come this way. (A laugh.)

The Bankrupt. We had not time to think of that. I told one of my principal creditors, some months ago, that I would if I could, but I couldn't. If I could, it is possible now that I should; and hereaf ter I will if I can-but that depends on circumstances. I mean, of course, my own circumstances.

Sir C. F. Williams hoped it would be so. He (Sir C. F. Williams) would be glad to see the bankrupt begin the world again

A Creditor. Hadn't he better begin at the other end-for if he begins in the old way, there will be little good result from it. (A laugh.)

Sir C. F. Williams thought this a very unfair observation; and, after a few encouraging remarks to the Bankrupt, the inquiry terminated.


From the Literary Gazette.

The laugh of my childhood! I remember it well, And long in my mind will the melody dwell; How gaily, how loudly, it rose on the air, The voice of a spirit unblighted by care, Whose feelings and passions no discord had known ; Sir C. F. Williams. That laughter is very inde-Like the chords of an instrument sweetly in tone, cent, and I will certainly protect the feelings of the It gave out rich music :-that music is o'er, Bankrupt as well as my own dignity (To the The laugh of my childhood will never ring more! Bankrupt :) I see an item for keeping a carriage. What trifles would oft to that laughter give birth! Pray can you favor us with an explanation of that? For my bosom as quickly reflected each mirth The Bankrupt. In the first place a carriage is As the unsullied breast of a mirror-like stream cheaper. It takes you where you like, when you So faithfully answers the morning's first beam, like, and how you like. It puts you down, takes Or moves to the breath of the gentlest wind. you up, drives you on, carries you off, whisks you But now, all unheeded, no answer they find; round, and brings you home in no time. For dry is the fountain that fed the bright riverThe laugh of my childhood is silent forever. I may yet wear a smile, but it seems like the ghost That haunteth the home where the substance is lost;

Sir C. F. Williams. That's very true. is it cheaper than a cab or an omnibus?

But how

The Bankrupt. Why, clearly, it must be cheaper. If you get into a cab or an omnibus, you must dip into your ready money. You exhaust your capital, you cripple your means, and empty your pockets; so that the pockets of your creditors naturally suffer in the end. But if you have a private carriage, your account, as well as your carriage, will keep running on. (A laugh.)

Sir C. F. Williams (smiling.) That is true to a certain extent. But what do you propose to do


I may yet try to laugh, but so strange and so drear
Is the sound of that laugh as it falls on mine ear,
That startled I shrink from its alter'd tone,
To dream of the gladness that once was mine own:
Oh could I recall it! my wishes are vain,
The laugh of my childhood will ne'er sound again.



the Royal arms richly emblazoned, enclosed in the garter and motto. The edge of the cushion is embellished with a beautiful wreath of flowers, the upper edge finished with blue and silver cord, and the lower edge with blue and silver gimp. On the back is worked the Prince of Wales's plume and motto, surmounted with an ornamental shell and scroll, and beneath are roses and lilies. This elaborate piece of workmanship is the produce of the factory of Mr. Carse, an upholsterer in Lynn. The chair was forwarded last week to the Lord Chamberlain, by whom it was presented to her Majesty, and was most graciously accepted.--Suffolk Herald.

TRIBUTE TO WORTH.-The following just eulogy on the Society of Friends, has met our eye in a small work by Mr. Goyder, entitled, Acquisitiveness its Uses and Abuses. "If I wished to point to a model where wealth seems to have been accumulated for the sole purpose of doing good, would hold up to admiration the people called Quakers. They are wealthy almost to a man; and where, throughout Christendom, in its varied ramifications, is there a body of people who have done so much good, and with so much disinterestedness? not choosing their own connection as the sole recipients of their bounty, but extending it to every shade of religious creed. In the proper and legitimate uses of wealth, I present this people as a model worthy of general imitation. The late venerated Richard Reynolds, of Bristol, who had amassed a princely fortune in the iron trade, looked upon himself merely as the steward of the Almighty. His entire income, after deducting the moderate expenses of his family, was devoted to benevolence; and he thought his round of duty still incomplete, unless he devoted his time likewise. He deprived himself of slumber to watch beside the bed of sickness and pain, and to administer consolation to the heart bruised with affliction. On one occasion he wrote to a friend in London, requesting to know what object of charity remained, stating that he had not spent the whole of his income. His friend informed him of a number of persons confined in prison for small debts. He paid the whole, and swept the miserable mansion of its distressed tenants. Most of his donations were enclosed in blank covers, bearing the modest signature of A Friend.' A lady once applied to him in behalf of an orphan, saying, When he is old enough, I will teach him to name and thank his benefactor.' 'Nay,' replied the good man, thou art wrong. We do not thank the clouds for rain. Teach him to look higher, and to thank Him who giveth both the clouds and the rain. My talent is the meanest of all talents-a little sordid dust; but as the man in the parable was accountable for his one talent, so am I accountable to the great Lord of all. -Chambers's Edin-made to apply to the first person in the realm. burgh Journal.

THE HYACINTH.-This flower was originally found near Aleppo and Bagdad, where it still grows in great abundance in a wild state. The garden species (Hyacinthus Orientalis) which was brought to England before 1596, as Gerard speaks of it as a well-known flower, without saying when it was introduced. Up to the beginning of the present century, the only varieties known were blue, white, and pink; but many new and brilliant colors have since been superadded by cultivation. So much, indeed, is the hyacinth now esteemed, that it is regarded, in its season, as an indispensable ornament to every drawing-room.-Chamb. Ed. Jour.

GALLIC PROPHECIES OF THE PROXIMATE DESTRUCTION OF GREAT BRITAIN.--The Almanach Prophetique for the present year, 1844, has the following agreeable and philanthropic announcement of the approaching annihilation of Great Britain, drawn from the prophecies of Bug de Milhas, (he being placed in the first rank,) of St. John the Evangelist, of Isaiah, and of Ezekiel. The first, (Bug de Milhas,) in his last prophecy regarding the future, (see Al. Proph. year 1841,) says-" Great fires will be alighted throughout Europe, wars among kings and people will commence, and in this catalogue Great Britain will no longer exist," &c. The first and second verses of the seventeenth chapter of Revelations are then quoted, as applicable to Great Britain. This is followed by the quotation of the 10th, 11th, 15th, and 19th verses of the seventh chapter of Ezekiel. That the sword is without (v. 15,) is shown by reference to China, Affghanistan, and the East generally; and that famine and pestilence are within, by the reports of the daily papers.

The Prophet Isaiah is next quoted, in the 1st, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th verses of the forty-seventh chapter: "I was wroth with my people," is made to apply to Ireland: "O daughter of the Chaldeans," as illustrative of what place was alluded to in the denunciations of the prophet against the virgin daughter of Babylon, is carefully omitted; and the words "these two things shall come to thee in a moment, in one day, the loss of children and widowhood," are evidently

Happy is it that a Providence far removed from mortal rancor, watches over them.-Court Journal.

SINGULAR WILL.-A gentleman of the name of Hobart, who died suddenly in May last, has left a testamentary paper, in the form of a letter, written shortly before his death, to a Mr. Blake of Norwich, in which he directs that the liberal sum of 4,4251. shall be applied to the execution of an equestrian statue oF HIMSELF! This laudable provision against the country's being put to any expense in the care of his immortality, has been met by the narrow and unartistic spirit of self-interest; and the paper propounded as a will, has been opposed in the Ecclesiastical Court. Drs. Adams and Robertson, civilA PRESENT TO THE PRINCE OF WALES.- An ians by title, but iconoclasts for the occasion, conelegant little armchair has been manufactured of tended against the probate on the illiberal ground English oak, grown in Norfolk, so beautifully veined" that so absurd a legacy afforded evidence of the as in some degree to resemble zebra-wood, and incapacity of the deceased." This is, unquestionhighly polished by friction. On the upper part of ably, not the illustration of himself which the testhe back, above the needlework, are a lion's head, tator designed; and Sir Herbert Jenner Fust was with coronets on each side, also a rose and a thistle, of that opinion, though even his language is less and e twined oak branches. The front legs of the civil than so large an outlay may have been expectchair rest on lion's paws, each grasping a ball.ed to command. The learned judge was of opinion The chair was manufactured for Mrs. Paul, widow that, "though the bequest might be an evidence of of the late Dr. Paul, whose needlework adorned the egregious vanity of the deceased, it was not and finished this unique and elegant article. The cushion of needlework displays on a buff ground

sufficient to justify the Court in holding that he was insane:" and he admitted the paper to probate. So

we shall have the statue; and some lucky artist will benefit by the national senti nent for art to the very convincing amount of 4,000 and some odd pounds.-Ath.

A TRAVELLED LETTER.-A man belonging to Leslie, a passenger to America, in the ship Robert Morrow, wrote to his friends while in the Murray Firth; but finding no opportunity to get the letter ashore, or to throw it into a homeward-bound ship, he put it into a sealed bottle, and threw it into the sea 1000 miles distant from the spot where it was written. This was done May 16, 1842, and, on January 3, 1844, the bottle was picked up between Stromo and Waago, in the Faro Islands. From this the bottle was transmitted to the Danish Legation, London, and from that to its destination at Leslie, which it reached on the 14th ult.-Fife Herald.

DOG FETE. The love entertained by the élégantes of Paris for King Charles's spaniels may be imagined at its height, by the following incident, which we abstract from the pages of the Constitutionel; it has not been unusual, for some time past, to pay for these tiny favorites a price equal to that given for a fine horse.

so that he must inevitably fall off; and secondly, that beggars on horseback proverbially ride to the devil, and therefore kings on horseback, who should do the very reverse in the direction of Heaven, do not move at all.

The king rides, as all figures with cloths instead of coats on their shoulders do, without stirrups, and looks marvellously ill at his ease and imbecile with his legs dangling down. In his right hand he holds a large roll of bills (marking the time when he was Prince of Wales), but it is clear that though he has given the bridle to his horse, he is not flying from his creditors.

The horse has been as much criticised and found fault with as if he had been a real horse. It is asked what sort of horse he is like, and we should answer, a clothes-horse, but for the unfortunate fact that his rider is so slightly and insufficiently apparelled.

A thousand years hence, when the thing is dug up from some heap of congenial rubbish, it will be supposed to be the figure of a fat ostler with a sack over his shoulders (a covering often so worn on a rainy day), riding a horse to water. The roll in his hand will be taken for a stick broken in the attempt to beat the animal into a pace, and the bridle on the neck as denoting the rider's despair of any need of the curb with such a steed.

When the Trafalgar-Square monuments


A great Russian lady, la Comtesse ****, has just given a singular fête; the invitations were sent, not to the owners of these little animals, but to the animals themselves, being thus expressed-complete, the mast-headed Admiral, the George "Les chiens de Mme la Comtesse *** ont l'hon- the Fourth, the Charles the First, the George the neur de prier les chiens de Mme la Duchesse de *** Third, all together, it will be seen that the happy de venir passer la matinée chez eux. Il y aura à idea of such grouping is derived from Madame goûter." This whim obtained a brilliant succès. Tussaud's Wax-work Exhibition, where Mr. WilPresentations were made according to the pre-berforce is grouped with Fieschi, Lord Eldon scribed rules of etiquette-some slight improprie ties took place-some few grumblings were heard at luncheon, (but what society is free from grumblers ?)--in a word, gaiety pervaded the assembly. Every one laughed, and what more could be desired-Court Journal.

THE TRAFALGAR-SQUARE ENORMITIES." My eyes,' ," cried an old sailor, on seeing the Nelson monument," they've mast-headed the Admiral!" They have indeed. There he is at the masthead like a midshipman who has incurred the captain's wrath.

coupled with Oliver Cromwell, Mrs. Fry with Mother Brownrigg --Examiner.

THE MICROSCOPICAL SOCIETY.-The attendance of members was unusually large at the last meeting of this Society. Mr. C. Pearce was called to the chair.

The first object brought under the focus of the microscope was the dividend of a Waterloo-bridge share. After many experiments, in which the strongest light, including the hydro-oxygen, had been thrown upon it, the dividend was declared to The mast is sufficiently represented by the col- approach nearest in shape to that of a round figure, umn, and the capital of it is in the closest resem-with nothing at all in it, which, upon an increased blance to cross-trees. There are no shrouds, force of the glass, was found to be a perfect 0. The and for this good reason, that the absence of them shareholder whose eyes had been opened during accounts for the Admiral's having such a long spell the investigation, seemed to be forcibly struck with of punishment, seeing that he cannot come down the accuracy of the result. The dividend was or again. dered to be deposited in the Museum of the Microscopical Society.

To stick up an admiral at the mast-head is much the same sort of thing as putting a grown gentleman The next object submitted to the microscope, into the corner with a fool's cap on his head. It was one day's ration of food as allowed by the may, however, be considered as a stern example of Commissioners in a Poor-law Union. The microthe rigor of naval discipline. The hero in the na-scope was magnified to its utmost power to allow val pillory looks very solitary, cold, and comfortless, notwithstanding all the benefit of his cocked hat.

And in this last particular he comes into advantageous contrast with the king below him, George the Fourth, who is on horseback without a hat, and with nothing but a cloth over his shoulders.

And mark here how impossible it is to please people. They complain that Nelson has a threecornered cocked hat on; well, here is a king riding without a hat, and they cry, what a shame to set a king on horseback without a hat, or any covering except his wig.

The horse is in an attitude of rest, for two good reasons; first, that if he moved, the king is sitting

this operation a fair chance of success; but, after every experiment had failed, the President said, “that in all his experience of atoms, he had never seen any thing so surprisingly wanting in size or substance, though a microscope which magnified objects no less than 60,000,000 times had been used to help the discovery." This announcement did not seem to surprise any body.

of the

After several sanguine members had endeavored to magnify the surplus of the revenue, the interest of a Pennsylvanian bond, and "the sense House of Commons, the microscope was locked up for the night, and the President and members adjourned to the tea-room, to refresh themselves after the labors of the evening.—Charivari.


-Chambers's Ed. Jour.

ambition; but considering what the science has achieved within the last thirty years, we have no GLOW-WORM.-The light of the glow-worm, one right to regard the attempt as a mere visionary of the staple commodities of descriptive poets and speculation. Under the power of the chemist, alsentimental naturalists, has lately been investigated most every known substance can be rendered solid, by M. Matteucci, who has addressed a notice to the fluid, or gaseous at pleasure; and when we consider Academy of Sciences containing the results of his from liquids and solids by mere increase of temperthat most of our combustible gases are obtained experiments. When submitted to chemical tests, the phenomena constituting the phosphorescence of ature, and, moreover, that under sufficient pressure this insect are found to be strictly analogous to carbonic acid gas can be reduced to a liquid, and those manifested by several luminous plants, many coal gas is capable of being reduced to liquid and thence to a solid state, it is absolutely certain that marine animalcules, and all decaying animal matter, as every individual must have witnessed in solid forms. The conversions of carbonic acid gas, fish at a certain stage of decomposition. If placed it is well known, are attended with extreme danin carbonic acid or hydrogen gas, the phosphores-ger, so may those of common coal gas; but once cent matter of the glow-worm ceases to shine after let the problem be solved, and the value of the disa space of thirty or forty minutes. In oxygen gas the former difficulty, will speedily avert the latter. covery appreciated, and the ingenuity which solved (the most powerful supporter of combustion), the light is more brilliant than in atmospheric air, and it remains brilliant for nearly triple the length of time. When it shines in the air, or in oxygen gas, MISCELLANEOUS OBSERVATIONS ON ANIMAL it consumes a portion of oxygen, which is replaced HEAT,' by J. Davy, M.D.-The author, in the first by a corresponding volume of carbonic acid; but section, after adverting to the commonly received when there is an impossibility of light being emit- opinion that all fishes are cold-blooded, and noticted, there is no oxygen absorbed, and no carbonic ing an exception, as he believes, in the instance of acid emitted. Heat augments to a certain extent certain fishes of the genus Thynnus and of the the brilliancy of the phosphorescent matter, where- Scomber family, describes the observations which he as cold produces the opposite effect; and when the made whilst at Constantinople, on the temperature heat is too great, the substance is altered. The of the Pelamys Sarda, when, in three different exsame thing takes place when it is left in the air, or amples, he found its heat to exceed that of the surin some gases for a certain time, that is, when the face-water by 7o, and of the deep water probably by substance is separated from the animal. The mat- 12o. He adduces some observations and remarks ter so altered is no longer capable of emitting light on peculiarities in the blood of the same fish, of or of becoming luminous. From these facts, M. the sword-fish and of the common tunny, which he Matteucci concludes that the phosphorescence of supposes may be connected with their temperature; the glow-worm is a phenomenon of combustion-and thows out the conjecture, that the constitution the result of the combination of the oxygen of the air with carbon, which is one of the principal elements of the phosphorescent matter.-Chambers's Ed. Jour.

EOLIAN SEA SIGNALS-Another method of applying the waves of the sea has been recently contrived, which promises more practical results than the propelling scheme. The object is to make the breakers on a dangerous coast serve as their own warning signals to sailors. The inventor proposes to have hollow buoys moored near the dangerous coast or sand bank, to which buoys pipes somewhat like organ pipes, are to be affixed. Metal tongues, on the principle of accordions, are to be fitted to the pipes, so that when the buoys are tossed up and down by the breakers, the air may be forced through, and cause them to utter warning sounds, which would become louder and louder as the sea raged more fiercely and the danger increased.— Morning Post.

of their blood-globule, formed of a containing and contained part, namely the globule and its nucleus, may be to each other in the electrical relation of positive and negative, and may thereby act with greater energy in separating oxygen in respiration. advanced old age, he relates a number of observaIn the second section, on the temperature of man in tions made for the purpose of determining the actual heat of persons exceeding eighty years of age; the result of which, contrary to the commonly re ceived opinion, is, that the temperature of old perthe tongue, is rather above than below that of persons, as ascertained by a thermometer placed under sons of middle age; and this he thinks may be explained by the circumstance, that most of the food the function of respiration. In the third section, on used by old persons is expended in administering to the influence of air of different temperatures on ani mal heat, after alluding to what he had witnessed of the rise and fall of the temperature of man on entering the tropics, and within the tropics, on descending from a cool mountainous region to a low hot country, he adduces certain observations to show CHEMICAL ASPIRATIONS." It would certainly that in this country similar changes of temperature be esteemed," says Professor Liebig, "one of the take place in a few hours in breathing the air of greatest discoveries of the age, if any one could buildings artificially heated; and, in confirmation, succeed in condensing coal gas into a white, dry, he describes the results of many observations made solid, and odorless substance, portable, and capa- on an individual in the very variable climate of ble of being placed upon a candlestick, and burned Constantinople, where, between March and July, in a lamp. Wax, tallow, and oil, are combustible in 1841, the thermometer ranged from 31° to 94o. gases in a solid or fluid form, which offer many ad-In the fourth section, he describes the observations vantages for lighting, not performed by gas; they furnish, in well-constructed lamps, as much light, without requiring the expensive apparatus necessary for the combustion of gas, and they are generally more economical."-The idea of converting common coal gas into a solid inodorous substance, is certainly one of the highest flights of chemical

which he made to determine the effect of moderate exercise, such as that of walking, on the temperature of the body, tending to prove, that while it promotes the diffusion of temperature and produces its exaltation in the extremities, it augments very little, if at all, the heat of the central and deep-seated parts.-Athenæum.


metropolis; we saw it at the sculptor's own studio in Rome, when the statues were all finished. It THORWALDSEN.-Letters from Copenhagen an- struck us as of a style more dignified than elevated, nounce the death of Thorwaldsen on the 25th ult. more severe than sublime,the conception better than "He went," says the writer, "as was his custom, the execution (which seemed journeyman's), yet to the theatre. Before the commencement of the the execution better than the stuff-we can give no performance he suddenly fell back in his seat; heigher name to the coarse blue marble that made the was immediately carried out of the theatre, and figures look frost-bitten, or covered over with chilsoon after breathed his last. He was born on the blains. Carelessness upon this score-upon that of 19th of November, 1770, and was consequently in execution also-distinguishes to its great loss Thorhis 74th year. To the last day of his life he pre-merit, if not the whole charm, of Canova's are its waldsen's sculpture in general, while the chief served his activity and cheerfulness of spirits, and was still engaged on some important works, among which may be mentioned the colossal statue of Hercules for the Palace of Christiansburg. On Saturday, the 30th of March, the mortal remains of the great master were interred in the Holm Church. All he died possessed of he has bequeathed to the Thorwaldsen Museum; but, with the exception of his works of art, his property is not so great as was imagined. He had been working on a bust of Luther on the day of his death."

The great Scandinavian sculptor, then, is dead, and the Genius of Sculpture has died with him. That the latter will soon revive, we have more hope than expectation, but Thorwaldsen has left a large mantle to be filled by his successor. We of course say this tropically, yet there was some mys terious connection or unison, as often occurs between the personal form of the man and his works; both were massive, square-built, and stalwarth, while his compeer, Canova, made his own lank and long-limbed frame, the model for the central form of his marble personages; and to push the fanciful verisimilitude one step farther, who does not recognize in the plain honest features and stout low stature of their coeval, if far from co-equal, sculptor, Chantrey, the solid, sterling, un-poetic character of his productions? Thorwaldsen had a very fine head, perhaps yet finer, and fuller of apparent genius, than his noblest creations; silver-grey locks, as if blown back upon his shoulders, gave him an air of bard-like enthusiasm and rapture; his wild blue eye seemed to blaze perpetually with inward fire, though its brightness was tempered with almost feminine sweetness of expression; his "fair, large front," however, presented the rectangular, mechanic conformation, instead of the irregular oval-shaped organism ascribed to imaginative crania. We have elsewhere mentioned Mr. Rothwell's likeness of the Danish artist, which we thought still a better portrait, and picture too, while a mere sketch: it has now acquired double interest and value. This is neither the place nor the time to enter upon any lengthened discussion of statuary so important, that it signalizes a new epoch and a particular school in the Art; but we may state a few leading points. Critics, we believe, consider The Triumph of Alexander the triumph of Thorwaldsen; it forms a bas-relief frieze after the Parthenon model, which evidently inspired it, though this be denied by the idolatrous sticklers for his creative powers: although he had never seen the Elgin Marbles, they were known throughout Europe from sketches and drawings long before Bonaparte commissioned the Triumph to adorn his triumphal arch at Milan (begun 1807). A mere outline furnishes inspiration enough where amplifying faculties exist, ctherwise the marbles themselves would furnish none. Thorwaldsen's frieze now, we can scarcely say, adorns the Palace of Christiansburg, Copenhagen, as it has not yet obtained a proper emplacement. His next most remarkable work, Christ and the Twelve Apostles,' is in the Church of Our Lady at the same


the two competitors have raised antagonist monu-
beauty of material and manipulation. In St. Peter's
ments at opposite sides of the basilica, and epito-
mize their adverse characters. By the main strength
of a sound architectonic principle, Thorwaldsen's
mausoleum to Pius VII. impresses the spectator's
mind with a deep and sacred awe, though it exhibits
little attractiveness throughout the details, a some-
what ponderous effect, and an invention almost as
frigid as the chill-gray marble. It might even be
said that the ordonnance is too severe for the florid
On the other hand,
character of the edifice.
raised in defiance of architectonic principles, but in
Canova's mausoleum to Pope Rezzonico was not
complete ignorance of them; its general effect
of details-among which the Lions are pre-eminent;
therefore is nil, or distraction; its real effect is one
whence by preposterous mishap, it becomes rather
a monument to these Lions than to his Holiness
Clement XIII.! A like distinction evinces itself
between all the works of the northern and southern
sculptors; purified, stern, ice-cold taste freezes the
imagination of the Dane into rigid correctness;
meretricious, sensual, Sybarite taste melts that of
Canova had the greater genius, Thorwaldsen the
the Italian into effeminate licentiousness. Perhaps
generally contain something to disgust, the worst
higher judgment; while the best works of the former
of the latter always display something to reverence:
this brief parallel may illustrate their respective
merits, as well as to strike a just balance between


Thorwaldsen's medallion reliefs, Night, &c. are famous and familiar; his other works, more or less renowned, bestud all Europe; some have reached England. Their number would have been less, but their excellence enhanced, had the artist's own hand oftener impressed con amore their surface like the finger of Love dimpling the cheek of Beauty; he limited himself overmuch to the clay-model, and thus his statues have a manufactured air. True, the chief merit of statuary lies in the model; sculptors do not reflect enough, however, that if the clay inspire the marble, the marble inspires the clay; we mean, that dealing with the stone itself has a re-active effect, suggests its capabilities and capacities, which nothing else can suggest, and thereby teaches how to deal with the clay, for future sculptural enterprises. Hence Michael Angelo obtained his miraculous glyphtic power-he was a mighty workman in the material itself of his works! Clay is not stone, although its next neighbor; nor will ever so much manipulation of the one educate the artist's hand to acquire complete mastery over the other. Take an extreme case, as a " production of the experiment:" a painter who always copied from sculpture, or a sculptor from pictures, could never understand the full and true scope of his own art; now clay-models bear but a closer affinity to the subtance of those marble images copied from them—their scope different, albeit, kindred, and is still more near that of the potter's art than the sculptor's. We offer


« VorigeDoorgaan »