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the world can bestow, and the addressess of a crowd who follow him for that reason, a man can think both of himself and those about him abstracted from these circumstances. Such a philosopher is as much above an anchorite, as a wise matron, who passes through the world with innocence, is preferable to the nun who locks herself up from it.
Full of these thoughts I left my lodgings, and took a walk to the court end of the town; and the hurry and busy faces I met with about Whitehall, made me form to myself ideas of the different prospects of all I saw, from the turn and cast of their countenances. All, methought had the same thing in view, but prosecuted their hopes with a different air: some shewed an unbecoming eagerness, some a surly impatience, some a winning deference, but the generality a servile complaisance.
I could not but observe, as I roved about the offices, that all who were still but in expectation, murmured at fortune; and all who had obtained their wishes, immediately began to say, there was no such being. Each believed it an act of blind chance that any other
was preferred, but owed only to service and merit what he had obtained himself. It is the fault of studious men to appear in public with too contemplative a carriage; and I began to observe, that my figure, age, and dress, made me particular: for which reason, I thought it better to remove a studious countenance from among busy ones, and take a turn with a friend in the Privy Garden.
Where my friend was alone with me there, Isaac, said he, I know you come abroad only to moralize and make observations, and I will carry you hard by, where you shall see all that you yourself have considered or read in authors, or collected from experience, concerning blind fortune and irresistible destiny, illustrated in real persons and proper mechanisms. The graces, the muses, the fates, all the beings which have
a good or ill influence upon human life, are, you will say, very justly figured in the persons of women; and where I am carrying you, you will see enough of that sex together in an employment which will have so important an effect upon those who are to receive their manufacture, as will make them be respectively deities or furies, as their labour shall prove disadvantageous or successful to their votaries. Without waiting for my answer, he carried me to an apartment contiguous to the Banqueting-House, where there were placed at two long tables a large company of young women, in decent and agreeable habits, making up tickets for the lottery appointed by the government. There walked between the tables a person who presided over the work. This gentlewoman seemed an emblem of fortune; she commanded as if unconcerned in their business, and though every thing was performed by her direction, she did not visibly interpose in particulars. She seemed in pain at our near approach to her, and most to approve us when we made her no advances. Her height, her mien, her gesture, her shape, and her countenance, had something that spoke both familiarity and dignity. She therefore appeared to be not only a picture of fortune, but of fortune as I liked her; which made me break cut into the following words:
" I AM very glad to see the fate of the many « who now languish in expectation of what will be the “ event of your labours, in the hands of one who can
act with so impartial an indifference. Pardon me, " that have often seen you before, and have lost you “ for want of the respect due to you. Let me beg of
you, who have both the furnishing and turning of « that wheel of lots, to be unlike the rest of your sex; “ repulse the forward and the bold, and favour the “ modest and the humble. I know you fly the impor« tunate, but smile no more on the careless. Add not “ to the coffers of the usurer, but give the power of « bestowing to the generous. Continue his wants who “ cannot enjoy or communicate plenty ; but turn 6 away his poverty, who can bear it with more ease “ than he can see it in another.
6 WHEREAS Philander signified to Clarinda by « letter, bearing date Thursday twelve o'clock, that he “ had lost his heart by a shot from her eyes, and de6 sired she would condescend to meet him the same “ day at eight in the evening at Rosamond's Pond, « faithfully protesting, that in case she would not do “ him that honour, she might see the body of the said “ Philander the next day floating on the said lake of “ love, and that he desired only three sighs upon view 6 of his said body: it is desired, if he has not made
away with himself accordingly, that he would forth6 with shew himself to the coroner of the city of « Westminster; or Clarinda, being an old offender, 6 will be found guilty of wilful murder."
No. CLXXI. SATURDAY, MAY 13.
Alte rixatus de lana sæpe caprina
Grecian Coffee-house, May 12. IT hath appeared to be for some days the deliberation at the learnedest board in this house, whence honour and title had its first original. Timoleon, who is very particular in his opinion, but is thought particular for no other cause, but that he acts against depraved custom, by the rules of nature and reason, in a very handsome discourse gave the company to understand, that in those ages which first degenerated from simplicity of life, and natural justice, the wise among them thought it necessary to inspire men with the love of virtue, by giving them who adhered to the interests of innocence and truth, some distinguishing name to raise them above the common level of mankind. This way of fixing appellations of credit upon eminent merit, was 'what gave being to titles and terms of honour. Such a name, continued he, without the qualities which should give a man pretence to be exalted above others, does but turn him to jest and ridicule. Should one see another cudgelled, or scurvily treated, do you think a man so used would take it kindly to be called Hector or Alexander? Every thing must bear a proportion with the outward value that is set upon it; or, instead of being long had in veneration, that very term of esteem will become a word of reproach. When Timoleon had done speaking, Urbanus pursued the same purpose, by giving an account of the manner in which the Indian kings, who were lately in Great-Britain, did honour to the person where they lodged. They were placed, said he, in a handsome apartment, at an upholsterer's in Kingstreet, Covent-garden. The man of the house, it seems, had been very observant of them, and ready in their service. These just and generous princes, who act according to the dictates of natural justice, thought it proper to confer some dignity upon their landlord before they left his house. One of them had been sick during his residence there, and having never before been in a bed, had a very great veneration for him who made that engine of repose, so useful and so necessary in his distress. It was consulted among the four princes by what name to dignify his great merit and services. The emperor of the Mohocks and the other three kings, stood up, and in that posture recounted the civilities they had received, and particuJarly repeated the care which was taken of their sick brother. This, in their imagination, who are used to know the injuries of weather, and the vicissitudes of cold and heat, gave them very great impressions of a skilful upholsterer, whose furniture was so well contrived for their protection on such occasions. It is with these less instructed (I will not say less knowing) people, the manner of doing honour, to impose some name significant of the qualities of the person they distinguish, and the good offices received from him. It was therefore resolved to call their landlord Cadaroque, which is the name of the strongest fort in their part of the world. When they had agreed upon the name, they sent for their landlord, and as he entered in their presence, the emperor of the Mohocks taking him by the hand, called him Cadaroque. After which the other three princes repeated the same word and ceremony.
Timoleon appeared much satisfied with this account, and having a philosophic turn, began to argue against the modes and manners of those nations which we esteem polite, and express himself with disdain at our usual method of calling such as are strangers to our innovations, barbarous. I have, says he; so great a deference for the distinction given by these princes,