year for

wager, and shall look upon him as a man of singular courage and fair dealing, having given orders to Mr. Morphew to subscribe such a policy in my behalf, if any person accepts of the offer. I must confess, I have had such private intimations from the twinkling of a certain star in some of my astronomical observations, that I should be unwilling to take fifty pounds a


chance, unless it were to oblige a particuiar friend. My chief business at present is, to prepare my mind for this change of fortune: for as Seneca, who was a greater moralist, and a much richer man than I shall be with this addition to my present income, says,

Munera ista Fortunæ putatis? Insidiæ sunt: “ What we look upon as gifts and presents of fortune, “ are traps and snares which she lays for the unwary.” I am arming myself against her favours with all my philosophy; and that I may not lose myself in such a redundance of unnecessary and superfluous wealth, I have determined to settle an annual pension out of it upon a family of Palatines, and by that means give these unhappy strangers a taste of British property. At the same time, as I have an excellent servant-maid, whose diligence in attending me has increased in proportion to my infirmities, I shall settle upon her the revenue arising out of the ten pounds, and amounting to fourteen shillings per annum, with which she may Tetire into Wales, where she was born a gentlewoman, and pass the remaining part of her days in a condition suitable to her birth and quality. It was impossible for me to make an inspection into my own fortune on this occasion, without seeing at the same time the fate of others who are embarked in the same adventure. And indeed it was a great pleasure to me to observe, that the war which generally impoverishes those who furnish out the expence of it, will by this means give estates to some, without making others the poorer for it. I have lately seen several in liveries, who will give as good of their own very suddenly: and took

It so

a particular satisfaction in the sight of a country wench, whom I this morning passed by as she was whirling her mop,with her petticoats tucked up very agreeably, who, if there is any truth in my art, is within ten months of being the handsomest great fortune in town. I must confess, I was so struck with the foresight of what she is to be, that I treated her accordingly, and said to her, pray, young lady, permit me to pass by. I would for this reason advise all masters and mistresses to carry it with great moderation and condescension towards their servants till next Michaelmas, lest the superiority at that time should be inverted. I must likewise admonish all my brethren and fellow-adventurers to fill their minds with proper arguments for their support and consolation in case of ill success. happens in this particular that though the gainers will have no reason to rejoice, the losers will have no reason to complain. I remember the day after the thousand pound prize was drawn in the penny lottery, I went to visit a splenetic acquaintance of mine, who was under much dejection, and seemed to me to have suffered some great disappointment. Upon enquiry, I found he had put two-pence for himself and his son into the lottery, and that neither of them had drawn the thousand pound. Hereupon this unlucky person took occasion to enumerate the misfortunes of his life, and concluded with telling me, that he was never successful in any of his undertakings. I was forced to comfort him with the common reflection upon such occasions, that men of the greatest merit are not always men of the greatest success, and that persons of his character must not expect to be as happy as fools. I shall proceed in the like manner with my rivals and competitors, for the thousand pounds a year which we are now in pursuit of; and that I may give general content to the whole body of candidates, I shall allow all that draw prizes to be fortunate, and all that miss them to be wise.

I must not here omit to acknowledge, that I have received several letters upon this subject, but find one common error running through them all, which is, that the writers of them believe their fate in these cases depends upon the astrologer, and not upon the stars, as in the following letter from one, who, I fear, flatters himself with hopes of success, which are altogether groundless, since he does not seem to me so great a fool as he takes himself to be.

6 SIR,

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“ COMING to town, and finding my friend Mr. Partridge dead and buried, and you the only conjurer in repute, I am under a necessity of applying myself to you for a favour, which nevertheless I “ confess it would better become a friend to ask, than

one who is, as I am, altogether a stranger to you ; “ but poverty, you know, is impudent; and as that “ gives me the occasion, so that alone could give me " the confidence to be thus importunate.

“ I am, Sir, very poor, and very desirous to be “ otherwise: I have got ten pounds, which I design " to venture in the lottery now on foot. What I de“ sire of you is, that by your art, you will choose such

a ticket for me as shall arise a benefit sufficient to “ maintain me. I must beg leave to inform you, that “I am good for nothing, and must therefore insist

upon a larger lot than would satisfy those who are capable by their abilities of adding something to “ what you should assign them ; whereas I must ex"pect an absolute independent maintenance, because,

as I said, I can do nothing. 'Tis possible, after “ this free confession of mine, you may think I do not « deserve to be rich; but I hope you will likewise ob

serve, I can ill afford to be poor. My own opinion " is, that I am well qualified for an estate, and have " a good title to luck in a lottery; but I resign my" self wholly to your mercy, not without hopes that

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you will consider, the less I deserve, the greater the

generosity in you. If you reject me, I have agreed " with an acquaintance of mine to bury me for my ten « pounds. I once more recommend myself to your “ favour, and bid you adieu.”

I cannot forbear publishing another letter which I have received, because it redounds to my own credit, as well as to that of a very honest footman.


Jan. 23. “ I AM bound in justice to acquaint you, that I put an advertisement into your last paper about a 66 watch which was lost, and was brought to me on “ the very day your paper came out, by a footman, “ who told me, that he would have brought it, if he 6 had not read your discourse on that day against “ avarice ; but that since he had read it, he scorned " to take a reward for doing what in justice he ought 66 to do. I am,

6 Sir,
" Your most humble servant,

6 John HAMMOND."


Quem mala stultitia, & quæcunq; inscitia veri
Cæcum agit, insanum Chrysippi porticus, & grex
Autumat; hæc populos, hæc magnos formula reges,
Excepto sapiente, tenet............


From my own Apartment, Jan. 25. THERE is a sect of ancient philosophers, who, I think, have left more volumes behind them, and those better written, than any other of the fraternities in philosophy. It was a maxim of this sect, that all those who do not live up to the principles of reason and virtue, are madmen. Every one who governs himself by these rules, is allowed the title of wise, and reputed to be in his senses: and every one in proportion, as he deviates from them, is pronounced frantic and distracted. Cicero having chosen this maxim for his theme, takes occasion to argue from it very agreeably with Clodius, his implacable adversary, who had procured his banishment. A city (says he) is an assembly distinguished into bodies of men, who are in possession of their respective rights and privileges, cast under proper subordinations, and in all parts obedient to the rules of law and equity. He then represents the government from whence he was banished, at a time when the consul, senate and laws, had lost their authority, as a commonwealth of lunatics. For this reason he regards his expulsion from Rome, as a man would being turned out of Bedlam, if the inhabitants of it should drive him out of their walls as a person unfit for their community. We are therefore to look upon every man's brain to be touched, however he may appear in the general conduct of his life, if he has an unjustifiable singularity in any part of his conversation or behaviour: or if he swerves from right reason, however common his kind of madness may be, we shall not excuse him for its being epi

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