6 But there were certain of 11 I say unto thes, Arise, and the scribes sitting there, and take up thy bed, and go thy way reasoning in their hearts, into thy house.

7 Why doth this man thus 12 And immediately he arose, speak blasphernies? who can took up the bed, and went forth forgive sins but God only? before them all; insoinuch that

8 And immediately, when Je- they were all amazed, and glorisus perceived in his spirit that fied God, saying, We never saw they so reasoned within them- it on this fashion. selves, he said unto them, Why 13 And he went forth again reason ye these things in your by the sea-side, and all the mulhearts?

titude resorted unto him, and he 9 Whether is it easier to say taught them. to the sick of the palsy, Thy 14 And as he passed by, he sins be forgiven thee; or to say, saw Levi the son of Alpheus, Arise, and take up thy bed, and sitting at the receipt of custom, walk ?

and said unto him, Follow me. 10 But that ye may know And he arose, and followed that the Son of man hath


him. on earth to forgive sins, (he saith 15 And it came to pass, that to the sick of the palsy,)

as Jesus sat at meat in his account of the crowd. || They un- a portion of the breast work broken covered the roof, &c. The houses in through, so that the sick man, on his Palestine were furnished with a flight mattress, could be let down near to of stairs outside, situated in, or near, Jesus. The removing of the awning the porch, so that persons could go up is what is here called uncovering the to the roof without entering the house. roof; and the breast work they broke The roofs were nearly flat, and were away, or broke through. The man surrounded

by a balustrade, or breast could easily then be let down by the work (see Deut. 22: 8), so as to pre- help of cords. Luke says (5: 19) they, vent persons from falling off. The “ let him down through the tiling. friends of the sick man could, then, The flooring, as we might call it, of without much difficulty, convey him the roofs, was a substance composed to the roof of the house. As to the of broken coals, stones, ashes, and a lower part of the house, there was a sort of plaster. Such a substance gate opening from the street into a gave occasion to the word translated porch ; from this porch another gate tiling to be applied to the roof; and led to an open space, enclosed on four the whole roof, or the roofing, was sides, but open above, called the court, expressed by it. Luke, then, used

This was provided with language just like our expression various conveniences for accommo- they let him dowon by the roof; somedating large companies; and it was what as Paul was let down through in this court that Jesus and the com- a window by the wall. 2 Cor. 11: pany were assembled.

Persons on 33. The roof could look down into the 13, 14. By the sea-side; the sea of court. It was, however, sometimes Galilee. Compare Matt. 9:9. || Alfurnished with an awning, or large pheus. He is believed to be not the veil of thick cloth, to exclude the same as the Alpheus mentioned in heat of the sun. In the present case,

Matt. 10:3. this awning was to be removed, and 15—22. Compare Matt. 9: 10–17.

or area.

house, many publicans and sin- that filled it up, taketh away ners sat also together with Jesus from the old, and the rent is and his disciples; for there were made worse. many, and they followed him. 22 And no man putteth new

16 And when the scribes and wine into old bottles : else the Pharisees saw him eat with pub- new wine doth burst the botlicans and sinners, they said tles, and the wine is spilled, unto his disciples, How is it and the bottles will be marred : that he eateth and drinketh with but new wine must be put into publicans and sinners ?

new bottles. 17 When Jesus heard it, he 23 And it came to pass, that saith unto them, They that are he went through the corn-fields whole, have no need of the phy- on the Sabbath-day; and his sician, but they that are sick : I disciples began, as they went, to came not to call the righteous, pluck the ears of corn. but sinners to repentance.

24 And the Pharisees said 18 And the disciples of John, unto him, Behold, why do they and of the Pharisees, used to on the Sabbath-day that which fast: and they come, and say is not lawful ? unto him, Why do the disci 25 And he said unto them, ples of John, and of the Phar- Have ye never read what David isees fast, but thy disciples fast did, when he had need, and was not ?

a hungered, he and they that 19 And Jesus said unto them, were with him ? Can the children of the bride 26 How he went into the chamber fast, while the bride-house of God, in the days of groom is with them? As long Abiathar the high priest, and as they have the bridegroom did eat the show-bread, which is with them, they cannot fast. not lawful to eat, but for the

20 But the days will come, priests, and gave also to them when the bridegroom shall be which were with him? taken away from them, and 27 And he said unto them, then shall they fast in those The Sabbath made for days.


man, and not man for the Sab. 21 No man also seweth a bath: piece of new cloth on

28 Therefore the Son of man garment: else the new piece is Lord also of the Sabbath.

23—28, Compare Matt. 12: 1–8. sponding to our phrase about the time In the days of Abiathar the high of; and as Abiathar continued in priest. It appears from 1 Sam. 21st office a large number of years, his ch., that Ahimelech was the high term of office might have been selectpriest from whom David obtained the ed, as marking a certain period in showbread. Abiathar became high Hebrew history, rather than Ahiine priest after this event. The word lech's. Again ; the word used in the translated in the days of may have a original may be regarded only as a very extended signification, corre- method of referring to that portion of

an old


unto the man, Stretch forth

the synagogue; and there it out: and his hand was rewas a man there which had a stored whole as the other. withered hand.

6 And the Pharisees went 2 And they watched him, forth, and straightway took counwhether he would heal him on sel with the Herodians against the Sabbath-day; that they him, how they might destroy might accuse him.

him. 3 And he saith unto the man 7 But Jesus withdrew himwhich had the withered hand, self with his disciples to the sea: Stand forth.

and a great multitude from Gal4 And he saith unto them, ilee followed him, and from Is it lawful to do good on the Judea, Sabbath-days, or to do evil? to 8 And from Jerusalem, and save life, or to kill ? But they from Idumea, and from beyond held their peace.

Jordan; and they about Tyre 5 And when he had looked and Sidon, a great multitude, round about on them with an- when they had heard what great ger, being grieved for the hard things he did, came unto him. ness of their hearts, he saith 9 And he spake to his discithe sacred history in which the ac- struction. To their consciences he count of Abiathar occurs; and the might have intended to appeal, by whole portion respecting Ahimelech presenting the inquiry, whether he and Abiathar would be included under was pursuing a justifiable course on such a reference. The Jews were in the Sabbath, or they. 5. With anger; the habit of quoting, or referring to, with displeasure at their perversetheir sacred books by the use of such ness - a feeling which was consista word as here occurs in the original. ent with the utmost tenderness, and

which arose from a view of their perCHAPTER III.

verseness and their willingness to 1–12. Compare Matt. 12: 9–21. put a bad construction even on his 4. Is it lawful to do good on the Sab- most benevolent acts. 6. The Herobath-days, or to do evil ? to save life, or dians. See on Matt. 22: 16. 8. Iduto kill? These questions might be mea. This is properly the name of understood as meaning, Is it right to the country south-east of Palestine. do good, or not to do it, on the Sab- It is called Edom in the Old Testabath? to save life, or not to save it? ment. Its inhabitants were hostile to A similar manner of expression oc- the Jews, and were conquered by curs in Mal. 1 ; 2, 3, quoted in Rom. David. 2 Sam. 8: 14. They fre9: 13- Jacob have I loved, and Esuu quently revolted, and in the reign of have I hated ; that is, Esau have I Jehoram gained their independence. not loved, comparatively speaking. 2 Kings 8: 20. During the captivity The form of the questions was such, of the Jews in Babylon, the Idualso, as might very naturally suggest means, that is, the Edomites, took to the minds of his opponents a com- possession of the southern part of parison between themselves and him. Palestine, as far as the city Hebron; so He was bestowing blessings on the that that part of the country was subafficted; they were plotting his de- sequently called Idumea. The name

ples, that a small ship should 15 And to have power to wait on him, because of the mul- heal sicknesses, and to cast out titude, lest they should throng devils. him.

16 And Simon he surnamed 10 For he had healed


Peter ; insomuch that they pressed upon

17 And James the son of him for to touch him, as many Zebedee, and John the brother as had plagues.

of James, and he surnamed 11 And unclean spirits, when them Boanerges, which is, The they saw him, fell down before sons of thunder,) him, and cried, saying, Thou 18 And Andrew, and Philip, art the Son of God.

and Bartholomew, and Matthew, 12 And he straitly charged and Thomas, and James the son them that they should not make of Alpheus, and Thaddeus, and him known.

Simon the Canaanite, 13 And he goeth up into a 19 And Judas Iscariot, which mountain, and calleth unto him also betrayed him : and they whom he would : and they came went into a house. unto him.

20 And the multitude com14 And he ordained twelve, eth together again, so that they that they should be with him, could not so much as eat bread. and that he might send them 21 And when his friends forth to preach,

heard of it, they went out to is here applied by Mark to that part idea of appointing, or designating, is of the land. The Idumeans were here expressed, without reference to afterwards again subdued, and be the manner in which the appointment came, at least those who lived in Pal. was made. Jesus doubtless merely estine, a part of the Jewish nation. made known to them his desire that ll Tyre und Sidon. See Matt. 11 : 22. they should be habitually with him 10. Plagues; sicknesses,called plagues, for instruction, and for being emor scourges, as being sent in the righ-ployed by him in announcing the teous providence of God, in conse- Messiah's having, come. Compare quence of sin.

11, 12. Compare the following words. 1 : 34.

16—19. Compare Matt. 10 : 2–4. 13. Up into a mountain ; or, as we 17. Boanerges; a word compounded sometimes say, up a mountain, or of two words used in the Hebrew up on a mountain. Here Jesus spent dialect of that time. Why this name much time in prayer, as he was now was applied to James and John, canabout to select a few who were ulti- not be decided. There might have mately to be his apostles. See Luke been something remarkable in their 6:12.

manner of speaking; or perhaps the

impetuosity of their disposition (see It is gratifying and instructive to Luke 9: 54) might have occasioned NOTICE with what assiduous prayer the use of this name. our Saviour proceeded in every step 20, 21. His friends; some of those of his progress. Let him be our ex- who were associated with him. The ample.

expression here used, in the original,

is sometimes explained as meaning 14. He ordained ; appointed. The strictly his relatives; but there is sat



lay hold on him: for they said, mies wherewith soever they He is beside himself.

shall blaspheme : 22 And the scribes which 29 But he that shall blas

down from Jerusalem, pheme against the Holy Ghost said, He hath Beelzebub, and by hath never forgiveness, but is in the prince of the devils casteth danger of eternal damnation : he out devils.

30 Because they said, He 23 And he called them unto hath an unclean spirit. him, and said unto them in 31 There

then his parables, How can Satan cast brethren and his mother, and, out Satan?

standing without, sent unto him, 24 And if a kingdom be di- calling him. vided against itself, that king- 32 And the multitude sat dom cannot stand.

about him; and they said unto 25 And if a house be divided him, Behold, thy mother and against itself, that house cannot thy brethren without seek for stand.

thee. 26 And if Satan rise up 33 And he answered them, against himself, and be divided, saying, Who is my mother, or he cannot stand, but hath an my brethren? end.

34 And he looked round 27 No man can enter into a about on them which sat about strong man's house and spoil him, and said, Behold my mothhis goods, except he will first er and my

brethren! bind the strong man; and then 35 For whosoever shall do he will spoil his house,

the will of God, the same is 28. Verily I say unto you, my brother, and my sister, and All sins shall be forgiven unto mother. the sons of men, and blaspheisfactory evidence that it is employed with a demon, it seems (Matt. 12: in a wider sense. || To lay hold on 22, &c.), was brought to him, and he him; not violently, but in a suitable immediately, without taking food manner, taking hold of his hand, en. (Mark 3: 20), attended to the applideavoring to induce him to come into cation. The scribes and Pharisees the house. || He is beside himself. at once began to speak against his An exaggerated remark, doubtless, miraculous operations, and Jesus was occasioned by the fervid devotion occupied in meeting their cayils. which Jesus felt to his official work, Thus he could not yield to the solicitaand which made him disregard his tions of his friends. Afterwards, his personal convenience and comfort. mother and brethren (or kinsmen)

22–30. Compare Matt. 12: 24 made an effort to secure his return to 37.

the house. 31–35. Compare Matt. 12: 46% 50. It would seem that the friends Notice, here, the readiness of Jewho went out to persuade Jesus to sus to be engaged in his appropriate come into the house, did not prevail work, both in season and out of seawith him. The occasion was a very son. Compare John 4: 34. important one, A man possessed

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