at all, but speaks of him as of that sort of man who is usually called a well-bred. fine gentleman. To conclude his character, where women are not concerned, he is an honest worthy man.

I cannot tell whether I am to account him whom I am next to speak of as one of our company; for he vi. sits us but seldom : but when he does, it adds to every man else a new enjoyment of himself. He is a clergyman, a very philosophic man, of great learning, great sanctity of life, and the most exact good breeding. He has the misfortune to be of a very weak constitution; and consequently cannot accept of such cares and business as preferments in his function would oblige him to :: he is therefore among divines what a chamber-counsellor is among lawyers. The probity of his mind, and the integrity of his life, create him followers, as being eloquent or loud advances others. He seldom introduces the sub. ject he speaks upon; but we are so far



years, that he observes, when he is among us, an earnestness to have him fall on some divine topic, which he always treats with much authority, as one who has no interests. in this world, as one who is hastening to the object of all bis wishes, and conceives hope from his decays and infirmities. These are my ordinary companions.



NO.3.-THURSDAY, MARCH 3. 1710-11.


Et quoi quisque ferè studio devinctus adhæret,
Aut quibus in rebus multum sumus ante morati,
Atque in quâ ratione fuit contenta magis mens,
In somnis eadein plerumque videntur obire. LOCR. iv. 959.

-What studies please, what most delight,
And fill mens thoughts, they dream them o'er at night. CREECH.



In one of my late rambles, or rather speculations, E looked into the great hall where the bank is kept, and was not a little pleased to see the directors, secreta

ries, and clerks, with all the other members of that weal-
thy corporation, ranged in their several stations, accordo
ing to the parts they act in that just and regular econo-
This revived in my memory


discourses which I had both read and heard concerning the decay of public credit, with the methods of restoring it ; and which, in my opinion, have always been defective, bea cause they have always been made with an eye to sepa-rate interests and party principles.

The thoughts of the day gave my mind employment for the whole night, so that I fell insensibly into a kind of methodical dream, which disposed all my contemplations into a vision or allegory, or what else the reader shall please to call it.

Methought I returned to the great hall, where I had been the morning before; but, to my surprise, instead of the company that I left there, I saw towards the upper end of the hall a beautiful virgin, seated on a throne of gold. Her name, as they told me, was Public Credit. The walls, instead of being adorned with pictures and maps, were hung with many acts of parliament, written in golden letters. At the upper end of the hall was the MAGNA CHARTA, with the act of uniformity on the right hand, and the act of toleration on the left. At the lower end of the hall was the act of settlement, which was placed full in the eye of the virgin that: sat upon the throne. Both the sides of the hall were covered with such acts

parliament:as had been made for the esta: blishment public funds. The lady seemed to set an unspeakable value upon these several pieces of furniture, insomuch that she often refreshed her eye with them, and often smiled with a secret pleasure as she looked upon them; but, at the same time, showed a very para ricular uneasiness if- she saw any thing approaching that: might hurt them. She appeared, indeed, infinitely ti. morous in all her behaviour: and, whether it was from the delicacy of her constitution, or that she was troubled: with vapours, as I was afterwards told by one who I: found was none of her well-wishers, she changed colour, and startled at every thing she heard. She was likewise, as I afterwards found, a greater valetudinarian than any I had ever met with, even in her own sex, and subject:

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to such momentary consumptions, that in the twinkling she would fall


from the most florid com. plexion, and the most healthful state of body, and wither into a skeleton. Her recoveries were often as sudden as her decays, insomuch that she would revive in a mo. ment out of a wasting distemper, into a habit of the high. est health and vigour.

I had very soon an opportunity of observing these quick turns and changes in her constitution. There sat ac her feet a couple of secretaries, who received every hour letters from all parts of the world, which the one or the other of them was perpetually reading to her; and, according to the news she heard, to which she was ex. ceedingly attentive, she changed colour, and discovered many symptoms of health or sickness.

Behind the throne was a prodigious heap of bags of money, which were piled upon one another so high that they touched the ceiling. The floor on her right hand and on her left was covered with vast sums of gold that rose up in pyramids on either side of her; but this I did not so much wonder at, when I heard, upon inquiry, that she had the same virtue in her touch which the poets tell us a Ly. dian king was formerly possessed of; and that she could convert whatever she pleased into that precious metal.

After a little dizziness and confused hurry of thought, which a man often meets with in a dream, methought the hall was alarmed, the doors flew open, and there entered half a dozen of the most hideous phantoms that I had ever seen, even in a dream, before that time. They came in two by two, though matched in the most dissociable manner, and mingled together in a kind of dance. It would be tedious to describe their habits and persons; for which reason, I shall only inform my reader that the first couple were Tyranny and Anarchy, the second were Bigotry and Atheism, the third the genius of a Commonwealth, and a young man of about twenty-two years of age (a), whose name. I could not learn. He had a sword in his right hand, which in the dance he often brandished at the act of settlement; and a citzen, who stood by me, whispered in my ear, that he saw a spunge in his left hand (6). The dance of so many jarring natures put me in mind of the sun, moon, and earth, in the Rehear.




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sal (c), that danced together for no other end but to eclipse one another.

The reader will easily suppose, by what has been before said, that the lady on the throne would have been almost frightened to distraction, had she seen but any one of those spectres; what then must have been her condition when she saw them all in a body? She fainted and died away at the sight.

neque jam color est misto candore rubori; Nec vigor, et vires, et quæ modò visi placebant ; Nec corpus remanet

OVID, MET. iii. 491. -Her spirits faint, Her blooming cheeks assume a pallid teint, And scarce her form remains. There was as great a change in the hill of money-bags, and the heaps of money, the former shrinking and falling into so many empty bags, that I now found not above a tenth part of them had been filled with money. The rest that took

up the same space, and made the same figure as the bags that were really filled with money, had been blown

with air, and called into

my memory
full of wind, which Homer tells us his hero received as
a present from Æolus. The great heaps of gold on
either side the throne now appeared to be only heaps of
paper, or little piles of notched sticks, bound up toge-
ther in bundles like Bath-faggots.

Whilst I was lamenting this sudden desolation that had been made before me, the whole scene vanished : In the room of the frightful spectres there now entered a second dance of apparitions, very agreeably matched together, and made up of very amiable phantoms. The first pair was Liberty with Monarchy at her right hand; the second was Moderation, leading in Religion ; and the third a person whom I had never seen (d), with the genius of Great Britain. At their first entrance the Lady revived, the, bags swelled to their former bulk, the piles of faggots and heaps of paper changed into pyramids of guineas : and, for my own part, I was so transported with joy, that I awaked, though, I must confess, I would fain have fallen asleep again to have closed my vision, if I could have done it.


the bags

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NO. 4.-MONDAY, MARCH 5. 1710.11.


-Egregii niortalem altique silentii ?

HOR. 2. SAT, vi. 58.

One of uncommon silence and reserve.


An author when he first appears in the world, is very apt to believe it has nothing to think of but his per. formances. With a good share of this vanity in my heart, I made it my business these three days to listen after my own fame; and as I have sometimes met withi circumstances which did not displease me, I have been encountered by others which gave me as much mortification. It is incredible to think how empty I have in this time observed some part of the species to be; what mere blanks they are when they first come abroad in the morning, how utterly they are at a stand till they are set a-going by some paragraph in a newspaper : such persons are very acceptable to a young author, for they desire no more in any thing but to be new, to be agreeable. If I found consolation among such, I was as much disquieted by the incapacity of others. These are mortals who have a certain curiosity without

power of reflection, and perused my papers like spectators ra: ther than readers. But there is so little pleasure in inquiries that so nearly concern ourselves (it being the way

in the world to fame to be too anxious about it), that, upon the whole, I resolved for the future to go on in my ordinary way; and without too much fear or hope about the business of reputation, to be very carea ful of the design of my actions, but very negligent of the consequences

of them. It is an endless and frivolous pursuit to act by any other rule than the care of satisfying our own minds in what we do. One would think a silent man, who concerned himself with no one breathing, should be very little

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