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OF

SCULPTURE

IN THE DEPARTMENT OF

GREEK AND ROMAN ANTIQUITIES

BRITISH MUSEUM

BY

A. H. SMITH, M.A.

ASSISTANT IN THE DEPARTMENT OF GREEK AND ROMAN
ANTIQUITIES IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM

VOL. III.

PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES

SOLD AT THE BRITISH MUSEUM

AND BY LONGMANS AND Co., 39 PATERNOSTER ROW;

BERNARD QUARITCH, 15 PICCADILLY; ASHER AND CO., 13 BEDFORD STREET,
COVENT GARDEN; KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRÜBNER AND CO., DRYDEN
Hi SE, 43 GERRARD STREET, SOHO ; AND HENRY FROWDE, OXFORD
UNIVERSITY PRESS WAREHOUSE, AMEN CORNER

LONDON
1901

[All rights reserved]

DEC 5- 1904

LONDON:

PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED,

DUKE STREET, STAMFORD STREET, S. E., AND GREAT WINDMILL STREET, W.

PREFACE.

THE bulk of the Marbles described in this, the Third volume of the Catalogue of Sculpture, belong to a period which extends from the end of the 3rd cent. B.C. to the 3rd or 4th cent. A.D. For the most part they are the work of Greek sculptors who with much technical facility carried on in Rome the traditions of the later Attic School, or, as occasion offered, turned their talents to the making of copies or adaptations from archaic Greek statues and bas-reliefs to suit the tastes of their Roman patrons. These sculptures are accordingly called "Graeco-Roman." Those of them which are copies or adaptations of archaic works are designated as "archaistic." See Nos. 1560, 1563, 1603, 1609, 1624, 1780 and 2205.

Among the Graeco-Roman sculptors were some who created almost a style of their own by infusing a very marked degree of sentiment into types derived mostly from Greek sculptures of the end of the archaic age. Of this school Pasiteles was the head. His date is the 1st cent. B.C. Examples of this style may be seen in Nos. 1666-7. Earlier than this there had arisen in Greece a school of sculpture characterised by accurate knowledge of the human figure and a very bold, forcible style. It is known as the Pergamene School, from the fact

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