The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Wasn't this what all of them really believed, these twenty- year-olds: Andre Breton
, Paul Eluard, Benjamin Peret, Louis Aragon, Philippe Soupault, and is it
surprising that Apollinaire should appear to them at this point as a kind of god?
Perhaps we must see in this failure the source of the disfavor he eventually found
with Breton, who "took leave" of him, in 1929, with these words: He is ... He, more
than 14 Andre Breton, Deuxiime Manifeste du Surrealisme ( in a footnote ) .
Initiation à la littérature d'aujourd'hui (Renaissance du Livre, 1928) André Rerge.
... André Breton et les données fondamentales du surréalisme (N. R. F., 1950)
Breton, André. André Breton, essais et témoignages (La Baconnière, 1950) Victor
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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