The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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8 "Is there . . . anything more charming, more fruitful and of a more positively
stimulating nature than the commonplace?" (Charles Baudelaire, Salon de 1859)
. 9 Example: "Je me demande on peu: qui trompe-t-on ici? Ah! je me trompe un
For them, the real Baudelaire is to be found less in Les fleurs du mal than in the
Seines parisiennes and the Poemes en prose, where he was able to express that
mysterious side of everyday life which is the true surrealist domain. And if he ...
He had merely shown his horns in Vigny, and yet this had been enough to make
the spectator shudder; Baudelaire had led him to the Church and into the "
paradis artificieF; Rimbaud had shouldered him into the Red Sea; Lautreamont,
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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