The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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It was with relief that Breton and his friends abjured Dadaism. Alongside petty
attacks on Tzara, going so far as to contest his paternity of the word Dada, Breton
clearly expressed the reasons for his decision. He notes, first of all, the death of ...
... what he calls objective humor, one cannot, considering the various artistic
movements which have followed each other since his death (naturalism,
impressionism, symbolism, cubism, futurism, Dadaism, surrealism ) , contest the
Poet, founder of Dadaism in Zurich in 1916, member of the surrealist group from
1930 to 1934. Vache, Jacques (1896-1919). French. "Umorist." Parasurrealist
poet, a meeting with whom determined Andre Breton's vocation; Vache made his
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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