The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Tzara invented chemical and static poems . . .9 Dada IITs cover was embellished
with a new name: Francis Picabia, who returned from America bringing the
Dadaists the collaboration of Marcel Duchamp. Duchamp's activity as a painter
7 One of Picabia's articles: . . . Dufayel seems to me more interesting than
Ribemont-Dessaignes, Capablanca or Ford more interesting than Marcel
Duchamp, Victor Hugo more interesting than Max Stirner, Pasteur more
interesting than Nero, ...
NO. 2 OCTOBER 1930 NO. 3-4 DECEMBER 1931 NO. 5-6 MAY 1933 Contents:
Breton, Sade, Heine, Char, Sadoul, Eluard, Aragon, Valentin, Duchamp, Crevel,
Peret, Frois-Wittmann, Thirion, Alexandre, Dali, Yoyotte, Nouge, Caillois, Savinio,
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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