The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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6 Quoted by Georges Hugnet, loc. cit. 7 One of Picabia's articles: . . . Dufayel
seems to me more interesting than Ribemont-Dessaignes, Capablanca or Ford
more interesting than Marcel Duchamp, Victor Hugo more interesting than Max
Further, dissensions within the surrealist group (expulsion of Georges Hugnet
because of his friendship with Eluard, who had broken with the group to go over
to the communists ) unfortunately spread to the Federation. Further, "proletarians"
Histoire du Surréalisme (R. Henriquez, Rruxelles, 1934) Georges Hugnet. Petite
Anthologie poétique du Surréalisme (Introduction) (J. Bûcher, 1934) Jean
Cassou. Pour la poésie (Corréa, 1935) David Gascoyne. A short survey of
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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