The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Lautreamont's star, on the other hand, never suffered an eclipse. "Incumbent to a
major degree upon this man is the responsibility for the present poetic state of
affairs," Breton said in 1922.15 In 1929, at the height of an iconoclastic fury that ...
... a particular admiration for Trotsky, an admiration which he maintained for a
long time, still characterizing in 1938 the period that came to an end with the
outbreak of the Second World War as "the age of Lautreamont, of Freud, and of
He had merely shown his horns in Vigny, and yet this had been enough to make
the spectator shudder; Baudelaire had led him to the Church and into the "
paradis artificieF; Rimbaud had shouldered him into the Red Sea; Lautreamont,
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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