The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Created in Paris by some dozen men, it did not remain confined to France but
enlarged its scope to the ends of the earth. Far from being a small Parisian sect, it
had adepts and influenced men in England, Belgium, Spain, Switzerland, ...
Artistic work and work in general were in fact vilified and dismissed, life was to be
consumed as it was given, not earned.21 And living meant looking, listening,
savoring the atmosphere of those inspired places in postwar Paris: the Passage
... remember the Ferrer demonstration when the ink flower of infamy exploded
against the Spanish embassy Paris it wasn't so long ago that you saw the
procession given Jaures and the Sacco-Vanzetti torrent Paris your intersections
still twitch ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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