The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Andre Breton chewed up matches, Ribemont- Dessaignes kept screaming: "It's
raining on a skull," Aragon caterwauled, Philippe Soupault played hide-and-seek
with Tzara, while Benjamin Peret and Charchoune shook hands every other ...
Vailland semed to be making honorable amends, when Ribemont- Dessaignes,
disgusted by the turn the discussion was taking, ostentatiously left the meeting.5
Matters were to go no further that (evening. The project of common action was ...
The participants in the "Cadavre" of 1930 were, in effect, various: an ex-Dadaist,
Ribemont-Dessaignes; ex-surrealists: Vit- rac, long since expelled, Limbour,
whose temperament found nothing congenial in the surrealist agitation and
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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