The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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To say as some have that on the level of art it is only a manifestation of the period
is oversimplified materialism: surrealism is also the heir and extender of the
artistic movements which preceded it and without which it would not have existed
Better than any other movement of ideas, it represents the period on the level of
art. We cannot doubt that in this capacity it will be accepted in the succession of
French artistic movements. PART FIVE EPILOGUE BRETON IN THE UNITED ...
Let us pity men who have understood no more about them than the literary use
they can put them to, and who boast thereby of preparing "the artistic renaissance
which tomorrow's social renaissance requires and suggests." What does this ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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