The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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He believed that this temerity substituted for everything else, that it sufficed for
everything. As a consequence of this boldness, he neglected to answer several
harsh questions that faced surrealism. He proclaimed that "the Revolution could ...
[Aden, May 25, 1881] Everything that constituted your nasty little life revolted him,
he spat it out. He was always against everything that exists, you are merely
pretending to have forgotten it. Don't try and cheat: you are not setting up a statue
She complains that her condition may become known, that her fiance has done
everything in his power to bring this about. An obvious contradiction: for who
would profit by this publicity, who would refuse the sole means of averting what in
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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