The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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His face was massive, noble, majestic, and at this period he protected his eyes
behind green glasses, out of a desire to astound. Occasionally he replaced them
with a monocle. His fame was already great. Despite his youth, Breton was not ...
I have counted, before going to sleep, clouds and clouds of tanks full of beets for
the sun, and I want to take you at night to the astrakhan beach that they are
building with two horizons for your wartime petroleum eyes, I'll take you there
... it breeds More strength than the belly Of your wives and sisters And we will
reproduce Without them but by ax strokes In your prisons Torrents of stone labors
of foam Where eyes float without rancor Just eyes without hope That know you
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foreword Maurice Nadeau
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