The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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But they were ready to form a kind of "united front" with para-communist
organizations or with revolutionary intellectuals seeking the enlightenment of
Lenin and Trotsky. On the first level was the ClartS group, with which there had
been bitter ...
... The acknowledgment of dialectical materialism as the sole revolutionary
philosophy, the comprehension and unreserved acceptance of this materialism
by intellectuals of idealistic tendencies, no matter how consistent such idealism
may be, ...
The experiment of the Popular Front, conducted, according to the words of its
leader Leon Blum, "in order to avoid Revolution," could only confirm the lucidity of
these intellectuals. Their movement was to fail pre- 10 "It is not a shapeless ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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