The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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By this time surrealist painting had reached most of the alert art galleries and
museums, and in college classrooms across the country the movement was
already being fitted into its waiting place in literary history. Today, twenty years
later, we ...
The author whose near-automatic writing appears to be most closely related to
the surrealists is Gertrude Stein; yet her preoccupation with her own genius and
style made her practically impervious to influence except from painting. Insofar as
prove that there existed such a thing as "surrealist painting."17 Further, Breton
undertakes a history of modern painting to show its relations with the movement.
This study continued for several issues, under the title "Surrealism and Painting.
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foreword Maurice Nadeau
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