The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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(In Arcane 17 he eloquently defended his own advocacy of "love in the form of an
exclusive passion.") Aragon went on to celebrate a single woman, his wife Elsa;
for years Eluard identified poetic inspiration with his wife, Gala ...
As to the fourth charge, that of the cruel treatment she suffered during her
marriage, once examined in detail it becomes necessary to decide whether this is
a distinct attempt on Chaplin's part to demoralize his wife, or whether it is the
... alphabets and civilizations in which I shall still love you since you want to be
my wife and think of me in the countries where there is no longer any average.
My heart bleeds upon your mouth and closes over your mouth, over all the pink ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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