The sovereign of Otaheile rarely con- In forming an estimate of the three descended to set his foot to the ground; successive aspects under which this he was carried about every where on government appears, we may observe, the shoulders of his attendants. Even that the first is too savage, too deeply the lifting of food to his mouth was tinged with the preceding ferocity; considered by him as too great an ef- while the last is effeminate and licenfort; and he left this office to them tious to an excessive degree. But the also *. After Pomarre's army had intermediate state, lying at a distance gained a signal victory over that of a from both extremes, presents us with rival chief, he himself was found at a many very amiable and happy forms great distance from the battle, lying of society. flat on the ground, and holding fast by the roots of a tree, motionless with terror t. However powerful the influence of habit, when deeply rooted, Account of FOWLS-HEUGH, near it cannot be supposed that, among a

STONERAVEN. people who still retain somewhat of an active and warlike character, such a FOWLS-HEUGH is a steep rock dynasty should not gradually lose their

ou the eastern coast of Scotland, influence. The governments of the

about three or four miles to the southSandwich and Friendly Islands have ward of Stonehaven. It is nearly a already begun to be broken up by the quarter of a mile in length ; and its successful rebellion of several chiefs

, height from the sea, which washes the

is two whose authority, notwithstanding the outward reverence paid to it, could feet. It is observed from a consider

able distance by persons at sea; and is not rest upon the same foundation of public opinion. As the royal power rocks by the whiteness of its appear

easily distinguished from the adjacent declines, an aristocracy is formed, consisting of princes of the blood and their

On the face of it, there are indescendants, who, in process of time,

numerable small chinks and crevices, multiply to a considerable number ; of in which the fowls make their nests distinguished warriors ; and of priests. and at some places there are long -Yet their authority, too, gradually shelves, or ledges, which are occupied declines, from the operation of the same causes which had undermined

The rock, and the birds which lodge

on it, are considered the property of length, shaking off that blind submis- the proprietor of the neighbouring ession to which they had resigned them- tate, who lets them for a considerable ,

sum of yearly rent to a tenant, who is riority in physical strength, and lay called the Heughman, and who is obclaim to a share of the public autho- liged annually to give the landlord a rity. A government is then formed young hawk, from a nest of one of these of a free, active, and enterprising cha- birds, of an uncommonly large size,

which builds in the rock regularly racter, almost in every respect the reverse of the present. This, however,

every year. constituting a stage by itself, does not

The fowls called Queets, Nories, now come under our notice.

and Kittyweaks, are those which build in

greatest numbers on this rock; and

besides these there are Gulls, Shags, * We were surprised to see so stout a man, perhaps the largest in the whole and various other kinds of aquatic island, fed like a cuckoo. Missionary birds. The Queets and Nories are Voyage, 75--Missionary Voyage, 184. much smaller in size than an ordinary



" low!

duck, and have very short wings; but At some places, where the top of their eggs, which are of different co- the cliff is projected over the subjalours, are very large, exceeding a duck's cent sea, he will hang suspended in egg in bulk considerably.

the air at a considerable distance from The manner of taking the eggs and the face of the precipice. When in young fowls from the nest is very this pendulous situation, he will place strange, and attended with a consider- his pole, which is about twenty feet able degree of hazard. As the face long, against the rock, and, by that of the rock is perpendicular, and wash- ineans, forcing himself farther from its ed at the foot by the sea, it is impos- front, will swing back into the recessible to ascend it by ladders or other- ses where the birds build, and remain wise. The Heughman is therefore till he has emptied the nests, when be obliged to descend from the top, which is lowered or raised to some other he does in the following manner :-

place. He provides himself with a large sack A person cannot stand on the brink or sheet, a strong rope, and a pole, on of this vast precipice, and observe the the end of which is a small bag kept adventurous fowler, half-way down, open at the mouth by an iron ring.– engaged in this frightful employ, while When the rope is fastened round his thousands of fowls are flying to and body, he is lowered down from the fro from one place to another, withtop of the cliff by five or six persons, out being put in mind of Edgar's demost of whom are generally women. scription of Dover cliff: On the margin of the cliff there is placed a small wooden machine, on

“ How fearful 'tis to cast one's eyes so which is fixed a pulley for the rope to run upon, that it may not be cut by

The crows and choughs that wing the

“mid-way air rubbing upon the edge of the rock. In

“ Seein scarce so gross as beetles. Half. going down he poizes himself by placing his feet against the front of the “ Hangs one that gathers samphire, precipice; and when he arrives at the “ dreadful trade! places where the eggs are in greatest

Methinks he seems no bigger than plenty, he makes signals to the persons

“ one's head.

“ The fishermen that walk upon the above, who allow him to stop till he

“ beach bas emptied the nests, which, by means

“ Appear like mice; and yon tall an. of the bag at the end of his pole, he “ choring bark can do for a considerable distance a- “ Seems lessen'd to her cock, her cock round him. When he is out of the a buoy, sight and hearing (which is very often

“ Aimost 100 small for sighethe case) of those who hold the rope

-The murmuring surge beneath

Cannot be heard so high.” above, there is a person placed on some projecting point, to whom he makes The eggs, immediately after they are signals when he wishes to be lowered taken from the nests, are boiled till or hoisted froin one place to another; they become quite hard, when they will and this person communicates the sig- keep, without spoiling, for a considernals to his companions. As soon as able time. They are sometimes packed he has collected all the booty within up, and sent even as far as London; but his reach, or as much as he can conve- the greater rumber of them are sold niently stow about him, he is pulled by the Heughman at his bwn house, up; and when he has emptied his sack, near the top of the rock, particularly he again descends at another place, on Sundays, when great numbers of collects the eggs, and is again hoisted people come from Stonehaven, and up in the same way,

other places in the neighbourhood. July 1808.


way down

А A short time after the season of the As

s soon as the young ones are able eggs is over, the Heughman again de- to procure their own food, and to fly scends the rock in the way before de- a considerable distance, the whole birds, scribed, and collects from the nests the old and young, whose number is still young Kittyweaks, which are the only immense, notwithstanding the extraorfowls whose flesh is generally eaten, dinary havock which has been made When the feathers are taken off, the by the pillaging hand and ensnaring birds are carried about and sold thro' nets of the Heughman, and the thou:the country. Though they might be sands which have been destroyed by preserved for a long time, and made the murderous gun of the sportsinan, fit for exportation to distant places, by take their departure from the rock, being salted and dried in the sun, yet where there is scarcely one to be seen this is never done, as the demand for until the ensuing spring, when they them in the neighbourhood is so great again return to lay their eggs. that they are all sold as soon as they are taken from their nests.

About the beginning of autumn, when the young birds begin to tiy,

SCOTTISH REVIEW. and the Heughman has taken all that he can get at by descending from the I. Dissertations on the Existence, Attop of the rock, he places nets over the tributes, Providence, and Moral face of it at certain places, where great Government of God; and on the nuinbers of the fowls are caught. The Duty, Character, Security, and Fi. old ones, which are catched in this nal Happiness of his Righteous Submanner, are only valuable on account jects. By the Rev. David Savile, of their feathers, their flesh not being A.M. Svo. Mundel & Co. Edinnearly so good as the flesh of the burgh. 7s. 6d. young ones, and very seldom eaten. The Fowlsbeugiat shooting season IN the introduction to this work, Me

great numbers of the birds are killed. Every jects discussed in it are among the day, while the season lasts, people from most important which can occupy the Stonehaven, Aberdeen, and other pla- attention of the human mind. Any ces, come to the foot of the rock in attempt to illustrate them, therefore, boats, when they get liberty to shoot must, if well executed, be extremely from the Heughman, upon paying him deserving the attention of the public. a shilling for each gun that they bring Most of them indeed have been already with them. The fowls are still so nu- treated of at great length; the advanmerous, notwithstanding what have tage, however, which our author propobeen taken by the Heughman, that Jes to himself, is that of giving a more persons who are accustomed to shoot- popular, uniform, and connected view ing will bring down twoor three at eve of them, than is to be found in former ry shot, and sometimes even five or six. publications. For this purpose, his The shooting at the birds in most pla- work appears to us, in many respects, ces of the clif' must be from the boats, to be well qualified. He appears to there being only one landing-place at have deeply studied the subject, both the foot of the rock from which they by reading and meditation. His stile can be fired at. The noise made by is very well suited to a popular work ; the fowls while the shooting continues, completely oratorical, bold, and rapid; is so great as almost to exceed descrip- sometimes deficient in polish and regution, and has even become proverbial larity, but always animated, and frein the country.

quently cloquent. The following are


the important subjects of which be and copious eloquence which is charactreats :

teristic of his style. The first relates 1. The existence of God. 2. The to the happiness to be derived from the omnipresence of God. 3. The good- observance of the law of God. hess of God. 4. The providence of God. 5. The moral Government of To induce us to observe this law God. 6. Moral obligation. 7. The still more strictly, let us recollect, that character of the upright. 8. The se

while it is the law of God and of society,

it is also the law of felicity-Every indivicurity of the upright. 9. The final dual who observes this law, in whatever triumph of the upright. 10. The evi- circumstances he may be placed, whedences of a future state. 11. The pros- ther prosperous or adverse, must feel pect of a future state opened by the himself, at least, comparatively happy. gospel. 12. The knowledge of eternal This is the natural consequence of what life. 13. The glory of the righteous has already been said of the tendency of in Heaven. 14. The same subject.

obedience to the law, to promote the

happiness of society, unless we can supMr Savile considers as incorrect the pose a whole society to be happy, and distinction of the arguments for the at the same time the individuals who existence of the Deity into that a prin compose it to be unhappy. But this ori and a posteriori, and therefore has we cannot suppose; it is a palpable abendeavoured to blend the two into one. surdity; and in every case it will be We think indeed he has fairly proved found to hold true, that just so much as

we have of devout regard to God and to the inaccuracy of the former term.-

his holy lew, just so much shall we have That which is called the argument a of true felicity. God himself is eterpriori certainly pre-supposes the obser- nally and infinitely happy, because, he vation that something exists. It re- necessarily loves and acts agreeably to quires no more, however ; it is prior to the law of eternal and infinite reason, any particular and detailed exainina- or, in other words, because he is eter tion of what that something is. We nally and infinitely holy. Angels too are still therefore inclined to think, they are much more conformed to God;

are much happier than we are, because that it may be advantageous to treat much more conformed to reason, his it separately, since it certainly admits immutable law. And we in our lower of a more rigid and accurate mode of sphere can only approach to their happroof, than the other.

piness, by imitating their obedience.Mr S. considers Dr Clarke as hav- Man, while disobedient, while regarding failed in his management of the ar

less of God, and without subjection

to his holy law, is in a disordered and gument above alluded to. We con

unnaturel state. He is a degraded ani. tess, however, it appears to us that he mal, clinging only to this earth, lying has only proved the inaccuracy of his at the mercy of events, tortured by the definition of the term “ Necessary cravings of insatiable desires, and tossed Existence.” Most of the reasoning by the incessant tempest of ungovernof that celebrated writer, when cleared able passions. He cannot, at the same of this defect, stands, we think, upon science. His sins often rise up in hor.

time, divest himself of the power of conan immoveable foundation. The arguments, however, which our author in the face. He anticipates the tribu

rible array against him, and stare hiin has substituted in the room of those of nal of God, and has nothing but a fearDr Clarke, appear to possess consider-“ful looking for of judgment.” But he able ingenuity, though our limits de who has grace given him to observe the not permit us to enter into any parti- divine law, is a friend of Christ, and cular examination of them.

need fear no evil. Christ loves him and The following passages will afford him be of good cheer, because his sins

numbers him with his chosen, and bids mery good specimens of our author's

are forgiven him. His heart therefore mode of reasoning, and of that flowing becomes the sanctified seat of serenity,



and order; all his desires and passions ses which they are destined to serve. are directed to their proper objects; The vegetable tribes are fitted for the his soul is the highly favoured habita- particular soil and climate in which tion which Deity itself hath chosen to they are destined to grow, and the indwell in. “If a man love me," (sayeth ferior animals receive that particular Christ,) " and keep my words, (that is, frame, that particular degree of strength, “my law,) my Father will love him; and those particular instincts and pro.

and we will come and take up our pensities, which are perfectly corres* abode wi:hbım.” Who can describe the pondent to the place they hold in the happiness of that man, who is thus sing creation, and the offices they are ap. led out from the world, and admitted to pointed to perform. The same "ó fellowship with the Father and with dom, then, is doubtless emploved in “ his Sun Jesus Christ?" His is a peace the construction of man. Doubtless that passeth ail understanding; the joy his nature, with all its capacities and of heaven upon earth, the triumph of powers, is every way adapted to his eternity in the moments of time.-No rank in the scale of being, and to the blighting blast of adversity can wither measure of his duration. But how can his comforts. Death itself cannot sever this wisdom, this divine adaptation, be him from the source of happiness.- made apparent, if he be only the insect Nay, “ glorying in tribulation," he re- of a day: if, after taking a feir turns ugards death only as his father's messen- pon tlie theatre of existence, he sink in ger kindly sent to call him home. And death never to exist again ?-He has a when his friends stand weeping around soul, an immaterial, spiritual principle him, and taking their last adieu, with a within liim, capable ofendless existence; smile of heaven on his cheek, and a and is it consistent with wisdom, --infi: sweet humble hope sparkling in his eye, nite wisdom,—to give him this glorious he can calmly say, Weep not for me, capacity in vain ?-lle can think, rea“ but for yourselves, who have still to son, abstract himself from the objects " st. uggle with sin and with mortality. of sense and time, rise above all that “ Earih and you I leave behind me; 'pertains to earth, and soar upon the “ but I go to angels, to God my Sayi. 'wings of heavenly contemplation. But

our, my everlasting joy.” He gently why so highly endowed ; why su divinefalls asleep in Jesús: he rests from bis ly exalted; if he be so soon to be de. jabours, and his works do follow him. stroyed for ever; to become, both body Evil then shall never reach him ; igno- and soul, as if he had never been ?--He rance shall never cloud his understand. can reach the sublimest heights of vir: ing; deviations from God's law shall ne. tue, he can hold fellowship with angels, ver grieve his spirit: he is then made and reflect the image of the Divinity; perfect; and his perfection and happiness but why furnish him with this excel. are without measure and without end. lence; why adorn him with this image,

if he were merely to number a few The following passage,

which fornus evil days, and then for ever perish?part of the discourse on the evidences

Our own nature proclaims to us our fu.

ture existence. The all-wise Creator of a future state, is perhaps still prefer

has bestowed upon us faculties, the beable :

stowing of which we cannot account The doctrine of a future state is evin- for, had hey a reference only to this ced not only by the justice, but by the land of shadows. There must then be wisdom of God.-Wisdom is never nerd. another scene, where, in a nobler soil, lessly profuse of its gifts, but propor. and beneath more friendly skies, they tions exactly the means it employs, and shall mature and fourish, and attain the endowments it confers to the nature their just, unbounded exercise. — Yes, and value of the end which it designs we are not abortive beings : death does to accomplish. Now, God is infinite not strike us off from existence; it onin wisdoin, and therefore we are war- ly changes our residence, and carries us ranted to infer that he suits harmonious. to better mansions," mansions not ly the nature, the powers, and faculties, ** made with hands, eternal in the hea. of all his creatures, to the stations in

vens." which they are placed, and the purpo- My soul! awake then into action;


P. 170

P. 257.

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