ters themselves denominated the very crisis bill. Lords Albemarle, Erskine, and Hol. of our fate, they should have so misapplied land, reprobated in strong terms the meatheir time as to have merely employed sure, as being impolitic, cruel, and inhumane. themselves in enhancing to the enemy the It was supported by ministers as a wise and price of coffee and sugar.

efficient measure, and provoked by the deLord' Rede sdale contended, that the bill crees of the Ruler of France. The bill was was justifiable according to the law of na- then read a third time and passed, on a dicions.

vision, 110 to 44. Lord Hawkesbury supported, and Lords Upon the order of the day for the second King, Lauderdale, and Grenville, opposed reading of the bill for the better Adminis. the bill. A division then took place, and tration of Justice in Scotland, the Lord the motion was carried by a majority, Chancellor rose, and observed, that from proxies included, of 116 to 59.–The bill the great increase of commerce and manuwas accordingly read a second time. factures, agriculture, and population, in

that part of the United Kingdom, the busiTuesday, March 22.

ness of the Court of Session in Scotland, Lord Lauderdale rose to make a motion and the appeals to this House, had increaagainst the conuercial policy of the orders sed to so alarming a degree, that it became in Council. In a speech of considerable necessary to adopt some measure for the length, the Noble Lord argued against the better and more pronipt administration of principles on which the orders had issued, jastice in that country. With this view, and contended, that they would ultimately having given the subject the most mature destroy our commercial interests with and deliberate consideration in his power, America, and the general prosperity of the he proposed the present bill, as the most country. He concluded, by moving eight effective measure that could be adopted. resolutions, directed against the justice and lt was not his Lordship’s intention to en. policy of the orders in Council, as they ap- ter minutely into the merits of the bill at peared to his Lordship to distress the com- present, but merely, after a few observamercial interest of this country, and as they tions, to move the commitment of it beseemed calculated to depress our charac. fore the secess. It was his wish to diside ter in the estimation of civilized nations. the Court of Session into two Courts of

Lord Bathurst, in a speech of consider. Judicature, instead of three : that eight of able length, commented upon each of the the Judges should preside in the one, to be resolutions proposed, and inaintained that called the Inner Chamber: and the rethe effects of the orders in Council had maining seven in the other, to be called the been beneficial.

Outer Chamber; each to be a Court as to l'he question being called for, the reso- the other; and that the dernier resort should lutions were rejected on a division 21 to 56. be by appeal to this House. He proposed

this division in the first instance, wishing, Monday, April 4.

in all such cases, where alterations were to A petition was presented by Lord Hol- be made in the administration of justice in land, on the part of the Guildry of Ar- any country, to introduce such alterations broath, claiming for Scotland the privileges gradually. With respect to the trial by of the Trial by Jury.

Jury, he considered, with the great Lord

Mansfield, that this was a sort of innovaTuesday, April 5.

tion upon the constitution of the Scorch The second reading of the Scotch Judic laws, which should, if made at all, be made cature bilt was postponed till Thursday: with the utmost caution and circumspecand on the motion of Lord Grenville, the tion; it was therefore his intention that the Lord President, and two senior judges of Commissioners who should be appointed the Court of Session in Scotland, were di- under this bill, should, among various other rected to deliver in their answers in writ- matters, inquire how far, and in what par. ing, to the Lord Chancellor, to the ques. zicular cases, the trial by jury could with tions proposed to them last year,

propriety and effect be introduced into

Scoiland.-His Lordship concluded by move April 6. and 7.

ing the second reading of the bill. Mr Brougham and Mr Campbell were Lord Grenville congratulated the House, Snally heard at the bar, on behalf of cer- that the necessity of adopting some mea. Lain petitioners from Liverpool, Manches- sure for the better Administration of Juster, &c. against the clause in the orders of rice in Scotland was at last thought advja Council bill, for prohibiting the exporta. sable by noble Lords on the other side of gion of Jesuit's birk to France. Eari Ba- the House. His Lordship still thought it thurst the moved the third reading of the would be most expedient to divide the


Court of Session into three, instead of two the same time, endeavour to substantiate Courts. The trial by jury might, he con- their own right. As to Mr Bellenden Ker, crived, be most beneficially introduced, the case was different. He did, indeed, ad it was anxiously desired. He should under the charter 1646, and undet the denot give any opposition to the bill at pre- volution clause in the deed 1648, maintain, sent; he hoped it would be so modified as that peither Sir J. N. Ker, or General W. to meet the ideas of those who were pecu- Ker, were heirs called to the dignities; but liarly interested in it, though he confessed he did not even alledge, under either of he bad certain prejudices on this subject these deeds, that he had any claim to the which would not easily be removed. digpities whatever. The property he claim

Lard Melville obsei ved, that other per- ed under a different deed. The House, no sons might have similar prejudices in a doubt, had a right, if they chose it, I hear contrary way, but he conceived reform and parties claiming only a negative interest, amendment should proceed progressively, such as Mr Bellenden Ker's was, but this He coincided with the noble and learned was resorted to merely to protect themLord, with respect to the introduction of selves from the chance of recognising a trial by jury.

claim which ought not to be sustained. Lord Lauderdale warmly advocated the There was little probability of any thing introduction of trial by jury in Scotland; of the kind occurring here, where the Lord and, after some observations in explanation Advocate was to be heard for the publie from the Lord Chancellor, the bill was interest in Scotland, and the Attorney Go read a second time.

neral for the public interest in this cour, Friday, April 8.

try. His Lordship therefore moved, that

it be an instruction to the Committee, that ROXBURGH ESTATE APPEAL. Lady Essex Ker is entitled to be heard in The House met at two o'clock, pursuant the Committee of Privileges, but that Mr to a special adjournment, to hear counsel Bellenden Ker is not; reserving to him, in the important Scots appeal case respec- however, to be heard on the import of the ting the estates of the Dukedom of Rox- words " Eldest Daughter," and Heirs burgh, John Bellenden Kerr, Henry Gaw. Male." His Lordship expressed some doubt ler, and John Seton Karr, Esqrs. appellants. as to the possibility of finishing this case Sir James Norcliffe Innes, Bart. and Col during the present session. UnquestionWalter Kerr of Littledean, respondents. ably it would be impossible, if their Lord. Mr John Clerk was heard at great length ships did not attend. In that, however, he for the appellants in this first division of begged it to be recollected, that no blame the cause. The Counsel in this appeal are was imputable to him. He hoped they very namerous. Sir Samuel Ronilly, Mess. would be pointed in their attendance on William Adam, and J. Hargrave; the Lord Thursday, at one o'clock. Advocate and Solicitor General for Scot

Earl Suffolke concurred in enforcing the land, the Hon. Henry Erskine, Messrs Juhn necessity of a pointed attendance on Thurs. Clerk, Adam Gillies, James Moncrieff, Wil. day; the more particularly when the im. liam Horne, &c.

portance of the case was considered, and The Counsel were heard for their repec. when it was understood that the cause cost tive clieots for 36 days; and on the 28th the parties One thousand pounds every day of June, the Hon. Henry Erskine was it stood for hearing, and that there were heard for General Ker, and Sir Samuel not Members to form a House this day will Romilly for Sir James Innes Ker, in the four o'clock, question whether Lady Essex Ker, and On Thursday June 30. in the CommitMr Bellenden Ker, should be heard in the tee of Privileges, Mr Brougham was heard Committee of Privileges on the right of on behalf of Lady Essex Ker, and the Lord Sir James Innes Ker, or General Walter Advocate and Attorney General for the Ker, to the Roxburgh Peerage

Crown. The Lord Chancellor shen addressed the On Friday July 1. after hearing House at some length. From a review of Samuel Romilly and Mr Erskine for their the arguments on all sides, he laid it down, respective parties, the Lord Chancellor that Lady Essex Ker did, in fact, claim moved, that the farther consideration of it the dignities in question, for she asserted be postponed till the first Tuesday in next her right to be better than that of the o- session. If his Lordship should not then ther two claimants. No petition, it was be in office, to accommodate the parties as true, had been presented for her, but still far as lay in his power, he said he should ate the House had been in the use to hear par- tend and deliver his opinion on the case ties having an interest against the claims and if he should dit in the mean time, he of others, even although they did not, at should leave his opinion in writing.


In the Staff there was a small variation, Friday, Feb. 26.

from the increase that had taken place in

the Staff abroad. The volunteer corps Danisu NEUTRALITY.

were nearly in the same state in which Mr Canning said, that as many misre- they were last year. The foreign corps presentations had gone abroad respecting were somewhat increased from an addition the papers from which he had read ex- that had been made to the German legion. tracts, he was anxious to lay them before The Royal Military College, and the Comthe House, as far as was consistent with the passionate List, were both somewhat angpublic good. He therefore moved " for mented. The general result of comparison copies and extracts of the correspondence was, that the estimates for the present year between Lord Howick and Mr Garlicke, exceeded those of the last 592,0001.; but our Minister at Copenhagen, in Novem- after deducting from the estimates now ber and December 1806, and January 1807, before the Committee the various items of about the actual or expected violation of expence which used formerly to be introthe neutrality of Holstein by the French duced aniong, the extraordinaries of the armies."

army, the real difference was reduced to Some conversation ensued of a desul. somewhat less than 100,000). He concludtory nature, when Mr Sheridan, in a long ed with moving his resolutions conforinspeech, supported the motion, and moved ably with the estimates. an amendment, calling for all information A long desultory conversation ensued, of received last year by Ministers respecting no great interest,' becween General FitzCopenhagen, and the equipment of the Da- patrick, Mr Long, Mr Huskisson, Mr nish Aleet for the purposes of France. He Calcraft, Lord Henry Petty, Mr Lushing. also moved for papers in vindication of the ton, and Mr Robinson, which turned chief. conduct of Mr Garlicke.

ly upon the merits of the different systems After a short debate, the amendment was of recruiting for a limited time, or for life. rejected, and the original motion carried on Mr Windham complained of the precia division, 140 co 19.

pitancy with which public business was ARMY ESTIMATES.

carried on, and particularly on the manner

in which Ministers pressed the consider'The House having resolved itself into a ation of this subject. Committee of the whole House to consi- The Hon. C. A. Cooper then moved the der of the army estimates,

different sums necessary for the ordnance The Secretary at Har was happy in be. department, amounting in the whole 10 ing able to staré, that no former period somewhat upwards of 5,300,000 I. had the army of this country been superior After some conversation, the resolutions in spirit and discipline, and at no former were severally put and agreed to. time had it been equal in numbers, the whole establishment amounting to no less

Monday, Feb. 29. than 300,000 men. The regular infan- Lord Castlereagh moved the order of try establishment of 1807 was 109, 000, the day for taking into consideration his and that for the present year was 132,000 Majesty's message, for bestowing a pension men, and the difference between the actual on the family of the late Lord Visc. Lake, numbers and this establishment was now (which was agreed to) and said, an applionly 13,000 men, whereas last year it had cation of this nature had been deferred dubeen no less than 53,000. In the cavalry ring the life of the late Lord, from a perthere was a slight reduction, but it was sonal delicacy on his part, and a magnanihardly worth mentioning. The royal wag- mous feeling of pride, in maintaining, by gon train was reduced to 500 horses, and his own private fortune, the dignified stathough last year it was intended to reduce tion his merits had procured him from his the whole of that corps, when it was recol. Sovereign, and heightened by the intimacy lected that these horses were actually em- and favour of thai Noble Branch of the ployed in the public service, in the works Royal Family (the Prince of Wales.) This carrying on about the different royal pala- motion now became necessary ; it was so, ces, and on the military canals, and that the to prove the gratitude of his country: No service which they performed was done at General had ever performed more gallant a cheaper rate than could be done by hir. and useful exploits, in which he had al. ing horses, he did not thiuk that any rea. ways followed the example so usefully held sonable objection could be made to the out by the Commanders of the French ar. maintenance of this body. The militia was mies, which was placing himself as a connearer to its establishment than it was last spicuous mark of boldness and enterprise to year, not withstanding that 24,000 men had his own soldiers ; ever prodigal of his own been drafted from it into the regular army. blood, he insured victory after victory in


India, where his acquisitions were immense, The House divided twice. The first was no matter what were the objections exist. upon the grant of the pension generally. ing against our system of government in Ayes 210_-Noes 26. 'The second divithat country. His family had been left dession was (as we understand) upon the pentitute by his death, and he hoped it would sion being granted from the date of the be needless to enforce the claims of the fa- battle at Delhi. Ayes 202_Noes 15. mily through their illustrious head, at least

RUSSIAN MediaTION. to be continued for two successive genera. Mr Whitbread felt that he would reá tions. He chen moved the pension of 2000l. quire a great portion of the indulgence per annum.

of the house. He should think it necessary Mr Woitbread said, the Noble Lord had

to bring in review the public transactions enjoyed a very lucrative situation, and had, of the last year on the continent. Much at a particular period, received a sum of time had been already occupied, but un9000l for his services; he could not, then, necessarily, in getting information.—He with decency himself have made such a de. must therefore proceed upon the inquiry mand. He admitted he was a great soldier, with such information as we have. It will but by no means superior to British soldiers not be contended by the Gentlemen oppoin general. He thought the family by no site, that the House have, by their address means so much in distress, but he would to the throne, prevented themselves from accommodate the family, if needful, with a agreeing to the resolutions which he had supply, but certainly inferior in income to

to propose. With respect to the time of that proposed by the Noble Lord.

bringing the question forward, he thought Mi Wharton spoke highly in favour of there could not be a better period than Lord Lake's clainis, and considered it much when symptoms of distress tan high, of in his favour that he had, though he posses- this the petitions for peace lately presented sed such powerful influence and great emo: to the House were unequivocal proofs. laments, returned home in rather indigent These petitions were not influenced by any circumstances.

individuals of consequence, nor by any Mr M. A. Taylor knew his Lordship's parties, but were the effusions of public family to consist of seven children, and each calamity and distress. The language of was only given by 1.ord Lake's will 15001. them was the most respectful to :he House, legacy; could the House then be niggardand the most dutiful to the Sovereign. ly of their hounty in cases of a public na- Towards the close of the American war, ture, where we were otherwise so prodigal. what turned the current of war towards

Lord Castlereagh said, that, after the peace but the sufferings of the people ? payment of the legacies left by the late i hope 'those sufferings will now meet Lord Lake, and some debes, there would with attention ; and if I am not able to imnot remain for the daughters half as much press upon his Majesty's Ministers, or the as had been stated; and, in short, they House, the necessity of a peace, I crust the would have only a pitrance.

people will persevere in their endeavours to Sir Francis Burdett objected to the mo- be heard. stand up the deterinined ene. tion altogether, unless it were accompanied my of eternal warfare-(Hear! heur! by assurances of Ministers that all sinecure bear!)-the determined advocate of peace, places and reversionary grants should be if it can be obtained with honour. He abolished for ever,

considered peace as more likely than war The Chancellor of the Exchequer perfect to prove our safety. They called it a war ly agreed with the Hon. Baronet who spoke purely defensive.' But what probability is last, that the people of England had a right there of their being able to curb the enemy? now and at all times to claim from that Have we any means of attacking France ? If House a vigilant attention to the economi- all the abilities of the nation were united cal mapagement of their affairs , but he be. for the purpose, where could their ingeLieved the Hon. Baronet would not con, nuity discover a point of attack? In the vince the House or the country that parsi. speech from the throne it was said, that mony, in rewarding eminent services, was the peace of Tilsit was a most disastrous the best or truest economy,

event to Russia, So far from that, it was Mr Banées said, that, under all the cir- the saving of the remnant of the Russian cumstances of the case, he must agree in army. The French Emperor, if he had Voting for the motion. He disapproved, followed up his victories merely as generally, of the want of discrimination on soldier, mnigbt have annihilared it. The the part of Ministers, in bestowing titles offer of mediation by Russia has been reupon persons who had not sufficient for- presented as a consequence of an agreemene trae to support their rank, and who must made at the peace of Tilsit; whereas the then either become pensioners of the Crowa, offer had been made to a Noble Lord (Lord or burdeos upon the people.

G. L. Gower) three days previous to the

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signing of the treaty of poace. That Noble of the mediation offered by the Emperor Lord, in his answer to a note of the Baron of Russia, were inexpedient and impolitic. de Budberg, thus expresses himself respec- Resolved, That it is the opinion of this ting peace :-"My Court will always be House, that the conduct of his Majesty's ready to concur in negotiations so founded; Ministers, on the subject of the mediation her only view in war being to obtain a so- offered by the Emperor of Austria, was unlid and durable peace." Was this the only wise and impolitic, and not calculated to view of England during the last war?-- ascertain how far the restoration of the The same "Noble Lord was Ambassador blessings of peace might or might not have when that destructive coalition was formed been attainable, through the means of such against France in 1805. The objects of this mediation. league were, 1se, the evacuation of Hanover; Resolved, That this House feels it in2d, the restoration of the republics of Hol- cumbent upon itself to declare, that there land and Helvetia; 3d, the re-establish- is nothing in the present circumstances of ment of the King of Sardinia ; and. 4th, the war, which oughe to preclude his Maguaranteeing the integrity of the Neapoli- jesty from embracing any fair opportunity tan dominions. I do not say that these of acceding to, or commencing a negotia. objects were improper at the time ; buc tion with the enemy, on a footing of equa. was it possible to effect them ? if they lity, for the termination of hostilities on should now continue to be the objects of terms of justice and honour. the war, I fear, indeed, that peace with Mr Herbert seconded the first resolution France will be for ever impossible. But on its being read from the chair, when the mediation of Russia was offered, Mfr George Ponsonby rose under great it was a golden opportunity of entering in- disadvantages, after the admirable speech to negotiation, which no wise statesman he had just heard. With the two first rewould have suffered to pass by. From the solutions he perfectly concurred; but as to dispositions of the Emperor of Russia, there the third, he differed from his Hon. Friend could be no doubt of his wish to promote as to the necessity of pressing it at that mothe pacification on terms, favourable to ment. Were it carried in that House, MinisEngland; and there was a moral cer- ters would be compelled to make some effort tainty that France would have accepted at negotiation ; and though that was true of that mediation. Bue this offer was policy, yet this might not be the fircest treated with coldness and distruss. The time to press it upon them. By such a Ambassador was instructed to demand, measure, consequences might result unfain the first instance, a communication of vourable even to the views of the Hon. Mothe secret articles of the treaty of Tilsit. ver himself. Were a peace made, and that The very proposition was an affront. When peace a bad one, the Minister might rethey could not get the secret articles of the proach the House, and say, Yon forced me treaty of Tilsit, they insisted on a commer- to it, You are the authors and makers of cial treaty. The acceptance of the Rus. it. He certainly had no opinion of the sian mediation, it was said, would be risk- sincerity of Ministers. And if Ministers, ing the safety of the country. Does ac- after their rejection of mediation, were cepting a mediation infer an obligation now to apply inmediately, Bonaparte might of acceding to the terms afterwards » The say, How is it that you, who refused promeasures of Ministers tended to persuade posals sis weeks ago--you, who in fact sent the Emperor of Russia to break the treaty away the Auscrian Ambassador, come now of Tilsit, which would have been his ruin. with offers of peace? But this he did not (Hear! hear!)--It was gross political fol. say to encourage Ministers in their views. ly. In the whole of this affair the Secre- He thought peace our true policy, and he tary of State for Foreign Affairs shewed wished them to take every opportunity to such complete inconsistency as to prove procure it. that he was not the person fit to guide the Mr Wilberforce considered, that no offoreign relations of the country in perilous fer of mediation could have been more times. To refuse the mediation of Russia questionable than that of Russia, under the with France, and afterwards solicit her circumstances in which she was placed. mediation with Denmark, was not a bad and Ministers were consequently justified specimen of this inconsistency. He expa in the caution with which they had protiated on the refusal of the Austrian medi- ceeded. He agreed with Mr Ponsonby, ation, took a comprehensive view of the that it would be highly impolitic to enter whole subject, and concluded an'able speech, into any resolutions at present, which, ir by moving the following resolutions : their natpre, could have a tendency to es.

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this cite a clamour for peace ; an object which, House, that the conditions stipulated by instead of being accelerated, would, by such his Majesty's Ministers for the acceptance a proceeding, be greatly retarded. He com

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